1. 0 Introduction As soon as a young child comes out of school finds self at cross roads. He is confronted with the problem of choosing career whether in Engneering, Medical, Non medical, paramedical, vocational, Humanities. This unit will provide you overall view of educational opportunities after 10th & 12th standard , Internship, Apprenticeship to excel in professional front. You will also become familiar with scholarships- like NTS,KVPY,UGC & others available at various stages of education for meritorious students. This unit helps you to know websites that gives information regarding higher education , entrance examinations.
Objectives: After reading this module the teacher will able to : • Make the students aware about the need of educational planning. • Explain the students about various educational opportunities after 10th & +2 education. • Help students in exploring various sources of higher education & Scholarships. • Ways of disseminating the educational information to students 1. 1 Needs For Educational Planning “India is suffering from massive shortage of skilled manpower”- This was the News headline of a leading National Daily in July 2011. It is the matter of quality & not quantity of Manpower. As on today, the population of India is 1.
21 billion and half of the population is below 18 years of age. And responsibility lies with policy makers, administrators, educators, career counselors, teachers,& parents to channelize the energy of these youths & convert them into skilled human resource And it is the “Education” that determines the level of prosperity, Welfare & security of its citizens. Combined efforts of educators, teachers, career counselors and of course parents to bring awareness among students in an effort to make most realistic choice of courses of higher education depending upon his/her interest, aptitude, ability & financial background.
1. 2 Educational opportunities after10th standard:- Generally . We know that you are already aware about the three streams that you can choose from after Class 10 – Science, Humanities and commerce here you have to pursue your education for 2 years to become eligible for your graduation level academics.. Science Arts Commerce Includes study ofsubjects like Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Biology Includes study of subjects like Geography, Philosophy, History, Sociology, and Political Science Includes study of subjects like Accounting, Tax, Business Economics and Finance.
You need to have good grades in Class 10 and equally good marks in Mathematics to secure a seat in 10+2 Average grades in Class 10 can help you seek admission in the Humanities stream in 10+2 Need good grades after Class 10 and also in Class 12 to pursue higher education in commerce Appear for competitive exams and start a professional career like engineering or medicine Less scope of joining a professional career and have to pursue a Bachelor’s degree.
However, one can always a vocational course or pursue his or her interests simultaneously Start a professional career by registering for CA foundation course You can make a shift to other streams Commerce or Arts after Class 12 You cannot make a shift to other streams like Science or Commerce after Class 12 You cannot appear for engineering or medical streams or change to sciencestream after Class 12. However, you can shift to Arts after Class 12. One can pursue 3 years diploma course either in engineering or Non engineering stream. Nearly there are 190 diploma courses. From Aviation, automobile, biomedical ,ceramic technology, dress making,……to textile engineering, web designing,X-ray technician.
( From A……….. Z) Those who can’t afford expensive training and who can’t get chance to pursue higher education and those who are having inclination towards technical education & most important those who want to earn at an early age can opt for Industrial Training Institute. – ITI’s . Earlier there were traditional courses like Fitter, Welder, Turner but in the present scenario there is immense demand for trades like-COE ( Center of Excellence),Laser technology, hospital mangament, retail management.
After completing basic ITI one can opt-advance training course (CTS/POT) & become eligible to work as an instructor in Govt ITI. Even one can opt for JOC- Job Oriented Course after that he/she can start self-employment. 1. 3 Educational opportunities after 12th standard:- For science stream students they pursue career in Engineering, Medicine/Medical, paramedical, Health care, Information Science, Veterinary science, Genetics, Forensic Science, Fishery, Dairy Technology, Oceanography, Biological Science, Meteorology, Bioinformatics, speech Therapists, Space Technology, Nanotechnology & so many specialized fields.
