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Gpsychology Essay Topics & Paper Examples

The Effect of Cross-Examination on Eyewitness Testimony

Cross-examination increases the likelihood of eyewitness error. Preceding research indicates that while being cross-examined children alter a lot of their originally correct responses. An experiment conducted by Maras & Valentine (2011) describes in which the result of cross-examination on accurateness of adult eyewitness testimony was explored. There were twenty-two student participants who were placed into a co-witness condition, which resulted in memory agreement and recalled less accurately than witnesses in the control condition or individual condition. Following a 4 week postponement all participants were cross-examined by a trainee barrister, similar to a prosecutor. Subsequently there was no difference in accurateness among the two experimental groups with regard to cross-examination. Witnesses in both conditions made numerous alterations to their preceding reports…