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Evolution Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Divergent Evolution

Once upon a time there was a nuclear war that killed over 5billion people on earth. However because of the war the human race went through Divergent evolution , which is when two or more species live in different habitats but come from the same ancestral group. Therefore the human race was split into to very different species. The first species was selected for a mutation that allowed them to grow an immunity to the nuclear radiation and are to be referred to as mutants. For example, out of 100 of those humans only 12 were selected for the mutation of radiation immunity and because of that they repopulated among each other for many years so their offspring could also…

Evolution Theory

Darwin spent five years exploring the world. Darwin traveled to many places mainly in the Southern Hemisphere. As he traveled from place to place, Darwin was surprised, by the similarities between the species. He wrote in his journal of the Galapagos Islands, “…there is even a difference between the inhabitants of the different islands; yet all show a marked relationship with those of America, though separated from that continent by an open space of ocean, between 500 and 600 miles in width.” At this early stage of his life, along with graduating college Darwin soon began collecting evidence for his theory of Evolution and natural selection. While on his journey Darwin made many observations. They were mainly about the different…

Examination of the Role of Evolution Theory

In this paper I will briefly describe the evolutionary theory in general, and specifically as it relates to the study of criminology. I will examine the ways in which natural selection has shaped the processes which motivate human behavior, especially in terms of how competing for limited resources and ensuring that one’s genetic code is passed on are linked to aggressive behavior. Two crimes of which I have personal knowledge will be evaluated, with emphasis placed on the ways in which evolutionary theory may account for the aspects of criminal behavior in each. Finally, I will reflect on the ways in which evolutionary theory may help further our understanding of the causes and predictors of criminal behavior and whether it…

Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution

In the 1850s, Charles Darwin proposed his theory of evolution. His theory proposed that species evolved gradually through subtle changes from one generation to the next by means of natural selection. By natural selection, the most desirable hereditary traits become more common from one generation to the next while the less desirable, weaker traits die out. This gives rise to an organism that is more capable—fitted to—of surviving in the surrounding environment. At the time Darwin formulated his idea beginning with his trip on the HMS Beagle in the 1830s, some scientists resorted to the idea that God had preordained life by natural laws rather than by miraculous feats. While logical and correct, the idea still refers to a divine…

Early Homo

Science has explained human evolution and the existence of Homo sapiens uniquely from other hominas and greater apes. It is believed that Homo emerged from Australopithecus which existed 4. 2 Million years ago. They are believed to originate from Africa and build the scientific explanation of the origin of man. They had four main species Australopithecus Aphaeresis, Australopithecus Boise, Australopithecus Africanas, and Australopithecus Robusta. They are believed to be the ancestors of man. Behavior, technology, morphology, and climate hypothesized the emerging of early homo. Their body shape was more similar to that of the modern ape and the members of genus family. They stood about 1 to 1. 5 meters with a slightly larger brain than that of a chimpanzee….

Evolution and Creation: The Debate

Evolution theory is chiefly concerned with what, how and when things began to happen, while the creationist theory is chiefly concerned with who began the process of evolution and why. One axiom that remains common in both theories is that both of them do not deny that a non material cause was responsible for creation i. e. what and who part of the questions. In case of evolution it is the Big Bang, while evolutionist theories claim a super-natural being, many a times made just of nothingness (Shtulman and Schulz 1052). The theories of each side vary widely in the remaining places. Also one of the major problems with the debate itself is that each side does not agree with…

Evolution of white women in society

During the colonial chronology of the United States, many a historian pictured women as better situated than their more recent contemporaries (Mary Beth Norton, 1984). The value of women in the colonies was premised on the survival mode of the colonists during that time (Norton, 1984). To survive, both male and female were expected to pull their own weight in the community for the common good of the community (Norton, 1984). Due to this situation, the common lines of separation on the roles of women from the men were blurred greatly (Norton, 1984). As such, women in the colonies could engage in the activities that were also done by the men folk in the community (Norton, 1984). But what gave…

Evolution in Skyscraper’s Design

The term skyscraper in early times was commonly used in marine services to describe the high erected mast of a ship. This term was coined later to refer to storey buildings. Previously the term referred to very tall buildings of ten to twenty storeys but in the recent past the term now includes high-rises of forty to fifty storeys or even more. However, for a building to be termed as a skyscraper, it should be distinct from other surrounding buildings in its striking feature of high elevation and markedly affecting the normal view of skyline when looked across through its high rise due to its obstruction (Moudry, 2005 pp. 16-18). Evolution of skyscrapers Evolution of skyscrapers can be traced back…

