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Federal Essay Topics & Paper Examples

The Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve System was founded in the year 1913 and is considered the central bank of the United States. The purpose of the Federal Reserve is to provide the country with a more stable, safer, and flexible monetary and financial system. The country witnessed severe financial crisis in the late nineteenth century that had affected the banking and financial institutions considerably weakening the economy to a great degree. Businesses were hampered and this prompted the Congress to establish the National Monetary Commission that proposed the creation of an institution that would help prevent and control financial crisis of this nature in future. The Federal Reserve Act was passed and on 23rd December 1913 President Woodrow Wilson signed the act…

Federal Poverty Lines

The common issue concerning the annual Federal poverty levels that are universal for all the lower forth eight states are that the poverty level measures are limited. In other words, the poverty thresholds doesn’t represent a budget for basic necessities of life nor it addresses the supplementary amount  to allow for other basic needs such as household supplies, person care, etc(Madden, 182). Also, the federal poverty lines by family size do not use consumer expenditure data and it is not updates. It is not adjusted by family types and geographical differences in housing concepts. Problems with Absolute Federal Poverty Level Absolute federal poverty level is enumerates the numeral value of people below poverty threshold which does not depend on time…

The federal government

Before the Civil War, the only significant contact that most Americans had with the federal government was through the postal service. By the 1990s, the federal government was a vast bureaucracy. Many changes preceded this development and many leaders of the US were great contributors to the course the changes took. The federal government has indeed gone through many changes. Abraham Lincoln has been celebrated as one of the best leaders America has ever had. In his annual speech to the congress in 1863, he confirmed the abolition of slave and put an end to inhumane suffering of foreigners especially in the hands of American forces. This was in deed a very important period in the history of America. The…

Understanding Federalism Based on the Section: Picket-Fence Federalism

Give your own interpretation of picket-fence federalism.List and explain at least three strategies states used to respond to welfare reform following the implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996. Relate your answer specifically to state discretionary rule-making and changes in the categorization of case studies.My understanding of Picket fence federalism is all levels of the federal government working together to get things done. This is a type of creative federalism created so that federal and state can become more interdependent on one another. The federal government contributes to the picket fence theory by providing grant money to the states so that they can fix problem areas. The targeted areas of focus were fields of healthcare, welfare,…

Edward Snowden

One of the biggest leaks in U. S happened this month. Edward Joseph Snowden leaked information about the government and and they are, a former technical contractor and CIA employee who worked for Booz Allen Hamilton a contractor for the NSA, before leaking details of classified NSA mass surveillance programs to the press. Snowden shared classified material on a variety of top-secret NSA programs, including the interception of US telephone metadata and the PRISM surveillance program, primarily with Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian, which published a series of exposes based on Snowden’s disclosures in June 2013. Snowden said the leaks were an effort “to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is…

European Union and the Growth and Stability

Since its external crisis of the early nineties, India has witnessed a turnaround on most indicators of macro-economic performance. The process of economic reform, including widespread liberalization and reduction in protectionism, launched in 1991, and steadily pursued thereafter has yielded positive results by eliminating some longstanding structural rigidities, and created potential for higher growth. Over the last decade or so India has made transition from an onerous trade regime to a market-friendly system encompassing both trade and current payments. Despite a decade of economic reform, there is still persistence of huge fiscal and revenue deficit thereby widening the gap between revenue and expenditure, forcing the political thinkers to enact a law for fiscal correction and ultimately during 2003-04, the Fiscal…

 Tablets versus Textbooks

One in three adults own a tablet. As tablets are becoming more and more common a new debate has formed over whether K-12 school districts should switch from print textbooks to digital textbooks on tablets. The first benefit of digital textbooks is that students will have new information at their fingertips. The second benefit is that high level education prefers tablets. The negative about having a tablet is that many people don’t have wi-fi. As you can see, the benefits out-weigh the negatives by far and there really should be no debate. On a tablet e-textbooks can be updated instantly to get new editions or information. Schools will not have to constantly buy new copies, which few public schools buy…

Federal government of the United States

1. What level of government do you think should be in charge of security from foreign enemies? Write a paragraph explaining why this level of government is most appropriate. Answer: The Federal Government should be in charge of security from foreign countries. The Federal Government is much better at protecting the whole country against our enemies rather than every single state in our country having to protect themselves. Some states are larger than others, some have more money and some are small and don’t have much money which could limit their recourses in the case of an invasion from another country. If each state stood alone to have to fight off a country without the help of anyone else and…

Efforts to Reduce the Budget Deficit

In view of these possible surprises, fiscal adjustment plans must thus be designed in a way that makes them sufficiently flexible to accommodate the impact of shocks, but also sufficiently resilient so as to preserve their medium-term fiscal consolidation objectives even when the underlying economic environment turns out differently than initially expected, Mauro (2011). According to Amacher & Pate (2012), between 1980 and 1993, budget deficits grew steadily in dollar terms, and the size of the national debt tripled. Since 2003, the public debt has grown by more than $500 billion each year; as of July 2012, nominal U.S. GDP was $15,880 billion. The most striking change, however, was in the ratio of debt to GDP. That ratio reached a…

Roles and Functions of Law Paper

After reading the case brief and other material, I understand that the Supreme Court’s decision case shows that the preemption power of congress is to set up the laws at the states that has made to protect the public. In this paper I will be discussing the rules that effect all the states and people’s rights. Another matter that I will be discussing is reviewing the congress decisions about preempting state law for the tobacco industries which the government has supreme rule over the land which in this case protects all tobacco industries. Federal laws are rules by the Supreme Court whichever rules the start when the laws become conflicted. In the case of Cipollone verses liggett Group. Inc. it…