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Separation and Purification of Organic Compounds

Abstract The distillation process was successfully done because of the separation of water from the acetone. When the distillate was lighted with the matchstick it produced flame which indicates that there was more presence of acetone than water. When the sodium nitroprusside, sodium hydroxide and glacial acetic acid was added to the distillate, it turned to violet. This means that there is the presence of ketone. Introduction Distillation is the process heating a liquid until it boils, then condensing and collecting the resultant hot vapors. Distillation is used to purify a compound by separating it from a non-volatile or less-volatile material and it is a commonly used method for purifying and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. As…