Emergent literacy has to do with the reading and writing behaviours seeing in a child that develop into conventional literacy. It is the behaviours one can see a child actually exhibit (practices which seem insignificant to adults), in the period between birth and the time when the child is able to read and write conventionally. The term Emergent literacy acknowledges and accepts the belief that, in a literate society, young children even below the age of two are in the process of becoming literate.
It was once believed that children have no need to read and write until a certain age or stage in their life. But no matter how influential the environment, Youngster may have started the journey long ago, which began with the acquisition of the language that ends informal literacy. Children learn through active engagement at an early age which includes scribbling on paper, looking at picture books, drawing in their own way, listening and interacting with others. A home has a significant influence on the acquisition of early literacy behaviours.
In a home environment parents can set the ground for their child, by providing them with the materials necessary and which also fit the requirement of the child and the parent such as books, writing and drawing supplies. Fitting the requirement of the child means that the material should be one that engages the Childs interest by catching their attention, and fitting for the parent as in his/her eyes it is implemented to facilitate early literacy bahaviours which lead to their development.
Parents can also play an important role by reading to their child, this will help the child in more ways than one, as it helps to develop the child ability to read as what he/she hear and remember is what they will repeat. They will also be able to use background knowledge which they gained from stories thus understanding the significance of what is read. This can also be a way in which parents can familiars the child with pictures of thing in and around the environment. It is also a good means for parents to gain valuable interaction with the child, so as to help them to understand the way the child operates.
Parents can also teach the child how to use print for functional purposes by making grocery lists, reading the TV guide, or helping the child to identify commercial logos, this teaches them that reading and writing are things they will use in every day life thus it is essential that you know how to do so. They also engage their child in singing nursery rhymes and playing rhyming games showing them that leaning is fun. Literacy experience from a tender age has a lot to do with the speed at which the child develops.
Homes are extremely important as the minds of young children absorb information about language, literacy and print concepts by interacting with the world of print so the earlier they start this process the better it is for the child. For example, children benefit from listening to storybooks, experimenting with written and drawing materials, engaging in pretend reading singing and playing with spoken language through rhymes and riddles. These things help young children to develop important understandings about print, books, the alphabetic principle, and phonemic awareness.
Another significant role which to home plays, is by getting the child to get acquainted with different environment and peoples so as to open to scope of their background knowledge. This will assist in future decision making, understanding different cultures an also in write stories. 1. Picture reading 2. Mock reading 3. Book handling 4. Scribbling Acquire pictures of items you would like the child to recognize. Take the pictures and stick them in areas where the children can see them easily, places where they find themselves frequently such as the refrigerator, dresser, book shelves and even the playing corner.
In doing this the child will accustomed or familiarized him/herself with seeing the picture of the object therefore how it looks, and to also describing the pictures. You should also constantly remind child what the picture is representing and get child accustomed to calling the pictures by their names. You should also try to use pictures which the child easily relate to therefore it should be one he/she can see in the environment. BIBLIOGRAPY Burns, Paul – Teaching reading in today’s elementary schools (6th Ed. ) Leu, Donald – Effective literacy instruction.