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Dyslexia Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Special Education Needs

An Intelligence Quotient, usually referred to as IQ, is a numerical score arrived at through testing. A student can have a Low, Average or High IQ. Intelligence is an inherited trait which, if low may make learning difficult unless facilitated by a highly skilled teacher. Additionally, a pupil who has inherited a high intelligence can be badly affected by bad teaching methods and enhanced through skilled teaching. A student with a Low IQ cannot change what he/she brings to the learning situation and are very likely to have parents who cannot help them. Hence, teachers can change what they bring to the learning situation since they have responsibility for pupils’ learning. DOWNS SYNDROME Down’s Syndrome formally called Mongolism due to…

Literacy Instruction and Difficulties with Reading

In today’s world the consequences of having students attain low achievement scores in reading can be very detrimental to both individuals and society. Students who are attaining low achievement records in literacy often correlate with the school dropout rate, poverty, and unemployment. Also the gap between reading achievement of poor and middle class students is substantial, calling for a federal regulation to ensure equal opportunities for all students no matter where they may be attending school. The standards movement and evidence-based research can have a great impact on how literacy programs are used in the classroom. Evidence-based reading instruction means that a particular reading program has a record of success. The program was tested with a group of students and…

Reading Interventions for Students with Dyslexia

The purpose of the study was to determine whether it is possible to achieve greater fluency results with the method described in the study compared to results obtained by a comparative method based on a different approach. In addition, it was a goal to discover if it is possible to obtain continuous gains in reading fluency after treatment replications. In the research, a total of sixty-three children —41 boys and 22 girls — participated. The participants attended primary and secondary schools from the end of the second grade to the end of the eighth grade. The students were enrolled in the study if they satisfied the criteria for a diagnosis of dyslexia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of…

Reading Comprehension: Strategies that work

Did reading or writing come first? This question is not as important as the well proven fact that without one the other cannot survive. Reading and writing are important to each other and mutually beneficial. There is an intimate relationship between reading and writing well (Pearson learning solutions). If there is a deficiency in reading there will also be a deficiency in writing. There is an obvious connection between what we read and what we write. I will be going over what makes the relationship between them so crucial to first time students and later in school and life. Reading and writing were and still are sometimes taught separately. Research and tests have shown that these two subjects are more…

A Review on Reading Theories and It’s Implication to the Teaching of Reading

Abstract Opini dan masukan untuk peningkatan pengajaran membaca kepada pembelajar bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa asing, baik yang didasarkan pada hasil penelitian maupun pengalaman, tersedia sangat banyak dalam kepustakaan pengajaran bahasa. Tulisan ini merupakan sebuah rangkuman atas berbagai teori, temuan dan pendapat tentang pengajaran membaca. Pemahaman terhadap topik-topik tersebut, terutama tentang teori top-down, bottom-up, dan meta-cognitive, diharapkan dapat dijadikan landasan untuk meningkatkan teknik pengajaran membaca. Dengan demikian, kemahiran membaca para pembelajar bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa asing dapat ditingkatkan secara signifikan. Kata Kunci: top-down, bottom-up, schemata, meta-cognitive, pre-reading, during-reading, after-reading Introduction Among the four language skills, reading is possibly the most extensively and intensively studied by experts in the field of language teaching. The results of the researches conducted for many decades…

Close Reading

Because if what people mean is: Can the love of lauguage be taught? Can a grft for storytelling be taught? thenthe enswer is no. Which may be why the’question is so often asked in a skeptical leng imFlying that, unlike the multiplication tables or the principles of auto mechanics, creativity can’t be tansmitted from teacher to student Lnagine Milton enrolling in a graduate program for help virh Paradire Lost,orKa{ka enduring d1s semirlsl in which his classmates irrforn. him thaq franklp they just don’t believe the part about the guywaking up one morning to find he’s a giant bug. VLrat confuses me is not the sensibleness of the question but tJre fact that, when addressed to me, it’s being asked of…

Oral Reading

Reading is a complex activity. It sends our brains into a frenzy of electrical impulses that zig and zag through matter in ways we still do not totally understand. It organizes sights and sounds in designs that ultimately connect us to the broad vistas of life’s many landscapes. Reading gives us the opportunity to appreciate those landscapes in all their variety. It is remarkable that, whatever approach, method, or ideology is used to teach reading, most students become proficient at it. For many students, successful reading is assimilated into their experience quickly and with seeming smoothness. For perhaps as many as 20% of students however, reading is not an automatic skill. Patterns of understanding have to be systematically instilled so…

