1. To whom is the sermon addressed?
To congregation, people who gather and practice religious worship.
2. According to Edwards, why is God wrathful?
Because people are evil and wicked sinners and god’s wrath is never ending and high-handed.
3. Reread the sixth paragraph. What people, according to Edwards, are not in the hands of this angry God? How is this state achieved?
People who have reformed their life in many ways and have had religious affections, along with keeping forms of religion withing you house and families as well as in the house of god.
4. Figurative language is language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to produce a certain effect. Edwards makes effective use of figurative language as he speaks of God’ s wrath. Find three examples of his use of figurative language and explain why they are effective.
“The wrath of God is like great waters that are dammed for the present” “The bow of God’s wrath is bent, and the arrow made ready on the string, and justice bends the arrow at your heart …” “and if God should let you go, you would immediately sink and swiftly descend and plunge into the bottomless gulf …”
Edward uses the word wrath many times, meaning intense fury. Thus, repeating the word he creates a sharp piercing tone that hits you hard. He creates great fear from the second example especially by mentioning that the arrow is pointed directly at ones heart. These metaphors, and figurative language are not hard to understand. Edward meant for it to be this way. One should understand the wrath of god, and know fear, know that eternal perish can be cast upon you with a flick. He mainly uses imagery, rhetorical strategies, and repittion to convey his piercing and fearful tone.
5. Using the list of tone words as a guide, make a list of 20 words in this selection that produce tone or attitude.
Misery, dreadful, wrath, avail, wickedness, contrivance, prudence, sovereign, corruption, fury, destruction, chaff, rapid, vengeance, treasuring, fierceness, inconceivable, omnipotent, stoutest, endure.
6. How does Edwards’ sermon reflect the ideals of this time period?
He reflects the ideals as very believing. Believing in good and evil, along with higher powers and an after life. Showing that the people were indeed very religious. It also reflects ideals about religion controlling a way of life and that the more religious someone is the more respected and higher up they are. He expands on various things but sticking with main and strict religious principles showing us many things about how people would find this and react.
7. Explain how his sermon connects to a concept or theme in “The Crucible.” They both have to deal with sinning, and the consequences that come with it. The wrath, and fury which should spread fear. Both have unique tones witch go straight to the heart then to the brain. Reaching an ultimate piercing effect amplified by fear which is wrath induced.