Evolution as Fact & Theory` by Stephen Jay Gould

This article talks about evolution as it relates to science and religion, philosophically. Gould talks about the fact that the arguments for creationism and evolution have not changed much, the science and religion are the same. He links the recent debates opposing the theory of evolution as the result of right wing politics that has taken hold of today’s society and political world. Gould states that today’s politicians talk about “scientific creationism “as if it is based in science. The creationists also jump on the term “theory “when used by evolutionist as if theory implies proof of guesswork, “only theory”. Gould explains the term “theory” as a string of ideas and facts. He provides examples of widely accepted theories in…

My View on Evolution

The creation versus evolution debate is a recurring cultural, political, and theological dispute. As a result, Americans have spent a great deal of time in debate about the origins of the Earth, humanity, life, and the universe. Personally, I believe the world is billions of years old, and that all life on earth evolved. I will attempt to provide concrete facts, logical arguments, and solid evidence supporting my view on evolution. With that said, I will also share my personal intuitions and feelings that have led me to believe in evolution. Lastly, I will make a closing argument as to why you should support evolution as well based on the information presented in my paper. Logically, evolution makes sense to…

Social Darwinism

The Gilded Age (approximately 1870-1900) was a time when the gap between the very wealthy and the exceedingly poor was amplified. In addition to major concerns over political corruption and the expansion of cities, the labor movement, and the changing role of women—there was always the pervasive belief in the inferiority of races and civilizations—that people and nations were not equal. In our understanding of Social Darwinism, Charles Darwin’s (On The Origin of Species) natural selection theory of biological evolution, derived from the plant and animal kingdoms, was applied to society as a whole by Herbert Spencer (Sociology). In nature, plants, animals, and organisms adapt, change or die. When applied to individuals and business, there are “losers” because those best…

Promote the evolution

Experiment: John L. Fitzpatrick and his colleagues conducted an experiment regarding sperm competition through an examination of the sperm characteristics of 29 closely related cichlid species from Lake Tanganyika. This experiment is conducted to test and/or verify the sperm competition theory that sperm traits determined fertilization success. Reproductively active males are collected and analyzed. Sperm number, lengths, longevity and swimming speeds were measured. The researchers also used phylogenetic analyses to reconstruct the probable evolutionary route of sperm trait evolution in cichlids that leads to the evolution of faster sperm. Relationship between sperm speed and sperm size Results: With the use of phylogenetic analyses, the impacts of sperm competition to sperm traits were assessed. The directional test of trait evolution shows…

Evolution and the fossil record

Evolution is the continual process by which one form of life changes, or evolves, into another form. Some religious groups deny that evolution exists, but most scientists accept it as fact. The theory of evolution suggests that all plants and animals descended from one or several kinds of simple organisms. It also explains why there are so many different kinds of plants and animals (Stein 2006). The inherited characteristics of nearly all living things change from generation to generation. In most cases, this change is so gradual that it is noticeable only after many years. Eventually the accumulated changes may become so great that the descendant bears little likeness to its remote ancestor and may belong to a different species….

Evaluation of Evolutionary Theory of Altruism and the Role of Genes-a Modern View

Evolutionary theory holds that organisms with the strongest genes for survival and reproduction do, in fact, survive and reproduce most successfully. They thus multiply their genes most widely, spreading the advantageous genes through whole populations. Ceaseless repetitions of the process can gradually transform species into totally new ones. Such a world seems to have no place for self-sacrificing types, who presumably couldn’t spread their genes very far. Several competing theories attempt to solve the puzzle. One is that groups with cooperative members out compete groups with selfish ones, and thus spread their niceness genes, in a scaled-up version of the process by which genetically favored individuals trump other individuals. Variants of this notion have gained popularity in the past decade,…

The Effects of Relative Fitness of Drosophila Melanogaster

Abstract This experiment was conducted to study the relative fitness of two phenotypes of the Drosophila melanogaster and how fitness can affect evolution in the population. The phenotypes were placed in two different environments, one in which contained a predator and another with no predator. Results of the experiment would show how the fitness of each phenotype is affected by providing a mechanism, and if evolution was occurring in the population. Two hypotheses were inferred, one for each environment. For the cage uninfluenced by a predator, we hypothesized that evolution would occur due to sexual selection, and that sexual selection would be in favor of the wild-type drosophila. For the cage containing the predator, we hypothesized that the vestigial flies…

