Write a well-organized, well-developed explanatory synthesis essay of AT LEAST (3) three pages in which you use three or more sources to convey information about your topic; it does not provide for the writer’s opinion on the topic. Beginning your essay and focusing your purpose and thesis:
Your textbook authors note that “in the explanatory synthesis, writers divide a subject into its component parts and present them to the reader in a clear and orderly fashion. You will present the facts objectively, without judgment, to help your readers better understand the topic. Your purpose is to use your sources to inform your readers. The difference between a purpose and a thesis is a difference primarily of focus. The purpose provides direction to your research and focus to you paper. Your thesis sharpens this
focus by narrowing it and formulating it in the words of a single declarative statement. In developing a thesis for your explanatory synthesis, base your thesis on an idea that is clearly supported in all of your sources. In the explanatory thesis, you are not looking for controversy; rather, you are looking for clarity and illumination.”
In a paper of this length, your introduction should be no more than two paragraphs long.
**Remember, ALL QUOTATIONS must be introduced with and linked to your own words, using rules of attribution and punctuation.
This writing project will involve:
1) Choosing a combination of the articles or essays we read together in class or were assigned in your syllabus, 2) Annotating and taking notes on the articles or essays,
3) Prewriting to develop your own point of view, purpose, and thesis, 4) Drafting the essay as an explanatory synthesis, incorporating the text of the articles, essays, personal experience/interviews, and at LEAST THREE researched sources, 5) Creating an interesting title and thesis statement,
6) Coherently and correctly incorporating quotations from the articles, essays, and personal experiences/interview sources, 7) Showing knowledge of stylistic guidelines for quoting text from articles, essays, interviews, etc., 8) Using examples and illustrations from your own life experience or observations or interviews of family/friends to support your argument, IF APPLICABLE and RELEVANT to development. (There is nothing wrong with a mixture of personal and academic analysis IF you can maintain a consistent structure and voice.) 9) Writing a correctly formatted Works Cited page in MLA format.
1. Convincing and well-organized essay that balances your analysis and
selection of essays and research used to support the claim you are arguing and how it impacts individuals/society (positively or negatively) in some way—and appropriate choice of text selections to use as evidence to support thesis, 2. Focused and thoughtful THESIS that can be followed throughout the essay, 3. Appropriately-introduced quotations (from essays, research, and personal experiences/family-friend interviews), 4. Coherence (smooth flow within paragraphs and ease of movement from one paragraph to the next) 5. Ability to REASONABLY address the consumer culture and identity formation aspects of Malls and their impact on society, 6. Sufficiently-developed body paragraphs that do not leave the reader asking questions. (SHOW your reader evidence to support your interpretation of the social impact you found in selected essays, your personal experience(s), and research). 7. Clearly-identifiable topic sentences that forecast the contents of each body paragraph, 8. Wrap-up sentences that provide closure for each body paragraph, 9. Precise, concise, and interesting choice of words appropriate to college-level academic writing, 10. Command of sentence boundaries, comma usage, subject-verb agreement, pronoun reference, and pronoun-antecedent agreement, 11. Accurate and correctly-formatted Works Cited page including at LEAST 3 outside academic sources. (You should have at least 4 sources on your Works Cited Page, including at least one essay from the text book and three outside articles.)
PREWRITING (Adapted from Behrens and Rosen):
1. Take three articles/essays of interest from the textbook or online. Summarize (in 4-6 sentences) the key points of each article/essay (on a separate page to turn in with your final essay). 2. Consider your purpose in writing.
3. Select and carefully read your sources.
4. Formulate a thesis.
5. Decide how you will use your source material.
6. Develop an organizational plan, using your thesis as a guide. 7. Draft the topic sentences for the main sections.
8. Write the first draft of your synthesis.
9. Document your sources.
Make an appointment with an ASC writing tutor—focus on thesis statement and development of your explanatory synthesis essay. Please make an appointment to meet with me if you have any questions.
ASC Tutor: ___________________________________________ DATE: ___________________
Writing Session Focus: ___________________________________________________________
http://wps.ablongman.com/long_behrens_saw_2/0,9461,1522794-,00.html From: Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum—English 1301
What is a Synthesis?
A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on two or more sources. In writing a synthesis, you infer relationships between sources, both written and non-written. In academic synthesis, you make explicit the relationships that you have inferred among separate sources. Your synthesis will consist of three parts: • A summary of the source
• A judgment or evaluation of the source
• A determination of the relationship between your sources In writing a synthesis, you will need to choose your sources carefully, drawing relationships based on the purpose of your essay. For example, one assignment might ask you to draw a cause-and-effect relationship between two sources, another might ask you to argue a proposition, and yet another might ask you to compare and contrast. Keep your purpose clearly in mind. Your purpose determines which sources you research, which ones you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in the essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to one another. Types of Synthesis
As discussed previously in Chapter 1, any writing may have a multitude of overlapping writing strategies. In other words, an explanatory essay could include elements of entertainment and persuasion. However, when discussing purpose and synthesis we will be referring to the work’s primary purpose, which means, though it may include other writing strategies, its focal point will be what we assess. The two types of synthesis discussed in this text are the explanatory synthesis (discussed in Chapter 4) and the argument synthesis (discussed in Chapter 5). The explanatory synthesis uses two or more sources to convey information about a given topic; it does not provide for the writer’s opinion on the topic. The argument synthesis also uses two or more sources; however, its primary purpose is to convey an opinion or interpretation of these sources, not merely a presentation of them. How to Write Syntheses
Although all writing is recursive in nature, here are a few guidelines to follow that will help you organize and write your synthesis paper: • Consider your purpose in writing.
• Select and carefully read your sources.
• Formulate a thesis.
• Decide how you will use your source material.
• Develop an organizational plan, using your thesis as a guide. • Draft the topic sentences for the main sections.
• Write the first draft of your synthesis.
• Document your sources.
• Revise your synthesis.
The Explanatory Synthesis
In the explanatory synthesis, writers divide a subject into its component parts and present them to the reader in a clear and orderly fashion. You will present the facts objectively, without judgment, to help your readers better understand the topic. Your purpose is to use your sources to inform your readers. The difference between a purpose and a thesis is a difference primarily of focus. The purpose provides direction to your research and focus to you paper. Your thesis sharpens this focus by narrowing it and formulating it in the words of a single declarative statement. In developing a thesis for your explanatory synthesis, base your thesis on an idea that is
clearly supported in all of your sources. In the explanatory thesis, you are not looking for controversy; rather, you are looking for clarity and illumination. In doing research, you will want to summarize your sources, but you will not use all of the information in every summary. Keep your thesis and purpose clearly in mind and use the information in your sources that best helps you achieve your purpose. Writing brief notes in the margins, underlining key words and phrases, and taking notes that directly relate your thesis will help you better incorporate your sources into your essay. In developing an organizational plan (your map for presenting the information to the reader) study your thesis. Does its content and structure suggest an organizational plan? You can use the thesis to sketch several rough outlines, thinking carefully about the logical order of your points. Decide what information your reader needs to understand the issue or problem. Decide what the readers need to understand first before they can move through your text. Then order your synthesis according to a structure that is consistent. Build on each section and lead your readers to your next point. Although an optional point, it is a good idea to draft versions of topic sentences for each main point your thesis identified in its organizational plan. This step can help you more easily organize your draft and help limit future global revisions. With such determined efforts put into your research, critical reading, planning, and outlining, you should find that your rough draft flows rather easily and will be ready for the revision strategies to follow.
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