Over the last decade there has been many floods in Queensland, of which many have been destructive. These floods have destroyed homes, towns, and many agricultural farms and resources. Statistics say parts of Queensland and New South Wales experienced record-breaking heavy rainfall, with a daily rainfall of more than 400 millimeters in many locations. How and why have these floods been so destructive compared to other years Is it climate change.Is this because of human impact to the world and the climate Or is it just a natural disaster In recent years Queensland has experienced many floods and disasters. Many have been quite disastrous, but not like the recent floods this year. All weather is influenced by climate change. The climate system is warmer and moister than it was 50 years ago, and this influences the nature, impact and intensity of extreme weather events. This may be because of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which traps some heat from the sun, therefore more evaporation takes place. All of the extreme weather events of the angry summer occurred in a climate system that has vastly more heat compared to 50 years ago. That means that they were all influenced to some extent by a climate that is fundamentally shifting.
The average temperature in Australia has risen by 0.9 degrees since 1910. Scientists predict that in the next 100 years, the temperatures will increase by about two to three degrees. This is happening all around the world, so there will be many consequences of the rising global temperatures. The rainfall has been heavy in many areas. The heaviest around Tully where approximately 1,000 mm (39 in) of rain fell, with 632 mm (24.9 in) falling over 48 hours. The town of Ingham was completely cut off due to high waters. All throughout the Bundaberg region there were tornados destroying homes and power lines. The tornados injured 17 people. No lives were lost. The Burnett River reached a new recorded high of 9.53 meters (31.3 ft) on 29 January. More than 7,500 residents of Bundaberg were forced to evacuate from about 2,000 homes as the rivers waters rose. By this point and time 4 lives were lost. On the 29 January, the floods had claimed the lives of four people, including a three-year-old boy who died after being crushed by a falling tree. On 28 January, the body of a man who was swept away by floodwaters was found. In that same area two male bodies were found dead on a river bank because they tried to walk across the river, and got swept away.
Why is there more flooding compared to other years in the Queensland area Flooded 2013New york times The way to stop these natural disasters is to be prepared in advance. In Australia and around the world we need to take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Over the last six years, there have been major investments made in climate independent water supplies and other measures to help drought-proof most of Australias capital cities. These have included a number of desalination and advanced water treatment/recycling plants, but also the construction of large water supply networks linking different water sources and users across a whole region i.e. Queensland and New South Wales. Sydney also has a purification program (desalination process) that provides Sydney with 17 of its water when it is working. In the south east of Queensland one of the largest such systems has been constructed in South East Queensland, where the 250km-long water distribution grid now connects all major water treatment plants, including the Tugun desalination plant, with over 2 million users in the entire region from the Gold Coast to Noosa.
It also comes in handy when it comes to droughts.The use of this is to provide water to the region when there is no water available through the natural ways of the lake that provides Brisbane with is main source of water. For Queensland, the cost of the flood disasters to government coffers since 2011 is in the order of 15 billion. Queensland has already invested in an adaption strategy, and adaptation research, including with NCCARF. The critical step now is to ensure the momentum of the disaster response translates into long-term planning and investment. Overall the government of Australia is planning to make sure that something of this magnitude will never happen again. By Mitchell Dickins POLLUTION IS A MAIN CAUSE OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT
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