Homo Floresiensis

Discuss what you believe Homo floresiensis to be – a “one off” freak version of Homo erectus, a separate and very unique species, or something else . . . Homo floresiensis was a hominoid discovered in a cave called Liang Bua on an Indonesia island. She was examined to be from 17,000 years ago and nicknamed “the Hobbit” because she was only around a meter tall even though she was an adult. What was more amazing about this hominoid was the small cranial capacity of 417 cc, much smaller than a typical early Homo and a lower body part that resembled an australopithecine. Despite the fact that she had a chimp-sized brain and small body, she used sophisticated flake tools…

Evolution

The purpose of the lab I have conducted is to analyze how altering the finch’s environment would affect the evolution of the finches by isolating each population of finches from each other, placing them each on a different island. This influence on the species by the environment is called allopatric speciation. One population of the finches that are located Darwin Island, which is 1 km, and the other population of finches are located on Wallace Island, which is about half the size of Darwin island. I have altered the environments of the finches. For instance I doubled the size of the clutch, beak and population of the finches in Darwin’s island, since Darwin’s Island is about doubled the size of…

Theory of Mind

Within this TMA I will be discussing Theory of Mind and how it may have evolved in humans, using the Theory of Evolution to explain this. I will also be looking at what the adaptive function of Theory of Mind in humans may be. The adaptive function in this essay means the relative ability of a person to effectively interact with society on all levels and care for one’s self; affected by one’s eagerness to practice skills and follow opportunities for enhancement. Evolution is the procedure which modern organisms have descended from the earliest ancestors. Evolution is accountable for both the similarities and the diversity across all species. Essential to the process is genetic variation on which selective forces can…

Ap Bio Wisconsin Fast Plants

This experiment, which was used to explore the Theory of Evolution created by Charles Darwin. The use of natural selection was apparent in the artificial modification of an organism’s traits which aided in this investigation. Through this experiment the Wisconsin Fast Plant was used. It is a fast-growing organism developed to improve the resistance to disease in cruciferous plants. This plant aids scientist in the exploration of environmental effects on population due to the speed to which is matures and reproduces. Artificial selection was stimulated by the selection against plants with few hairs(trichomes). Trichomes create a wider variation which means it is polygenic. The plants that had only a few trichomes were exterminated and the rest were pollinated to create…

Bibliography of David Buss

Evolutionary psychologists, such as David Buss, approach the social and natural sciences to examine psychological traits such as memory, perception, and language from a modern evolutionary perspective. Evolutionary psychologists also argue that much of human behavior is the output of psychological adaptations that have evolved to solve recurrent problems in human ancestral environments. I chose to conduct my bibliography on David Buss for several reasons. For one, this adaptationist type of methodology is steadily increasing as an influence in the general field of psychology. Secondly, Dr. Buss’ work presents new contemporary discoveries based off of premises on established scientific principles of Darwinian evolutionary theory. And lastly, Dr. Buss is probably the foremost evolutionary psychologist in the world whom also resides…

Evolution and Human Beings

Allama Muhammad Iqbal is one of the most outstanding poet-philosophers of the Indian sub-continent belonging to the modern period. His intellectual genius has reigned supreme in the arena of Islamic philosophy during the twentieth century and is likely to direct and influence the Islamic Intellectual tradition in the twenty first century as well. His sublime poetry and philosophy inspired millions of Muslims to wake up to the reality of the times and forge a destiny for themselves. Iqbal explained evolution on the basis of his religious knowledge as well as his experiences in the western society. One of the facets of Iqbal’s genius is the fluidity with which he displays his in-depth knowledge and critical analysis of both Islamic and…

Life Is What You Make It

It When thinking about my view of the world, there is a jumble of different philosophies, beliefs, and ideas going on in my head. There is so much to take into consideration, and it seems that everything is connected but also scattered in a way that it is hard to really be able to dig deep and explain on paper what my worldview is. After many headaches and deep thoughts, I boiled it down to the things that I could not get out of my head. No matter how hard I tried, I could not get rid of these thoughts when thinking about what to say. These key parts of my worldview are that I believe in the theory of…