Remedial Reading

Proficient reading is an essential tool for learning a large part of the subject matter taught at school. Reading is the gateway to learning: without it, children cannot access a broad and balanced curriculum. Reading difficulties are associated with negative educational, employment and economic outcomes, making reading- related issues relevant to various policy domains. The negative effects of reading problems are well documented. There is evidence that reading disability is associated with social, economic and psychological problems. Traditional approaches to dealing with reading problems, such as tracing and grade retention, do not help ( especially if it going about dyslexic children. Remedial reading is an extremely important class for children who are struggling with reading. Because these children have difficulties…

Extensive Reading

In everyday life, we read many kinds of materials without being conscious whether we use any strategies to read effectively. In general terms, reading is not different from other learned human abilities such as driving, cooking, playing golf, or riding a bicycle: the more you do it, the more fluent and skillful you become. Usually, teachers are concerned with the developing in their students the ability to read, but how much attention do teachers pay to develop a habit or love of reading in their students? There are some questioned raised from time to time in my class. “Teacher, what does it mean? ”, “I can understand nothing from the top to the bottom? ”, “What do they ask us…

Reading and Writing

Learning how to read back in 1970 is quite different from learning how to read in the world we live in today. Learning to read was somewhat difficult for me as a child. We didn’t have the fancy reading tools back in the day, such as: Hooked on Phonics or Phonemic Awareness. Looking back over my life, I can remember when I was in the first grade, about six or seven years old and I brought home my first report card. On my report card my teacher pointed out an area of weakness in reading. I can still hear my father saying “Susie are you having trouble reading? ” I would respond as any typical six year old child would…

Reading Process

Reading is a complex process; it is not about identifying words but also about understanding them. Reading requires attending to the environment, encoding and interacting with the stimulus in a meaningful manner and linking the meanings of the stimulus with existing knowledge and prior experiences. Thinking Reading is a thinking process; it is not just about calling or recognizing the words on a page but understanding what was read. Therefore the reader must make inferences and think critically to understand the information presented. Thinking while reading will allow the reader to determine the author’s purpose, evaluate the information and apply the information presented in a meaningful way. This goes to show how important experience is in reading, because with experience…

Reading Fluency

Reading fluency is the ability to read connected text rapidly, effortlessly and automatically (Hook & Jones, 2004; Meyer, 2002). Readers must develop fluency to make the bridge from word recognition to reading comprehension (Jenkins, Fuchs, van den Broek, Espin & Deno, 2003). It is essential for all students to read fluently as they are “learning to read” up to Grade 3, but beginning in Grade 4, they are “reading to learn” (Chall, 1983). Middle school students represent a crucial starting point because they are in the midst of an important transition: they are now regularly being asked to apply their knowledge of how to read to learn from texts (Chall, 1983; Hagaman & Reid, 2008). Students with learning disabilities (“LD”)…

Theories of Reading

So far, there are three main theories which explain the nature of learning to read. First, the traditional theory, or bottom up processing, which focused on the printed form of a text. (2) the cognitive view, or top-down processing enhanced the role of background knowledge in addition to what appeared on the printed page. Third, the metacognitive view, which is based on the control and manipulation that a reader can have on the act of comprehending a text, and thus, emphasizes the involvement of the reader’s thinking about what he is doing while reading. 1. The traditional bottom-up view The traditional bottom-up approach to reading was influenced by behaviorist psychology of the 1950s, which claimed learning was based upon “habit…

Reading Plan

Year 1 to 3: Reading Methodology: Oral Recitation Lesson * The Oral Recitation Lesson (ORL) is an instructional procedure that incorporates direct and indirect instruction during small-group reading instruction. ORL helps the teachers to use it easily with basal reading programs, especially with students who experience difficulty in learning to read. * ORL is a part of fluency improving reading program. The strategies of ORL will focus on improving fluency. This week we will focus on: a) ORL Format.Direct Instruction of ORL: Read, discuss, and analyze a story 1. The teacher reads the story aloud to the students. 2. After reading, the teacher works with students to discuss and analyze the story by constructing a story map that identifies the…

