Expansion of a company brings a chance for better revenue and cash flow from operations. But the increased portfolio comes with requirements such as capital to start up before full functional that brings about acquisitions and increase in net service rates across the portfolio. Such expanding companies like the fire fighting departments requires initiatives to enhance cash flows increase the net asset values, highlight transactional and enhance their service value.
The management plan represents the goals of this department’s community emergency expansion plan, which is to setup a new station with apparatus and crews to ensure safety and quick response times to local and the new chemical plant emergencies. Locally the plant is to assist the residents in preparing themselves and their neighborhoods to cope with any and all types of emergencies especially fire. Purpose To establish a fire emergency management plant for responsibilities within the neighborhood clusters and the chemical company. Scope
The disaster plant will apply to any public emergency, which is defined as a disaster, catastrophe, or an emergency situation where the health, safety or welfare of persons within is threatened. Organization Framework This paper will provide the overall framework for how the implementation of the new department is going to be done with relation to the budget and requirements. This project plan takes an all-hazards approach to disaster response, plus unifies and coordinates the efforts of the Foggy Hills Fire Rescue team in order to provide a comprehensive and effective approach for responding to and reducing the impacts of fire emergencies.
It provides and describes the functions and activities necessary to implement the full phases of fire emergency management including lessening, organization, response or reactions to emergency calls and recovery, last but not least utilization of community, volunteer, private sector and government resources. A fire department ought to be staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week always so that during an emergency or disaster there is an enhanced operation under the incident command system. The level of enhancement is dependent upon the severity of an event. A detailed procedure outlining emergency operations Procedures are required.
Such as an approach grouping direct assistance and operational support that the personnel and clusters may need in order to accomplish hazard mitigation and preparedness for emergency and disaster response and recovery. The Basic Plan These are the policies and concepts of operations that guide how the fire personnel will conduct mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery activities. Secondly is the description of the mission, policies, concept of operations, and responsibilities of the primary and support agencies involved in implementation of activities.
Lastly is a preface containing additional pertinent information such as authorities, agreements, clarified description of hazards that could affect local and plant emergencies. Residents and city leaders alike believe that a new chemical plant department being set up will need a new fire station to ensure their safety and quick response times to local and plant emergencies The overall objective of this fire emergency response program will be to provide capability for stabilization and recovery within least time possible of the disaster where other implemented governmental services may be unable to respond to all requests.
In line with BillericaNew on Fire Department Management Study in , 16th October 1997, Preparedness for mutually assistance immediately after a disaster not only saves lives and property but also emergency services can focus on responding to the most devastated areas. This program places a great deal of emphasis on organization, team operations and information gathering. These details are necessary because emergency response procedures are unfamiliar to most people, and only occasionally practiced.
Underlying it all though, is the primary objective of assisting neighbors. Capital Requirements Ideally, all fire emergency departments should be located at a facility, which has emergency power (e. g. generator), telephone, fax machine, television, copy machine, and computer with internet/email access. Additionally, there should be kits with emergency supplies, such as an AM/FM radio and batteries, flashlights, identification tags, first aid kit, clipboards, pens, paper, neighborhood maps and a neighborhood information book.
A supply of operational forms should be included, such as personnel check-in forms, damage and injury tally forms, incident status, and team assignment record. Getting information during an emergency situation is vital and radios and telephones provide the quickest means. The radio communication should always have backup. Teams need to develop a comprehensive understanding of the emergency situation throughout the new company and its neighborhood so as to be able to guide or provide disaster situation information to outsourced teams in cases of emergencies.
Special doctors and medical facility are other extra requirements. Budget Source for income With relation to preliminary report on fire- rescue needs and funding plan, there is need for a list of alternative measures since this is an expansion project without any dependable excess funds from the current budget. The budget is a master plan that gives the relevant costs to implement the fire rescue station. It is a review of costs associated with fulfilling the present and anticipated future needs as well as an analysis of potential sources of new revenue to fund expenditures.
Funding of the fire departments are mainly from government trough the public safety bonds and levies. The categories with apparent need for funding include but not limited to personnel, communications, IT, supplies and services, equipment, fleet, facilities and emergency preparedness/homeland security. (Veasey, 2006) One way of getting funds for the new plant would be to reduce expenditure so as to have extra monies from the current budget. This requires balancing of the budget afresh though the various departments’ operating needs.
