There is a connection between delivery of service, employee training and the employees’ behavior. The research paper undertakes to find out the early warning systems used by low enforcement agencies to identify a problem police officer and to reduce citizen complains. This is a crucial research question for all law enforcement agencies and members of the public especially those in proximity to law enforcers. Background of the Research. Most law enforcement agencies do not take the public complains as an indication of needs to identify a problem police officer among them..
It may a source for need to change tact of doing things, change method or systems of identifying problem officers in the force. Early indicators for a problem officer vary from one force to another depending the nature of their work. Reporting to duty has become one of single most important indicator of a problem police officer in law enforcement agencies today. Other systems have been proposed and are in use in various agencies in various countries. If you look at our people today the majority of them have no confidence in law enforcers not because of any peculiar reasons but due to the ignoring the problem officers of the enforcers.
In world today, the government has introduced a governing paper as relates to systems of identifying of problem officers. Statement of the Problem I chose to work on this question because it directly affects the performance of duties by police officers, reduces public confidence of law enforcers as well law enforcers’ confident public relations, performance and their future ambitions and targets. If a law enforcer is not performing his duties very well and his colleagues note that they may be demotivated to perform their duties while other will absent themselves from their places of work, others will get excuses of not coming to work.
Therefore police officers are required to constructively work as per the required as per the rules and regulations.. This will set good goals that he is going to achieve in his lifetime. When there are early warning systems implemented it will be easier for the police officers’ to improve their performance and the level of service to the public will be highly improved. The performance level of a law enforcer can be perfect if he/she engages in on regular professional development. There is a relationship between an officer’s performance level and implemented problem identification is correlated .
When an officer knows that there are systems that will identify problems among themselves they will work hard and improve their performance as well as learn new things, new concepts, gets challenges, encounters obstacles, learns how to solve his own problems, learns to be independent and all this challenges will enable the performance improve. Though these challenges an officer will be competent and learn more on his own. Objectives of the Research The answers to this question will enhance my professional knowledge and competence in many ways.
As a professional I will learn early identification systems implemented by other law enforcers in identifying problem police officer and ensuring that problems are solve before they get out of hand.. I will use what I have learned from this research to advise my enforcement agency on ways to identify a problem police officer and how to go around solving the problem. I will encourage my colleagues to learn, be creative, hardworking, independent and know how to solve problems on there own without superiors interference.
The answers to this question also will assist me as a professional by motivating me to ensure that my performance and that of subordinates is improved. I will be regularly counterchecking whether the subordinates have performed their duties properly, perfectly and to the required standards. If officers have not done their duties properly they will be given close check to determine problem solving techniques to use in each case. Literature Review Act Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism states that the morality of an incident is determined by its outcome.
The consequence is the main element here and it should lead to ultimate pleasure according to the theory. Thus this theory depicts that the morally correct action is that whose consequence creates ultimate happiness. Act Utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which depicts that morally right action is that which is able to produce greatest amount of happiness to greatest number of people through its consequences. This theory does not connect to general rule; instead it demands evaluation of the circumstances by the agent (Act Utilitarianism nod. ).
The objection to this theory states that it is too much permissive and can justify any crime if presented with valuable consequences. Another objection is that the theory has less practical use than its theoretical depiction as most of the time we do not get enough time to predict consequences and assess the values of them. In the case given the dilemma of using deception can be resolved absolutely if thought according to Act Utilitarianism Theory. This theory says that morality of an action is determined by its consequences. In the current scenario the consequence of the child being safe can surely determine the morality of using deception.
But if it is found that Sylvester is not guilty then the consequences will not be able to justify the act of using deception. Rule Utilitarianism: It is also known as Restricted or Indirect Utilitarianism. This theory deals with the correctness of the rules. It states that moral actions are that which conform to the rules leading to greatest good. The correctness of the rule is determined by the amount of good it could generate. Another variation of the theory is that practicing some rule in all instances always generate good results overall than practicing any exception.
Act Utilitarianism, as opposed to Rule Utilitarianism, stresses the consequence of the action without any reference about the rule followed. The objection against this theory says that it depicts following of such rules which will surely not produce best results. Another objection is that it may depict such rules, which are best to follow, but it is clear that none will do so. It is also very difficult sometimes to differentiate this theory from Act Utilitarianism (Rule Utilitarianism n. d. ). In the present context it is clearly not possible to predict the consequences of use of deception.
Thus the theory requires following the general rule of non deception to reach the consequence but it leads to the objection that following this rule may not generate the desired result. Immanuel Kant’s Theory In his theory Kant depicted that there are two aspects of reality, one as we observe it to be and the other as it really is irrespective of any conceptual framework of the observer. He also told that human being observe the world through conceptual framework and not only by the inputs from the world. He argued that causality is not something we observe in nature but it is something we insist ourselves.
According to him human beings are of free will and become subject of causality when through other’s experience. Kant stated that the reasoning of human beings dictate them to perform certain actions, i. e. , human beings are guided by their rationality. One is behaving rationally when s/he is consistent. The inconsistency takes place when one’s will guides a thing to happen and not to happen. The person then needs to articulate the principle whether the action has any negative implication on the principle itself. Kant’s rationality thus believes in setting examples for others whether they should follow the principle or not.
