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Émile Durkheim Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Division of Labor

Introduction: The phrase “division of labor” has many different definitions that can be used in different contexts. The Encyclopedia of Sociology helps explore the many different ways division of labor can be defined, and recognizes that all major sociologists considered this topic to be fundamental in understanding modern society, and how it has came to be. (Borgatta Montgomery and Rhonda 2000). Some of these classical sociological thinkers expressed their own ideas of division of labor, such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Emile Durkheim. The ideas of these three great thinkers had some similarities, but also differed in many ways. Adam Smith felt division of labor was necessary and vital for economic prosperity, while Karl Marx felt it was the…

Assess the usefulness of functionalist theories in understanding religion today

Assess the usefulness of functionalist theories in understanding religion today (33 marks) There are a variety of different definitions of religion including substantive definitions, which refers to focusing on the content or substance of a religious belief such as God, functional definitions, which refers to religion in terms of the social or psychological functions it carries out for the individual and there are also social constructionist definitions which focus on how members of society actually define religion. Functionalists hold a consensus view and argue that society requires both social order and solidarity in order for it to run smoothly, and religion is one way of providing this as it encourages shared norms and values. As previously mentioned, functionalists argue that…

Sociology suicide

1. Durkheim chose to study an act such as suicide as he aimed to prove there are sociological causes behind suicide, and therefore proving sociology was a distinct and genuinely scientific discipline. 2. Social facts have three features, they are external to individuals, they constrain individuals, shaping their behaviour and also they are greater than individuals, so exist on a greater level. 3. Anomic suicide is caused by too little regulation in a rapidly changing society. 4. Modern societies are less effective in regulating individuals, causing low levels of integration. 5. Escape, cry for help, revenge. 6. Suicide note, mode of death, life history and location or circumstances. 7. Where the suicide is a result of feelings towards someone else,…