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Gerontology Review Essay

* Define & distinguish it from other concepts (health & life expectancy) * What does health incorporate – how do you determine difference btween health&wellness * Health- presence or absence of disease – but not just absence – incorporated in wellness in making someone healthy * Wellness- psychological and physical state of being healthy * Active life expectancy & disabled life expectancy (dependent) * Not just age they are talking about – how much time do you have left to live actively * Active life – How much time do you have left to live actively * Dependent- amount of time you live with a disability or limitation * Gender & race – primarily life expectancy

* Men are more likely to suffer from acute or fatal conditions (heart attack) * Heart attack/heart disease can be acute or chronic * Women are more likely to have chronic conditions over time (osteoporosis) * Men are more likely to have issues that kill you ! (Stroke, heart attack etc.) * Dependency Ratios (aka support ratios)

* Those productive in society vs. dependent ones  * Has to do with taxes – how many people is the gov’t getting $$ from? * Can the gov’t sustain people who aren’t working (especially those who are elderly or children) * Dependent = people who aren’t in the work force & need to be supported * Old age dependency ratios or children dependency ratios * Memory, Intelligence & attention

* Can do cross sectional – look at the differences – can talk about age differences but can’t say they are due to age * Longitudinal is better – but more $$ and time consuming – more fatalities or people die or move & lose contact (also can look at differences) * Know all the memory & intelligence

* Test that measures certain cognitive ability – Stroop test specifically measures attention * WAIS – Adult intelligence scale- older people do worse on performance scale (because nervous about getting answers wrong – intimidated specifically about timing) their oral skills stay the same. * Intelligence – fluid & crystallized

* Memory – explicit & implicit  * Normal, optimal (successful) and pathological – don’t need to know specific details – know how to tell a difference between them * Normal – have a certain amount of decline or can maintain but still have some type of decline * Senescence – normal biologicalprocess usually at age 30 * Pathological aging- certain amount of limitations placed on your normal activities or what you want to be doing * Arthritis really isn’t pathological unless it really messes with your schedule * DON’T NEED TO KNOW THE THEORIES – free radical, wear & tear * Person environment perspective

* Diagram – whether they are adequately stimulated or not * Needing assistance such as a ramp or rails in the home
* Public health issues
* Around the globe – what they are – pretty general
* From lecture – not from the video
* Global trends – people in less developed countries will have worse health than developed countries
* Nutrition, smoking & disability ****
* Developing countries are now dealing with obesity & starvation
* Understand trends in fertility rates don’t need specific #
* Remember 1 child policy in china
* Education & economic status in older adults (chap 4)
* More education and $$ they have the better health they have & they more satisfied you are with your health
* Morbidity – need to know what they are and how to distinguish between them
*Don’t need to know who came up with compression of morbidity
* What gerontology is & isn’t

* What ADL & IADL are & give the difference – which one is which * History of development * Differences in limitations among groups- measuring the things * Demographic groups – gender, race, economic status * Population pyramid- what affects pyramid * Go over graphical presentations * Don’t need to understand diff between the type graphically * But have ageneral understanding of what affects the pyramid – look @ the graph in the book * Understand health promotion with older adults –

* Understand causes of rise in older adults in the USA – goes back to understanding population pyramids * Physical changes in aging –don’t need to know about hearing * Know everything related disease too

* Review some cog functions- what you should expect to decline (no test on Alzheimer or dementia) * Understand changes of the eye, diseases related (of all the parts) * Body composition

* ALL TRUE FALSE MATCHING OR MULT CHOICE * Understand changes in acute and chronic disease over time & individually (mostly found in the book) * Health service utilization patterns 0 models (Health belief model)

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