The Scopes Trial

The Scopes Trial is a famous trial that had one main topic to focus on: evolution. This trial was brought on because John Scopes taught his students about evolution. The trial happened in 1925 in Tennessee. For creationists and evolutionists, this was a huge trial because it was the first major account of the teaching of evolution. Although this seems as a simple matter between creationists and evolutionists, there is more to meets the eye. The Scopes Trial was more complicated. The three reason why the trial was more complicated than just a simple debate between evolutionists and creations are being able to bring up and discuss the newly passed law that evolution was not to be taught in schools,…

The Meaning of Life

Everyone wonders about the meaning and purpose of life. What is our origin: evolution or creation? Should we seek material wealth, pleasure, and education, or are we here to serve and honor God? Will we be judged for our lives and face eternal destinies in heaven or hell? Please consider the answers that can be found only in the Bible. Introduction: What is the meaning of life? Without doubt, this is one of the most challenging, and yet one of the most fundamental, questions the mind can consider. People throughout history have pondered the purpose of life. Philosophers spin theories. Poets write songs. Young people drop out of society to “find out what it’s all about. ” Older people may…

Biology Evidences of Evolution

* Fossils- fossils provide evidence of evolution because related organisms have similar but varied bone structures. Carbon dating and radioisotopes allow scientists to find when the rocks and fossils lived, allowing them to see how the organisms changed over time and adapted to new environments. * Embryology- many animals have an extremely similar embryological stage. Only trained professionals can tell the difference between the embryos of humans, fish, rabbits and birds. Only once the embryos grow and develop do they start varying in their appearance. This provides evidence of evolution because it shows how almost identical embryos turn into completely different organisms. The more similar the embryo, the more closely related the organism is. * Comparative anatomy- states that organisms…

Nature versus nurture

The debate between nature vs. nurture has been a controversial and debated topic for centuries. It is a debate on whether or not human development is molded by their genetics or their environment. Many scientist and philosophers have debated and made their own theories for the matter, including Charles Darwin, who in the 18th century developed the theory that human development was shaped by their parents’ genetics. In contrary to Darwin, the French naturalist Jean Lamarck had a completely different view on human development, claiming that genetics did not matter in human development and that the biggest factor in human development was the environment in which this human was developed. Both men had great points and theories but through the…

Making Cladograms

MAKING CLADOGRAMS: Background and Procedures Phylogeny, Evolution, and Comparative Anatomy A. Concept: Modern classification is based on evolution theory. B. Background: One way to discover how groups of organisms are related to each other (phylogeny) is to compare the anatomical structures (body organs and parts) of many different organisms. Corresponding organs and other body parts that are alike in basic structure and origin are said to be homologous structures (for example, the front legs of a horse, wings of a bird, flippers of a whale, and the arms of a person are all homologous to each other). When different organisms share a large number of homologous structures, it is considered strong evidence that they are related to each other. When…

Primate Evolution

The theory of evolution began when man first noted his distinct similarity to apes. The possibility of a common ancester with the modern apes had been discussed since the mid 1800’s, but it wasn’t until Charles Darwin published his book, On the Origin of Species in 1859, that the idea was considered legitimate. Since that time, fossil records have helped us to deliniate and define our evolutionary history and to describe the many human-like species that have lived on the earth over the last 8 million years. Charles Darwin studied a population of finches that had been isolated on the Galapogos Islands, and described the theory of natural selection, whereby over time, each finch had changed in ways that made…

Human and Evolution

Human desire is unlimited, everyone also will hold a laziness attitude, so to own desires, human need to work harder to satisfy their own, therefore society in constant evolution! Sigmund Freud once said that human evolution is mainly has two conditions as the driving force, one is sex and another is eager to greatness. However, this is unscientific if we observed from another perspective. Through understanding and awareness the history of Europe and Asia, we can assume this argument exists only in the view of philosophy and cannot afford to ponder in reality. With the era and knowledge progress, people have analyzed the reason of human evolution to be more simplified and clearly, it can be summarized in a word:…

Scopes Trial Essay

The twentieth century Scopes trial may have started out as a simple debate between evolutionists and creationists, but quickly escalated to a debate of historic proportions. The 1920s were times of change in the United States, from women getting the right to vote to prohibition to changes in education, such as the Butler Act, which created unease and animosity throughout the country. The Butler Act of 1925 prohibited the teaching of evolution and any other theories that deny the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible in all Universities and public schools in Tennessee. John Scopes, a high-school biology teacher in Dayton, Tennessee decided to test this law. He was found guilty of teaching evolution…