Fannie Lou Hamer, known as Fannie Lou Townsend Hamer was born on the date of October 6, 1917 Montgomery County on a plantation, Mississippi and during the time she has lived she has accomplished many beneficial things for the black African American ethnic group in America. Due to heart failure Hamer died at Mound Bayou Hospital, Mississippi March 14, 1997, at the age of 59. Fannie Lou Hamer was later buried in her hometown Ruleville, Mississippi.
Hamer the youngest of the 20 siblings she had, she went to school in a segregated part of Mississippi, Fannie drop out of school in grade six due to lack of funds from her parents, she drop out and started to work as a child of a sharecropping family. At the age of ten Fannie was picking as much cotton in the fields as adult, impressing the master, she was given the title TimeKeeper. As time progressed she began to commit her to sing to calm down her people after KKK, protest, shooting, or riots.
She was known to sing her heart out, and sing like there is no tomorrow. Fannie Lou married Perry “Pap” Hamer in 1942 inheriting the sir name Hamer through marriage. Later adopting two children because due to sterilization by a white doctor to slow down the population growth of black people. In 1962, Mrs. Hamer decided she wanted to try to register to vote after attending a SNCC voter registration meeting at William Chapel Church in Ruleville, MS pastored by the late Rev. J. D. Hamer was the first volunteer, she said “The only thing they could do was kill me, and it kinda seemed liked they’d been trying to do that little bit at a time since I could remember”. From the time she volunteer to register, news went to her master about registration, upon returning home she was forced to move out because she wouldn’t take her name off of registration. Mrs. Hamer had moved in with the tucker after being kicked from the plantation she resided at ever since she was a little girl.
While at the tucker home sixteen shots were fired into The Tuckers home were Fannie slept. God had already told me to move on, so I wasn’t there that night,” Fannie said. After this incident she traveled on a rented with other participants to Indianola, Mississippi to register. While on this Bus she would always sing the following songs to keep the groups spirits up, Go tell it on the mountain and this little light of mine. Hamer leadership was being noticed around the Southern areas of the US, she was recognized by McLaurin and was recruited into his team, and continued to do activist work for varies organizations.
While Hamer was on her way back from an organization in South Carolina, her and other activists were stopped in Winona, Mississippi, the group consisted of Fannie Lou Hamer, June E. Johnson, James West, Euvester Simpson, Annelle Ponder and others were jailed for false charges. Under these false charges Hamer and the group was beaten badly, but her passion for people and determination to bring about change, lead to the creation of The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party “We Will Not Accept the Compromise”.
Mrs. Hamer was now feared and had big impacts of on people, she was jailed and couldn’t make trips, and her televised convention was interrupted by the many people. Even though thing didn’t always go as planned Fannie Lou Townsend Hamer made effort to get rights for the black African American people. She could not continue due to heart failure and breast cancer, after death she was reward for her bravery and kindness to the ethnic group she loved so much, she will always be remembered.