In 1837, having developed and tested radically new educational method and philosophy
based on structured activity based learning, Froebel moved to Bad Blankenburg and established
his Play and Activity Institute which he renamed in 1840 Kindergarten.
Kindergarten was essentially three parts:
● Toys for sedentary creative play. (Froebel called gifts and occupations)
● Games and dances for healthy activity.
● Observing and nurturing plants in a garden for stimulating awareness of the natural world.
Froebel stated many things among them are statements such as:
It was a search for metaphysical unity, in which the potential growth to wholeness of the
individual child within the natural world would fulfil harmonious Ideal with the mind of God.
Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free
expression of what is in a child’s soul.
The gifts and occupations are the living connection which makes both play and work expressions
of the same creative activity.