Many companies have been able to moderate their budgets’ proposals by reduction of unmet needs. Departments are able to do this by identifying which needs were essential and which were fulfilled in previous budgets to update and markup on the present budget then eliminate miscellaneous. Such companies such as fire rescue teams should also earmark specific funds for fire-rescue and not just General Emergency Fund, then push for immediate updating of laws for allocation of the funds by the government though quantification on the urgent needs of any new department.
In such cases suggestions or initiation from the units themselves on way to evaluating the performance of such fire departments to determine the efficiency is very important. This helps to catalyze of implementation with the aim of showing how the area suffers from serious reduction of service levels and has serious gaps in coverage with inadequate number of fire stations, engines, trucks and staffing. The research ought to indicate the very few measurable objectives regarding response coverage and lack of a comprehensive plan to improve on this or lack of objectives to capture qualitative data relative to measuring performance effectiveness
The City Council ought to use a combination of financing options to address the growing needs of Public Safety departments, which consist of bond and financing mechanisms, new and/or increased taxes, increases to the existing property transfer tax and the Transient Occupancy Tax. The new budget is written with the new project inclusive. Another method that companies use is to apply for community development funds from the government over and above getting involved in grants to solicit for funds and other fund raising activities.
In some communities some charges are usually zero rated such as charges for residential refuse collection where community members and company employees can get involved in so as they are able to collect the charges and fund development projects budgets. Some of the requirements for a starting company include:- ? Operation trade license from the council. ? Registration for all statutory requirements that include security and hospital funds. ? Insurance to covers for say theft and fire. ? Good advertisements and good promotion strategies. ? Information and Telecommunications facilities.
The overall goal of public relations is to enhance communication between those affected by the disaster and the rescuers and also develop good rapport with community in general. Good public relations develop a self-sufficient neighborhood during times of fire disaster. Preparedness efforts by the department must focus on individuals and families in their homes. According to Birr on ‘Public and Media Relations for the Fire Service’ in 1999, a city whose population is prepared sees a significant reduction in the need for fire and rescue support.
All individuals should be prepared to be self sufficient after a disaster. Additional information on individuals and family preparedness can be obtained from the fire departments. Neighborhoods must be prepared to care for themselves if necessary during this critical time period. An organized neighborhood will know what to do in an organized, timely response therefore consequently saving lives. A company ought to have an emergency preparedness committee to facilitate development of community and neighborhood based volunteers into a cadre of organized partners who can come together during a disaster.
These are people who are responsible for coordination and development of the cluster emergency preparedness plan, registration of residents who wish to actively participate in the neighborhood or condominium/apartment program, pre-identify neighbors and residents who have special skills and resources that can be shared within the neighborhood in times of disaster, organize a system of block or neighborhood captains or teams with leaders to disseminate urgent disaster information lastly inclusion of membership among volunteer groups, community service groups, faith-based motivates volunteerism.
(Birr, 1999) In accordance with Birr in 1999 “Knowledge will forever govern ignorance. And a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power knowledge gives. A popular government without proper information or the means of acquiring it is but a prologue to a farce, or a tragedy, or perhaps both”. Training The fire emergency services personnel should be the best resources in an emergency training program since they are trained and equipped to handle emergency situations.
Training is designed to prepare individuals to help themselves, their family, and their neighbors in the event of a catastrophic disaster because the emergency services personnel may not be able to help everyone immediately, citizens can make a difference by using the free training to save lives and protect property. This training ought to covers important basic skills. Response With regards to response, the fire department should encourage and help to come up with community emergency response teams or programs with basic personal safety gear such as flashlight, whistle, fast aid kits, gloves and water kits.
The fire department P Public relations team should teach them how to locate and care for the injured and provide basic first aid. Secondly is to perform rescues within their ability, some basic concepts/knowledge concerning gas and electric utilities come in hand. Lastly is on how to communicate and direct outside assistance on damages and access points. NFPA Standards Technical rescue standards National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) advocates for consensus codes and standards and provides research and guidelines. The development plan has to address the standards applying to the technical rescue efforts.
In line with Veasey on ‘Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response’ in 2006, the scope of this standard is on the establishment on levels of functional capable for conducting operations at technical search and rescue incidents at minimal threats to rescuers of the organization or company. Secondly they are for enhancing jurisdiction to authority, this are the standards that identifies and establishes the levels of functional capabilities. It assists the decision making personnel for an organization to assess preparation and response in readiness for a rescue mission, who may include risk management or personnel training.