Thus Kant’s rationality rules out some actions. According to Kant’s “Hypothetical Imperatives” reasons just help securing the thing which we actually wanted. But he argued the role of reasoning is not to issue “Hypothetical Imperatives” but to ensure that human beings do not act inconsistently. According to his thought about “Duty” one should not lie no matter how necessary it is. Kant advocated that morality is the most important aspect while judging somebody’s action. The “Golden Rule of Kant” advises to act on that maxim which leads to universal law (Kant’s Theory of Ethics n.
d. ). According to Kant’ Theory human beings should act rationally in such a way that the action is consistent to universal law. But using deception can not be consistent to universal law. Again he stated that one should not lie no matter what the reason is. But deception is nothing but lying. Role of reasoning is not to help to find ways according to will but to guide towards consistency. Thus the main principle of Kant’s Theory completely applies to the dilemma here about whether to lie or not and whether to act in such a way which does not support the universal law. Methodology
There are two methods of research/ data collection in research papers: that is quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative method is applicable where the problem is known, the problem is based on theories and can be measured in numbers. The analysis can be done on tables, graphs, pie charts, gnat charts and other statistical theories and it relies on assumptions. There are a number of methods which are under quantitative methods. These include surveys, experiments and quasi experiment. Qualitative method is different from quantitative because it is used to measure human feelings, attitudes and perceptions.
In this research question both methods will be used. This is because most data will be collected from students who will go on homework fitness and other available research work carried out from somewhere else on the topic. The problem of this research question is how and which direction the research problem will take. There is always a connection between the research from the research question and the methods or the collection tools used, since it influences the conclusions and the recommendations. Qualitative method will be used to collect the student’s opinions, attitudes, perceptions and feelings on the homework fitness.
Interviews will be carried out as well as observation will be done. Quantitative method will be used in collecting actual facts in numerical at the same time; analysis of the data will be done in the form of tables, graphs and other statistical tools. The data for this research has been obtained from internet sources, books and journals. These two sources of data collections have weaknesses as described below Sources of data The data that will be used in this research will be collected from: – i. Books ii. Internet i. Books:
Most of the materials to be used in this report will be collected from books. Many books have been written covering issues of students. I will collect the relevant material from books that show the relationship between students engaging in fitness homework on student’s fitness level. Books will offer me with good general information that will assist me to complete this project. Most books have bibliography from the back where more information about student’s fitness home will be obtained. ii. Internet The internet is also a very good source of data.
In the internet different topics have been covered. Through the internet I will collect the relevant materials that show the relationship between students engaging in fitness home on student’s fitness level. Through the internet I will be able to get the latest journals and conference papers that cover my topic in greater depths. Through the internet I will be able also to request for more materials in the form of CDs for further reference. Through the internet I will learn more from conference papers about the relationship between students engaging in fitness homework on student fitness level.
For further reference I will use the internet facilities in offloading more relevant literature form digital library. Data collection tools and methods The relevant data to be used in this research will be collected in two ways namely:- i. By use of questionnaires ii. Through Interviews. Questionnaires The data that will be used in this report will be collected through questionnaires. Questionnaire involves asking various questions from the students, parents, teachers concern the question topic. This will be used to obtain important information about the relationship between students engaging in fitness homework on student’s fitness level.
This research will employ two categories of questionnaires. The first category of questionnaires will be structured or close ended. Here I will offer a list of all possible alternatives from which respondent best describes the situation. They will be in form of multiple choices. A question will be asked and below it will be a list of all possible alternatives will be provided. The advantage of using questionnaires is that most people do not want to think hard, the answers are there and the respondent cannot be intimidated. Unstructured or open ended types of questionnaires will also be employed to make this research a success.
These types of questions will give the respondent freedom of response and permit an individual to respond in his or her own words. Through this type of questionnaires we will be able to get more information about relationship between students engaging in fitness homework on student’s fitness level, different from or in more detailed way than what we have. These questionnaires will be researcher administered. The researcher goes with the questionnaires himself and administers the questions by himself. Interviews The data to be used in this research will also be collected through interviews.
An interview is an oral administration of questionnaire or interview schedule. It will involve a face to face encounter schedule. It will also involve a face to face encounter. This interview schedules will be in two forms, structured and structured questions or semi structural questions. Responses during interviews could be recorded either by note-taking or tape recording. Expected Result a) Keeping records of attendance of police officer to identify the lateness of police officers this will assist in ensuring police officer with problem of attendant or absenteeism have been identified and rectified. .
b) Good communication system. Goo communicated systems have been used to identify police officers who have problems within the force but have resorted to report. C good disciplinary procedures have been implementing to be followed when a police officer has been found with a problem. D. sexual harassment policy has been implemented by the force and reporting procedures have been written down to ensure that the police officer whose has been sexually harassed has been reported and the matters investigated. Sexually harassment police is one of the best systems that has been implemented to help reduce of the problem
E. cord of conduct for the police to be followed any police officer who does not follow the cord of ethics laid down will be said to contravene the systems that have been laid down. F. racial discrimination the police force has laid down grievance procedures to be followed in case there is racial discrimination. This is a system that is related with the other system of sexual discrimination. There is also whistle blowing police that has been laid down by police officers to detect police officers who are not working in line with the police department.
Conclusion-: The implemented systems by most police force or law agencies relates to the policies that has been laid down by the police force. The policies form systems to be used to identify a problem within the force. Various policies have been emulated to include racial discrimination, sexual discrimination whistle blowing and grievance procedures. Deception among police officers will amount to failure of police officer to perform his duties. References Armstrong M. 2001. A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, Kogan Page Limited . Folger, R.
2001. In S. W. Gilliland, D. D. Steiner, & D. P. Skarlicki (Eds. ), Research in social issues in management: 3–31. Greenwich, CT: Information Age. Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA. Mason, J. (1996). Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Mutai, B (2000) – How to write quality research proposal: a complete and simplified recipe. The Urey publications. Kathari, C . R. (2003) – Research Methodology Methods and Techniques- WISHwa Prakashan, New Delhi.