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Epistemology Exam 3 Essay

| According to classical foundationalism, a belief is considered properly basic if it is:Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| Self-Evident, Incorrigible, Evident to the Senses. | | | | | * Question 10 | | | Traditionally, knowledge has been defined as:Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| Justified, true, belief. | | | | | * Question 11 | | | According to Wood, reliabilism claims that:Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| I am justified in holding a particular belief as long as my cognitive faculties are functioning reliably. | | | | | * Question 12

| | | According to Alvin Plantinga, Warrant is what turns true belief into knowledge. Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer: | True| | | | | * Question 13 | | | A belief-disposition is a state of mind in which natural and noninferential cognitive responses are elicited by particular experiences. Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer: | True| | | | | * Question 14 | | | The principle of defeasibility states that all claims to knowledge are potentially false, and thus should be avoided. Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer: | False| | | | | * Question 15 | |

| Hume’s category of knowledge known as the “Relations of Ideas” refers to claims that are:Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| Logically true, certain, but not useful for understanding reality. | | | | | * Question 16 | | | The Mattrix movies serve as a modern day example of Descartes’ Evil Demon HypothysisAnswer | | | | | | | Correct Answer: | True| | | | | * Question 17 | | | John Locke affirmed all the following except:Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| Causality, time and space, are merely categories of the mind. | | | | | * Question 18 | | | Sensus Divinitatus gives us perfect ability to know God. Answer | | | | | | |

Correct Answer: | False| | | | | * Question 19 | | | Which view claims that justification for belief comes from the relationship it shares to other beliefs? Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer:| Coherentism. | | | | | * Question 20 | | | Pyrrhonic Skepticism claims that knowledge is possible, but not generally attainable. Answer | | | | | | | Correct Answer: | False| | | | | * Question 21 | | | Match the following:Answer | | | | | Question| Correct Match| Selected Match| What justifies a belief is that it coheres with other beliefs. | C. Doxastic Assumption| C. Doxastic Assumption| The view that I know that no one knows anything.

| D. Unmitigated Skepticism| D. Unmitigated Skepticism| When mutually supportive propositions add to the positive epistemic status of each other. | E. Concurrence| E. Concurrence| The view that we have a duty to offer evidence for every belief we hold without exception. | B. Evidentialism| B. Evidentialism| All knowledge of the world begins in the senses. | I. Empiricism| I. Empiricism| A group of theories of justification which holds that one does need to have access to evidence to be justified or warranted about at least some beliefs; I may not know why I know, but I can still reasonably say I know.

| G. Externalism| G. Externalism| Claims that knowledge comes through the use of reason. | A. Rationalism| A. Rationalism| Claims that we can have some knowledge or ordinary things, but not of metaphysical things. | H. Metaphysical Skepticism| H. Metaphysical Skepticism| Says that a proposition is true if it corresponds with the facts of reality. | J. Correspondence Theory of Truth| J. Correspondence Theory of Truth| Says a proposition is true if it is successful in explaining phenomena or in achieving desired consequences. | F. Pragmatic Theory of Truth| F. Pragmatic Theory of Truth|.


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