In this lab, you followed the Microsoft approach to securing the CIA triad. You created new user accounts and security groups, and applied the new user accounts to the security groups, just as you would in a real world domain. You created nested folders on the remote server and assigned unique file permissions using the new user accounts and security groups. You modified the Windows Group Policy enabling each new user account to use remote desktop services to remotely access the TargetWindows01 server. Finally, you tested the security layers you placed in the previous parts of the lab by using each new user account to access and modify the nested folders on the remote server.
Lab Assessment Questions & Answers
1. What are the three fundamental elements of an effective security program for information systems?
Identification, Authentication, Authorization
2. Of these three fundamental controls, which two are used by the Domain User Admin to create users and assign rights to resources?
Authentication and Access Control
3. If you can browse a file on a Windows network share, but are not able to copy it or modify it, what type of access controls and permissions are probably configured? List Folder Contents – Security Policy based control
4. What is the mechanism on a Windows server where you can administer granular policies and permissions on a Windows network using role-based access? Group Policy Editor
5. What is two-factor authentication, and why is it an effective access control technique? Two Factor uses two of the three authentication types; knowledge, ownership, characteristic.
6. Relate how Windows Server 2012 Active Directory and the configuration of access controls achieve CIA for departmental LANs, departmental folders, and data. Create security principals in the Active Director domain partition
7. Is it a good practice to include the account or user name in the password? Why or why not?
Not a good idea because it creates easy keywords to hack or decode your account.
3 | Lab 3: Enabling Windows Active Directory and User Access Controls 8. Can a user who is defined in Active Directory access a shared drive on a computer if the server with the shared drive is not part of the domain?
Non domain machines cannot access shared folders
9. When granting access to LAN systems for guests (i.e., auditors, consultants, third-party individuals, etc.), what security controls do you recommend be implemented to maximize CIA of production systems and data?
Establish a limited account for access to only what they need, make them sign user and non-disclosure agreements..