The head of Poseidon / Antigonous Doson is a Greek bronze sculpture. The sculpture was created during the Hellenistic period (300-30 BC). His identity was unclear until the discovery of an ancient Greek silver coin. The coin created during 227-221 BC portrays the Macedonian King Antigonous Doson as Poseidon, God of the Sea, which reestablishes the supremacy of Macedonians over sea. Poseidon / Antigonous Doson’s head seemed very interesting, because of its relative size and texture.
The color composition and extreme details to contrast and brightness on his face and beard creates a very realistic effect. The bronze head full of thick wavy hair and on top of which he wears a head band symbolizes royalty as a God / ruler. His fine facial bones and full open lips create a sensation that the sculpture is alive and breathing. The empty-eye-socket seemed a bit weird. It probably could have contained a stone of some sort to create eyes which might be stolen or lost.
The thick bushy beard (with fine lines signifying attention to small details) which was standard of that time period and his age also symbolizes the turbulence of waves, since he was the Sea-God. Poseidon was the son of Cronus and Rhea. Poseidon is one of the six siblings who eventually divided the powers of the world. His brothers and sisters include Zeus, Hades, Demeter, Hestia and Hera. Zeus became the ruler of sky, Hades got the underworld and Poseidon became the ruler of the sea.
Poseidon symbolizes the water element and has mastery over the seas. The symbol of his power was the fisherman’s fork or trident, by which he produced earthquakes, rose up islands from the bottom of the sea and caused wells to spring from the Earth. Poseidon possessed the power of soothing troubled waters, creating angry waves and granting safe passage across seas. For this reason Poseidon was offered sacrifices and thanksgiving before and after a safe prosperous journey by sea.