Akkad was an ancient city around which the Akkadian empire was built. The empire was in the region of the ancient Iraq. The ancient Akkadian empire paved way for the great civilizations of Babylonia and Assyria. These civilizations were formed with the mixing of the Akkadian people with the Sumerians. (Liverani, 2003) Sargon Sargon was the first ruler of Agade dynasty, the ruler of the Akkadian empire. He ruled from 2334-2279 B. C. He was a great conqueror and captured the lands from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. According to the legends, Sargon in his infancy was flown in the river Euphrates.
A gardener rescued the basket from the river. In his youth he served the king Ur-Zababa who ruled Kish. When the king of Mesopotamia, Lugulzaggesi attacked Kish, the king fled and Sargon led the army to the battle. After a devastating fight Lugulzaggesi suurendered to Sargon. Sargon soon went on to become the king of Kish and captured many other cities. (Gill, n. d. ) Christian Mythos The holy book of the Christians- the Bible has rich reference of Babylonia. Babylonia is known as the place which housed the Tower of Babel. The Bible also has the reference of the conquest of Judah by the Babylonians.
The Babylonians evolved from the confluence of the Akkadian and the Sumerian culture. The empire of Babylonia emerged as the third greatest empire in the region after the Sumerians and Agade dynasty. Sargon was the founder of the Agade dynasty and thus has a great hand in the evolution of the Babylonian empire. (The Blood hero mythos, n. d. ) The Rise of Rome After the fall of the Agade Empire, the evolution of the Babylonian kingdom started. The Babylonian empire became very rich with the help of the able kings like Gilgamesh and Hamurrabi.
The culture developed simultaneously. The Epic of Gilgamesh was one of the most widely known texts in the ancient world. The Babylonians were the first to use astronomy and they devised the first perfect calendar. Their irrigational facilities were developed as well. The Babylonians add contacts with the neighboring states and influenced the culture of those states. Most of the inventions of the Empire like astronomy, calendar, irrigational ideas etc went to Europe and influenced the development of the civilization there.
The rise of the Roman Empire had a lot to do with the Babylonian Empire as many inventions were incorporated in the new Empire. (Lendering, n. d. ) The Hero The life of Sargon attracted mythos. One of his inscriptions say as follows: “Sargon, the mighty king, King of Agade, am I. My mother was a vestal, my father I knew not, while my father’s brother dwelt in the mountains. In my city Azuripani, which is situated on the bank of the Euphrates, my mother, the vestal, bore me. In a hidden place she brought me forth.
She laid me in a vessel made of reeds, closed my door with pitch, and dropped me down into the river, which did not drown me. The river carried me to Akki, the water carrier. Akki the water carrier lifted me up in the kindness of his heart, Akki the water carrier raised me as his own son, Akki the water carrier made of me his gardener. In my work as a gardener I was beloved by Ishtar, I became the king, and for forty-five years I held kingly sway. ” (Rank, 1914). There was a myth surrounding the king and that has influenced his growth in the minds of the people.
This proves that the culture worships the common man who rises to fame overcoming all the hurdles of life. The use of the Akkadians underlines the fact that the society worships people who fight for justice and are warriors in the true sense of term. The warriors fought for their country, fought against any evil and fought for justice. The Akkadians are used as such warriors in film like “The Scorpion King”. The society is encouraged by the sight of these warriors and they think that they are the true heroes of the world. References: Liverani, M. (2003).
Akkad: The First World Empire. Sargon Publishers. Gill, N. (n. d. ). Sargon. About. Com. Retrieved on 23rd August, 2010 at: http://ancienthistory. about. com/od/nemonarchs/g/Sargon. htm The Blood Hero Mythos. (n. d. ). Madeleine Drake. Retrieved on 23rd August, 2010 at: http://maenad. tripod. com/mdrake/bhmyth. htm Lendering, J. (n. d. ). Babylonia. Retrieved on 23rd August, 2010 at: http://www. livius. org/ba-bd/babylon/babylonia. html Rise, ). (1914). The Myth of the Birth of the Hero. Retrieved on 23rd August, 2010 at: http://ftp. fortunaty. net/com/sacred-texts/neu/mbh/mbh02. htm