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FEMA Essay Topics & Paper Examples

What is FEMA

The organization that existed before FEMA, the FDAA, was largely ineffective as there were large problems of cooperation and too much local authority where state responders could impede federal decisions. In response to pressure, Jimmy Carter created FEMA in 1978, which absorbed the Federal Insurance Administration, the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration, the National Weather Service Community Preparedness Program, the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General Services Administration and the Federal Disaster Assistance Administration activities from HUD (FEMA, 2008) FEMA was also given powers of oversight or supervision of the nation’s Civil Defence, a function which had belonged to the Department of Defence’s Defence Civil Preparedness Agency. Response-based approach forged from WWII and Cold War policy focused entirely on…