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Egoism Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Ethical and Psychological Egoism

At first glance the theories of ethical egoism and psychological egoism may seem to be very similar, but in fact they differ greatly with respect to their status as making prescriptive or descriptive claims. Ethical egoism is a consequentialist ethical theory that argues each individual should seek to do what is solely in his or her self-interest, and in this fashion it makes a prescriptive claim. Moseley (2006) describes it in this way: “it is always moral to promote one’s own good, and it is never moral not to promote it. ” Similarly, Rand (1964) defines it with respect to selfishness: “The attack on ‘selfishness’ is an attack on man’s self-esteem; to surrender one is to surrender the other” (p….

Psychological and Ethical Egoism

Egoism is the teleological theory within the proximities of ethics which is allied to setting greatest good, pleasure and benefit for a single person. It comes as a contrast of altruism whose strictness is not self-centered. However altruism incorporates the interest of others in deriving absolute pleasure for a group of people or the contemporary society. Egoism can of necessity be viewed under different contexts with prevalence to the implication of drive into pleasure. Psychological egoism: This is the term that is taken to apply the aspect of human motivations as centered in self-interest. According to this view, any action despite its scores of altruism is governed by the motivations of personal desire that come from the psychological overview of…

Egoism and Utilitarianism

Egoism focuses on what would make a person happy regardless of the actions one takes in order to fulfill desires of heart. It refers to the ability of considering oneself first, and others later. A person strives to achieve what she/he feels that will make her/him better-off without putting in mind the effects of personal actions on others. Egoists do things to only please themselves and not others. Moral value is determined on what is done rather than the consequences the action. However, it seems impossible to please self while being under directive of someone else. Utilitarianism on the other hand advocates for the happiness of many. Utilitarianism works on the principle of utility whereby, service to others is given…

Psychological egoism and ethical egoism

Human beings put so much value on other people’s interests. They find that if they satisfy their hunger for helping others, they (in turn) will have satisfaction for themselves. This was shown in Mother Teresa’s giving to others without taking anything back. However, as with everything else, there are exceptions. I know many people (i.e. car salesman ha-ha) that have only their interests in mind when they are taking action. This brings us to the discussion of the difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism and my position upon ethical egoism. I will begin by defining both psychological and ethical egoism. I will then state the counterexamples/arguments against it, and finally critically assess my position on ethical. Psychological egoism, as…

Egoist Options

Identify which one is the most likely egoist option and explain why you think this is the case Option C is the most likely egoist option. This is evidenced by the words “this just means less people competing with me for scarce opportunities and resources” (Eccles, N. 2013), which indicates that the person in the scenario is concerned with his/her own wellbeing first and foremost, and that is what egoism is all about – “a tradition which is based on ‘self-interest’ rather than some idea of the greater good” (Eccles, N. 2013). Tell us what you think of this option. This option is clearly an example of egoism, since self-interest is central to what the person is saying. The principle…

The three teleological frameworks and the three deontological frameworks

List and discuss in depth the three teleological frameworks and the three deontological frameworks. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Of these six frameworks, with which one do you most associate? Teleological frameworks focus in the results of the conduct of the individual is favorable or not. The three teleological frameworks are ethical egoism, utilitarianism, Sidgwick’s dualism. “Ethical egoism is based on the belief that every individual should act in a way to promote himself or herself if the net result will generate, on balance, positive rather than negative results” (Stanwick & Stanwick, 2009, p. 4). This framework permits self-interest to play a role in the action of the person only if those actions should also have positive…

Helping Others

One day on the way home from work, I was driving on the freeway. I passed a car that had broken down and was sitting on the side of the road. There was a lady and her two littlechildren that were stranded. It was hot outside and I stopped to see if I could help. I gave them a ride to their house, made sure that they would be ok and then I left. I never saw them again. I didn’t know this family; I didn’t stop because I thought that I may win an award or get famous because of it. I stopped because I have been in that position before and know how it feels to be stranded…