THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
1.1 Introduction and Background of the Study
Based on latest Census of Population and Housing, which was conducted last May 1 2010, the household population of the Philippines reached 92,097,978. From this number, the total population of City of Muntinlupa, Barangay Tunasan is 51,033.
Family works together and how well it can organize itself against potential threats depends its structure (who its members are) and its function (the activities or roles family members carry out). (Crea, Barth, & Chintapalli, 2007).
Pregnancy is such a huge change in a woman’s life that is brings about more psychological changes than any other life event besides puberty (Rojas, Wood, & Blakemore, 2007). A woman’s attitude toward a pregnancy depends a great deal on psychological aspects such as the environment in which she was raised, the messages about pregnancy her family communication and others. (Darby, 2007). For many families, the stage at which children leave to establish their own households is the most difficult stage because it appears as like breaking up the family. This stage may represent a loss of self-esteem for parents, who feel themselves being replaced by other people in their children’s live. As well as the feelings of siblings, they feel some jealousy and less able to cope up.
To support the statement above, a nurse can serve as an important counselor to such as family. He or she who is planning to have an own family is what they have spent a long time preparing them to do, or that leaving the home is positive, not a negative, step in family growth.
Muntinlupa City is composed of 9 Barangays and one of these is, Barangay Tunasan, with an estimated land area of 950 hectares, a population of more or less 75,000 inhabitants residing in the barrio proper and in different Subdivision, Puroks and Sitios. It has 13 Subdivisions and Villages, 7 Puroks and 12 Sitios and 1 Industrial Complex, housing 25 factories and business establishments.
With that, the focus of this study is to determine how the families adapt to pregnancy considering that based on a study, the chosen community which is the barrio proper, found out that there are insufficiencies in their Health Center and medical supplies are inadequate.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The study aims to answer the following questions:
1) What is the demographic profile of respondents when grouped according to:
c. Educational attainment
2) What is the type of family adaptation of respondents as to:
a. Type of Family
b. Family Finances
d. Spiritual Growth
e. Emotional Support
f. Level of coping
g. Stress Management
3) Is there a significant relationship between the demographic profile variables and the concept of family adaptation of the respondents when grouped according to:
c. Educational attainment
Ho1: there is no significant relationship between gender of the respondents and the concept of family adaptation on pregnancy Ho2: there is no significant relationship between religion of the respondents and the concept of family adaptation on pregnancy Ho3: there is no significant relationship between educational attainment of the respondents and the concept of family adaptation on pregnancy
1.4 Significance of the study
Community: In the chosen community, the study will serve as a guide to the family on how to adapt on pregnancy and for the Barangay Health Workers to be able to assist the family and have a deeper understanding to the said program and do appropriate health actions in line with the perceived adaptation on pregnancy. Nursing Students: this study will help students understand on how the family adapts to pregnancy and for them to apply their skills and knowledge, to be able to carry out appropriate interventions utilizing the nursing process.
School of Nursing: this study will serve as basis for improvements and enhancement of teaching content for the family Future Researchers: this study will serve as a guide and reference and baseline information to further develop studies. The study can also open in development of the study. Participants: this study will help participants to improve their health promoting behaviors according to the least frequent healthy behavior. Researcher: this study will help the researcher gain knowledge on how to properly make a research paper according to its process. 1.5 Objectives of the study
Main purpose: The study is aim towards describing the family adaptation on pregnancy.
Specifically, it is aimed to:
1) determine the demographic profile of the respondents 2) determine the type of family adaptation on pregnancy of the respondents 3) determine the significant relationship between the demographic profile variables of the respondents and their adaptation to pregnancy
1.6 Scope Delimitation and Limitations of the Study
This study is focus on the adaptation among selected families living in Barangay Tunasan, Arandia Street, Muntinlupa City. As subjects of this study, complete enumeration was utilized according to the criterion. Family with ages 18 and above living in Barangay Tunasan, Muntinlupa City regardless of their gender and socio-economic status.
This study is limited only on assessment of the family adaptation on pregnancy of families of the chosen community. The study does not cover interventions to be given whether the result showed need to improve their adaptation on pregnancy.