Thirdly are the standards which are a guideline for a company to train and operate at the desired response capability level where the equipments and resources such as trained personnel, are the key assessment points. Fourthly are the standards that addresses rescue technicians’ professional qualifications where the minimum job performance requirements necessary for the department are stated to assure skill proficiency where the skills are demonstrated. Lastly are the standards that address the type of clothing and equipments to be used during rescue missions with close reference to design, performance testing and certification.
Hazmat Plan This is a plan that creates security awareness especially among employees who must be trained on use of hazardous materials such as explosives or radioactive materials to hasten awareness of security risks associated with a component. The employee must receive security awareness training within 90 days after employment and recurrent training done at three year interval to cater for these materials dynamisms. The training includes company security objectives, specific security procedures, employee responsibilities or action to take in the event of a security breach, and the organization’s security structure.
The training conducted by employers ought to comply with security training programs required by other Federal or international agencies satisfaction and proper standardization. (Kramer and Bahme, 1992) The plan must address measures to reduce the assessed risk that unauthorized persons may gain access to, must be in writing and should be retained for as long as it remains in effect. Copies of the plan or its applicable sections must be available to the employees who are responsible for implementing it and it should be revised and updated as necessary to reflect changing circumstances.
Inline with the Hazmat standards the new department will ensure the staffs have the eminent understanding of hazardous substances and the risks associated with them in an emergency. Secondly it will ascertain understanding of the potential outcomes associated with an emergency created when hazardous substances are present. Thirdly is that they should be able to recognize the presence of hazardous substances in an emergency setting, understand their role including site security and control.
Lastly is their ability to realize the need for additional resources and to provide good information to the communication center. Staffing plan According to Kelly and Becker ‘Community Planning’ in 2000, “staffing plan is a policy to implement an approach to establish specific staffing levels for emergency services, including plans for vacations, sickness, absence and training factored in, that generally maintains a predictable and consistent staffing level per station to ensure that the safety needs of the service providers and public are met with an appropriate and timely level of service”
A good plan should have special specific recommendation to include in its policy statements a determination that indicates a minimum level of staffing per fire station per shift. At least two firefighters and one supervisor per station per shift are reasonable. It includes overall staffing, promotions procedures and the supervisor to firefighter’s ratio.
In line with Kelly and Becker in 2000, a plan ought to have “twenty or more full-time employees to cover all shifts allowing for minimal vacation and sick leave and assuming a low cost of $ 25,000 per person per year for salary and benefits with a personnel cost alone of more than $ 500,000 per year. ” Conclusion Major cities have not been able to keep pace with growth in terms of important infrastructure, capital improvements projects, staffing and other critical resources such as reliable fire departments.
As a result people suffer from serious reduction on service levels, big gaps in coverage because of inadequate number of fire stations, engines, trucks and staffing, lack of measurable objectives or comprehensive plans regarding response and emergency coverage and principally to say is lack of objectives in place to capture qualitative data relative to measuring performance effectiveness and enhancing growth. The fire rescue departments need to identify measurable fire service objectives and strive to achieve National Protection Association Standards.
Additionally, there is need for assets to be added to the department responding to fire risks, need for increase in fire departments especially in areas assessed and necessity identified and lastly is the need to address the gaps in service levels. The council needs to develop a comprehensive, prioritized list of fire stations, staffing, engines, trucks and other apparatus and equipment to ensure appropriate service levels citywide. References: Veasey A, (2006), Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response. Wiley-Interscience publishers, P. 24. Kelly E and Becker B, (2000), Community Planning: An Introduction to the Comprehensive
Plan. Island Press publishers, P. 165 Stenberg C and Austin S, (2006), Managing Local Government Services: a Practical Guide ICMA Press, publishers, P. 426 Kramer W and Bahme C, (1992), Fire Officer’s Guide to Disaster Control PennWell Books publishers, P. 421 Birr T, (1999), Public and Media Relations for the Fire Service, PennWell Books publishers, P. p. 1-18. BillericaNews, (1997, October 16), Fire Department Management Study Committee, Town of Billerica, Massachusetts retrieved 9th December 2008 from: http://www. billericanews. com/home. htm