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French-Ottoman Relations During The 16th, 17th And 18th Centuries Essay

Ottoman and the French had several alliances. The relationship between Ottoman and Europe changed considerably with time. However, the relationship was characterized with war. The Ottomans fought approximately forty three wars between 1463 and 1918, and thirty one of the wars were with several European states. But even as the war went on, there were cooperative relationships that existed between the two. In the 1600s, Christian theologists and including the pope thought that the broader European states were being divided into the land of Muslims by the Ottomans.

In the sixteenth century, Francis 1 synchronized his foreign policy with that of the Ottomans, although he did not enter into an official alliance with him. Francis went ahead to let Ottoman and his men winter along his South Coast, one time during the fights with the Habsburgs, who were some of their enemies. Most Europeans were not pleased with this decision and went ahead to rebuke him for his action. In 1688, a century and a half year later, the new king of France, Louis xiv, attacked Habsburg, a fellow European State. At that time, Habsburg was at war with the Ottomans.

Because of this, Louis was also rebuked by the people of Europe. But this was just for a short time until people started to see his actions as those that a king did for the state’s interests. Some of the decisions that Louise made marked a turning point in the evolution of the inter-state system, in Ottoman-West European relations. The period between 1830 and the outbreak of the French resolution saw an improvement in the relationships that existed between Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The first ruler to show an interest in the relationship between the two empires was Sultan Selim

three, who started to rule in 1789. It is said that he displayed some interest in other empires and in Europe. When he was a prince, he named Louis xvi, the king of France as his role model. The Sultan also had some friends and servants, with whom he shared his likes for the Europeans with. Just after his appointment as the king of Turkey, he appointed them to positions of influence at Europe. The new king concentrated on the war against the Russians, who were the greatest threats to his empire. In 1792, the two empires were reconciled by the British and the Prussians.

After the Ottomans and the Russians attained peace, the Sultan launched the program of reforms which was aimed at increasing the central state organization. The Sultan needed to ensure that the internal and the external of his empire were strong enough to resist attacks from the exteriors. However, the Sultan went ahead to adopt new reforms where his subjects would do what he wanted in order to change the people from their traditional way into the modernized way of Europeans. He went as far as accepting the European practices and getting advice from European advisors in an attempt to achieve his goals.

In his reign channels of communication between the Europeans and the Ottomans were opened up. This greatly improved the relationship between France and the Ottomans. In order to fully implement the new reforms, the Sultan had to employ people who were skilled on the reform implementation. In an attempt to implement the reforms that the Sultan had made, he employed advisors and instructors through the French instructors. This contributed a lot to the modernization of the Ottoman dynasty. There was an allocation of new and modernized schools and hospitals.

Reasons why the French and the Ottoman maintained their alliance The Ottomans benefited from their alliance in that the communication channels between them and the French improved their channels of communication. They benefited from the French modernized ways, such as the construction of the hospitals and the modern schools where teaching was done. The Sultan also gained from the relationship in that he had advisors who were qualified enough. Another reason for the relationship maintained their alliance is because it brought to an end the wars between the two.

The kings that took over the two dynasties were both interested in bringing peace to their empires. They therefore, worked with each other to maintain good relationship. The channels of trade between the two countries were also improved. They could now trade freely with each other, some thing that was not done so freely before. Bibliography 1) Quataert Donald, 2005, The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922, Cambridge University Press. Page 85-86 2) Zurcher Jan Erik, 2004, Turkey: A Modern History, Turkey, I. B. Tauris

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