Even students choose R& D-Research and Development of the concerned field. For Careers in Humanities-there are Anthropology, Archeology, Geography, Fine Arts, Journalism, Library Science, Psychology, Psephology, Research Assistant, Sociology, Teaching at all level-nursary, primary secondary, senior secondary, & even+2 students . Career in NGO. Careers in Commerce- Accounting, Banking, Economics, CA,CS,ICWA, Stock Broking, Mathematics & Statastics Careers in Designing-Gemology, Interior, Fashion, Jewellary Designing & Visual Merchandising.
Careers in Management- Management comes every where-From Business to sales to HR to Rural , Event management, IT Management, Logostics to Export Manegement Careers in Defense Service- Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, By appearing NDA & NA Entrance Exam conducted by UPSC, Coast Guards, Corps Of Engineer, Paramilitary Services. Careers in Mass Communication- Advertising, Disc Jocky, Radio Jocky, Video Jocky, Public Relation, Video Editing, publishing & Printing.
Even after pursuing their graduation students can opt career in Civil Services- Competitive Exams conducted by Union Public Service Commision Competitive Exams conducted by State Public Service Commision Competitive Exams conducted by Staff Selection Commision Indian Economic/Stastical Service Examination Indian Geologist Service Examination Combined Defence Service Examination Exams conducted by Indian Railways Banking Exams- both clerical & Officer Cadre. COMMON WRITTEN EXAMS- Conducted by IBPS- Institite Of Banking & Personal Selection.
1. 4 NIOS-National Institute for Open Schooling: It provides elementary education at 3 levels for school drop outs, neoliterates,& out of school learners through Accredited Agencies. Open schooling and basic education at a distance have got established, in the last two decades, as strong systemic intervention mechanisms to cater to the quality educational needs of millions of deprived people, with very low cost. Secondary Level-Children below 14 years of age & Adults above 14 years of age. Higher Secondary Level. Vocational courses. 1.
5 Scholarships opportunities For Students Scholarships are available for meritorious students & to those who belong to economically weaker section. Even Scholarships are available for scheduled caste & scheduled Tribes & Other Back word community students. Prime Minister’s 15 point program provides better facilities,& free coaching for higher studies for Minority community students. Scholarships are available at various levels of education at secondary level, under graduates, post graduates, post doctoral research. NTS- National Talent Search Scholarship.
(For 10th onwords) till your graduation & on KVPY-Kishore Vaignanik Protsahan Yojana (For 11th & 12th Students) & onwords Post Matric Scholarship for OBC’s Post Matric Scholarship for studies in Hindi from Non Hindi Speaking States. PG scholarships for professional courses for SC & ST students PG Indira Gandhi scholarship scheme for single girl child. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship For SC/ST Students JRF & SRF Post Doctoral Fellowship For Women Candidates Dr. S Radhakrishnan Post Doctoral Fellowship 1. 6 Sources Of Educational opportunities- • News paper supplement of all Leading news papers like, The Hindu, Deccan.
Herald, The Times Of India, Indian Express & even regional news papers carry updated information in the current trends in education & higher studies every week. • Surfing to Internet- at various social sites, Reading the Blogs written by well known educators & career counselors. • Emplyment News in English & Rojgar Samachar in Hindi • By viewing channels like-EDusat, Gynan Darshan, UGC,IGNOU Channels broadcasting educational updates, IGNOU’s Audio video catalogue • University Career Bulletin • Local District Employment Exchange. • University Employment Information & Guidance Bureau. at the jurisdiction of concerned University.
• District Central Library 1. 7 Address of Websites related to higher education, Apprenticeship, Internships & training www. ignou. ac. in www. education. nic. in www. ncert. nic. in www. employmentnews. gov. in www. aiuweb. org www. dget. nic. in www. ugc. ac. in www. aicte. ernet. in www. iamrindia. com www. davp. nic. in www. upsc. gov. in www. nbtindia. org. in www. webindia123. com www. career360. com WWW. shiksha. com www. meritnation. com www. upsc. gov. in www. careers. icbse. com www. indiastudychannel. com www. goiit. com www. highereducationinindia. com www. indiaeducation. net Tanuja Rampure, Shimoga (Karnataka), India.