Egocentrism is a trait that not the highest of the morally esteemed in society will evade. Ideally this is what Aratani is ascertaining. Formatively, take the much ascribed moral class, the clergy. This purported moral class is always and will always front for their faith to have the highest attendance. They will promise miracles, traversing bounds of wealth through to healing; yet they ultimately do not deliver to the very word.
One will refrain from terming this as cheating, given the moral and the spiritual authority from which the confession comes from (Deremer, P A.; Gruen, G E). Thinking outside this bracket, expecting more morality from the sheep when the shepherd has not towed the line seems relatively protracted; the epicenter of this discourse. Aratani simply appears to be arguing for what Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is meant to ascertain. In deed, from one level of satisfaction humanity will always yearn to move to the next. As Aratani asserts, when the player wins any base ball match, the worst the player will yearn for is to remain in that position; win and win and win!
Or at best, improve on the record (Hanson, K O). Worse still, kill to remain at the very helm. This is shear presentation of utter egocentrism. The attitude of winning presents a competitive scenario for the world, which ultimately translates into innovation. However, cheating to meet this end is simply extraverted negative egocentrism. The reason for this trend appears relatively similar under varying circumstances. Whatever the orientation, the ethical miscreant simply endears to remain the very best, not to be outwitted by any other person (Deremer, P A.
et al). One will argue that this is ideally competition. But then it is not moral to use the two words interchangeably or as synonyms. Presumably, the ideals of competition are more positive while those of egocentrism are negative and subverting. In effect blaming the entire yearning for more by any perpetrator of such traits would equally be senseless. Take the case of Drogba, after winning the trophy for the category of the best boot; all commercials use him for advertising their brands.
Every brand pays him a fortune, his wealth increases at the rate of ticking seconds. Definitely signs that this trend of cash and fame inflows will be guarded at all possible costs (Aratani, L. ). In earnest it is not the will of the perpetrator; the world creates all the precedence for such occurrences. According to Maslow, the apex of humanity is self actualization. However, there seems to be no such ideal case as self actualization. If such cases existed, probably the cases of cheating and conspiracy to achieve this anterior end would just be reduced.
I feel it is the search for supremacy, due the lack of the actualization stage, stable state, which precipitates the incessant lies and anterior activities. Ideally capitalism has a hand, s invisible yet so invincible in orientation in all these undertakings. Earnestly, if the wealth created in this due process would be shared within the community, then not the least individual will yearn to amaze as much wealth (Hanson, K O). Vividly, humanity would only look for as much as can sustain them without going beyond ethical boundaries to access more.
It is utterly impossible or near to impossible perceiving any change in attitude that would see the overall yearning for more and more changed. If indeed religion was any practicable ideal, it would offer a worth course, but then it is equally bedeviled by the relentless yearning for more; believers, offerings, miracles and even wealth, earthly and heavenly alike. On the backdrop of this assertion, the best way towards ethical morality is socialism.
Within the principles of socialism, and yet still given the egocentric nature of humanity, but as a curtailment, no individual will want to simply amaze much only to be used by the masses. People will only yearn for moderation in fame and wealth (Aratani, L. ). The need for actualization will be universalized and the need for craving for more will be curtailed. Ultimately, the course for reduced egocentrism is as course; whichever the approach, the solution towards this end is utterly individual reevaluation and rethinks.
References Aratani, L. Ethics Boundaries Still Appear Fuzzy; Teen Cheating Poll Results Reflect Pressure, Some Believe, Washington Post 19 November 2006: C03 Deremer, P A. ; Gruen, G E. Children’s moral judgments: the relationship between intentionality, social egocentrism and development Journal of Genetic Psychology, Jun79, Vol. 134 Iss. 2, p207 Hanson, K O. , Culture Suggests Cheaters Do Prosper, Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. 6 March 2005. 17 Apr. 2009.