The Importance of Reading

People are living in a world where new technological advances have replaced the desire to read. Reading, in my opinion, has become less important to many adults and children. Some children and teenagers prefer to watch a movie or playing video games instead of reading a book. Some adults prefer to watch television than to read a good novel. Reading, in some people’s agenda, is not as important as it used to be like in the early 1900’s. To some people watching a movie or basketball game on television is more important than reading a book. It is a well-known fact that when there were no televisions or computers, reading was a primary leisure activity. People would spend hours reading…

Extensive Reading

Extensive reading is an approach to language including foreign language by the means of a large of unknown words in specific context will allow the learner to the words in specific context will allow the learner to the words meaning specific context thus to learn unknown words. (cobb, 2007) Extensive reading is an “extensive reading approach” and involves students reading along texts orf large quantities for general understanding. With the intention of enjoying the text. (BBC World service) A second language or L2 is any language learned after the first language or mother tongue. A skill is the learned capacity to carry out pre-determined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both. Skills can often be divided…

Importance of reading

?Kids who read often and widely get better at it. This is pretty much just common sense. After all, practice makes perfect in almost everything we humans do and reading is no different. 2. Reading exercises our brains. Reading is a much more complex task for the human brain than, say, watching TV is. Reading strengthens brain connections and actually builds new connections. 3. Reading improves concentration. Again, this is a bit of a no-brainer. Children have to sit still and quietly so they can focus on the story when they’re reading. If they read regularly as they grow up, they develop the ability to do this for longer and longer periods. 4. Reading teaches children about the world around…

Six Writing Traits

Ideas: The ideas are the heart of the message, the content of the piece, the main theme, together with all the details that enrich and develop that theme. The ideas are strong when the message is clear, not garbled. The writer chooses details that are interesting, important, and informative- often the kinds of details the reader would not normally anticipate or predict. Successful writers do not tell readers information they already know. They notice what others overlook, seek out the extraordinary, the unusual, the bits and pieces of life that others might not see. Organization: Organization is the internal structure of a piece of writing. When the organization is strong, the piece begins meaningfully and creates in the writer a…

How to Write a Research Paper

“This should be sent to a journal” “Very good work, but I’m not sure why Alan Bundy hasn’t written this? ” Anonymous review: “Clearly the author fails to understands Walsh’s previous work on this topic” • 1st Lesson • Don’t lose heart • Even if you do everything right, reviewing is imperfect Good papers will be rejected But try to learn from your knock-backs! • • Why you? • Academic career • Publish or perish • Have an impact • • Communicate your results Many have not had the impact they deserve for being bad writers • Writing is fun! Outline • How to get your paper rejected. There are many traps even experienced researchers make Myself very much included…

How to Write a Research Paper

“This should be sent to a journal” “Very good work, but I’m not sure why Alan Bundy hasn’t written this? ” Anonymous review: “Clearly the author fails to understands Walsh’s previous work on this topic” • 1st Lesson • Don’t lose heart • Even if you do everything right, reviewing is imperfect Good papers will be rejected But try to learn from your knock-backs! • • Why you? • Academic career • Publish or perish • Have an impact • • Communicate your results Many have not had the impact they deserve for being bad writers • Writing is fun! Outline • How to get your paper rejected • There are many traps even experienced researchers make Myself very much…

Writing and Writers Guild

Fantasy Football because I like looking at the players stats. I usually read in my bed. I like reading during the day. I don’t really like required reading because you have to write about the book. My favorite book is Tales of the Fourth Grade Nothing. I think that book is funny and easy to read. I don’t have a favorite author. My favorite type of writing is Tall Tales. I like tall tales because I like to exaggerate in my stories. Last year in third grade our Writers Guild was tall tale. My tall tale was called Little Earthquake. In second grade my Writers Guild was about my uncle. I don’t like writing book reports. I like to write…

Reflection On Taking The Elementary Education Program

After taking EDUC 417 and completing level 1 of the elementary education program, I have definitely learned that children’s literature matters and is a necessity in the classroom. Children are never to young to be read to and never to old to stop being read to. Reading aloud to students at all ages, but especially to young and developing readers is an essential tool in order for children to become successful in school. Children’s literature is endless and I have truly learned about the diverse collection of books that are available for student’s to read. It is essential as a teacher to provide students with access to a diverse collection of books because students’ can learn endlessly from different genres, reading…

