How would Freud explain the personality differences between Mike and Marty Scanlon? According to Freud, the mind can be divided into two main parts: The conscious mind includes everything that we are aware of. This is the aspect of our mental processing that we can think and talk about rationally. A part of this includes our memory, which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time and brought into our awareness. Freud called this ordinary memory the preconscious.
The unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness. Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to Freud, the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of underlying influences.
2. How would you rate Mike and Marty Scanlon on the “Big Five” personality traits? Marty was practical, has a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement against measures or outside expectations. The trait shows a preference for planned rather than spontaneous behavior. It influences the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses he preferred a routine, he was careful, disciplined and organized. Marty was quit, sober, and retiring.
He was sympathetic, kind and appreciative, stable, calm and secure. This makes him conscientious it is a characteristic behavior such as being efficient, organized, neat, and systematic, also including such elements as self- discipline, carefulness, thoroughness, self-organization, deliberation (the tendency to think carefully before acting), and need for achievement.
Mike was the opposite, and is more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult. Their negative emotional reactions tend to persist for unusually long periods of time, which means they are often in a bad mood.
For instance, neuroticism is connected to a pessimistic approach toward work, confidence that work impedes with personal relationships, and apparent anxiety linked with work. Neuroticism is the tendency to experience negative emotions, such as anger, anxiety, or depression. It is sometimes called emotional instability, or is
reversed and referred to as emotional stability.
3. Given that Mike and Marty Scanlon are twins and share some of their genetic makeup, how would you explain the pronounced differences in their personalities? What role, if any, does temperament seem to be playing? . Temperament plays a major part in the differences in Mike and Marty’s personalities. Temperament is quite consistent with significant stability from infancy well into adolescence. It is clear that certain personality traits have substantial genetic components, and that heredity and environment interact to determine personality. They are generally stable but can be modified by experience.
Cross- cultural differences in temperament may reflect childraising practices. A mother’s depression, especially if severe or chronic, may have serious consequences for her infant’s development. Separation anxiety and stranger anxiety may arise during the second half of the first year and appear to be related to temperament and circumstances. 4. Which of the two brothers seems more likely to be achieving self-actualization, and why do you think so? .
Marty would be achieving self actualization a state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential, each in a unique way. People develop a positive regard that reflects the desire to be loved and respected, the need to be good, to be fully alive and to find meaning in life. Research shows that when people live lives that are different from their true nature and capabilities, they are less likely to be happy than those whose goals and lives match.
5. Do Mike and Marty Scanlon appear to have different levels of intelligence, or do they show intelligence in different ways? Why do you think so?
Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize your emotions, understand what they’re telling you, and realize how your emotions affect people around you. Emotional intelligence also involves your perception of others: when you understand how they feel, this allows you to manage relationships more effectively.
People with high emotional intelligence are usually successful in most things they do. Why? Because they’re the ones that others want on their team. When people with high emotional Intelligence send an email, it gets answered. When they need help, they get it. Because they make others feel good, they go through life much more easily than people who are easily angered or upset. Each conception of intelligence represents a instance in which more intelligent people are better able to use the resources of their environment that are less intelligent people, a distinction that is presumably basic to any level of intelligence.
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