The International Dyslexia Association

Dyslexia has specific difficulties in writing and spelling problems and sometimes a specific problem in mathematic included (British Dyslexia Association, 2002). Traditionally, dyslexia has concentrated mainly on literacy – the learning of the reading and spelling processes. But some dyslexic difficulties also transmit into the learning of mathematics. Research results, based on initial studies, claim that about 60% of dyslexics have some problems with school maths (Chinn & Ashcroft 1998). Of the 40% of dyslexics who don’t seem to have maths difficulties, about 11% of dyslexics do well in mathematics and the rest (29%) do as well as children of the same age, who have no learning difficulties. Surveys say that between 2-4 per cent of people may have severe…

How I learned to Read and Write

For me, learning to read and write was long and felt like a drag to me; I took reading and writing for granted and never thought of the great advantages that every book had. It all started at home when I was five years old and my mom was teaching me how to write my name. In my head, I had trouble understanding on what I wrote but as far as I know that was my name. Finally the day came and it was time for me to go to school. I was scared; I did not know where I was, and I did not know a single word in English. There was no way my mom would stick me…

What are learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities, or learning disorders, are an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are simply wired differently. These differences affects how they receive and process information. Simply put, children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can lead to trouble with learning new information and skills, and putting them to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking. Children with learning disabilities can, and do, succeed. It can be tough to…

Why People Should Read Books

It is a disappointment that people read books less often in these days of widespread technological reliance. Books were the primary source of intellectual entertainment just a hundred years ago, but with the invention of radio, television, cinematography, and the Internet and computer games, it seems that reading books is no longer a popular leisure activity. However, I believe that books are an irreplaceable part of our lives, and the role that masterfully-written books play on the personal growth and development of a particular person throughout one’s life is a remarkable one. Books directly expand our consciousness of how we live and where we live, enrich our power to express ourselves, supply us with inspiration in a way that other…

Importance of reading

Kids who read often and widely get better at it. This is pretty much just common sense. After all, practice makes perfect in almost everything we humans do and reading is no different. 2. Reading exercises our brains. Reading is a much more complex task for the human brain than, say, watching TV is. Reading strengthens brain connections and actually builds new connections. 3. Reading improves concentration. Again, this is a bit of a no-brainer. Children have to sit still and quietly so they can focus on the story when they’re reading. If they read regularly as they grow up, they develop the ability to do this for longer and longer periods. 4. Reading teaches children about the world around…

The conduct and preparation of lessons

Read the previous chapter and the chapter you’re on. If short on time, read only the first and last paragraph Write questions down about the subtitles. Ask them to the teacher if they aren’t answered during the lesson Examine images carefully Write down new words and concepts Try to make a connection to the previous lesson During class On each page of notes leave a space on top (for a summary) and a side bar to add an outline later Copy every sample-problem, with all the intermediate steps Note: bog ideas/concepts, images and legends and all that is repeated Do not worry about presentation, just keep your notes minimalist even if it takes up more paper Ask questions After class…

Mandated Curriculum vs. Developmentally Appropriate Practices

I am contacting you in regards to the new state mandated textbook – based curriculum for kindergarten. While I understand that Common core learning standards recently adopted by 45 states and the District and supported by the Obama administration and asserting that they lead to poor quality teaching and take all the joy out of kindergarten (Kenny, 2013). Many children, especially kindergarteners need less strict and regimented learning opportunities to enjoy learning instead of being stressed. Our goal as parents and educators is to instill a love of learning not fear and disappointment. Not every child learns at the same rate and efficiency as others in the same classroom. This needs to be taken into account when using the textbook-…

Annotation on David Abram

David Abram wrote an essay Animism and the Alphabet, which is about how alphabets have affected human society. He talks about how alphabets have worked as a differentiation between human and nature. Socrates and Plato are used as his supporting points. I made annotations as I read this piece, and there are two lines that captured my interest. They are annotations on “ Without writing, knowledge of the diverse properties of particular animals, plants and places can be preserved only by being woven into stories…events and interactions.” (Abram, 47) and “For reading, as soon as we attend to its sensorial texture, discloses itself as a profoundly synesthetic encounter.” (51) First of all, the quote about a versatile writing system was…