Having a duty of care in your own work role is a requirement to avoid negligence and harm and the safeguarding of children under your care. Young children are very venerable and are almost entirely dependent on adults to care for them in ways that help to protect them from harm. This could be physically or psychologically, u must be aware of the signs that a child may be experiencing harm and know the correct procedures to deal with it. You can safeguard the children by following the settings policies and procedures and by carrying out risk assessments to ensure that toys and equipment are safe. Assessing that the setting has no potential hazards for example socket covers on plug holes, hazard materials etc, And to follow appropriate health and safety regulations.
You must set boundaries and clear expectations for children’s behavior which could upset other children or cause them distress. Observing children and assessing their development and being observant to any indications that their progress is not correct for their stage of development. You will then be able to meet every child’s individual needs regardless of their age and stage of development they are at. You must respect inclusive procedures and not to show favoritism to an individual child as every child deserves equal attention and care. Always be willing to do extra training and update and further your knowledge and skills to ensure you are giving the best care possible.
Explain how duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals. A duty of care is a legal obligation imposed on an individual requiring that they adhere to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could foreseeable harm others. You have a duty of care to protect children from abuse and neglect including sexual, physical and mental abuse. All children have the right to be safe and be treated with respect and dignity. To maintain the child’s safety you must follow the settings legislations, policies and procedures. Performing risk assessments to ensure the environment is safe for example making sure entrances, exits and gates are locked.
Assessing the setting and making sure there are no potential hazards like hazard materials being left out or electrical sockets being left uncovered. Ensuring the setting is clean to stop the spread of infection. That food is stored properly to stop cross-infection and the kitchen is always clean to stop the spread of bacteria and germs. Also by challenging any strangers that come into the setting. Ensuring that staff has been trained in first Aid and that they have the right equipment to deal with accidents and injuries. It is also essential to complete accident forms when an accident occurs and getting the parent or career to sign to say there have been made aware. Reporting any concerns or allegations while maintaining confidentiality. And to only allow parents and careers to collect the children.
Describe potential conflicts or dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and an individual’s rights Potential conflicts or dilemmas may arise between duty of care and individuals rights. These may cause upset to both parents and children if they don’t agree or follow the settings policies and procedures. Examples of this would be that the parent does not want their child to take a nap however the child may be overtired and you can’t physically keep the child awake, this could cause the parent to feel that their parental rights and wishes have not been followed. However you must also respect that the child is tired and their rights to sleep.
Another example would be that parents want their child to eat unhealthy snacks such as chocolate or crisps, by not allowing this and following the settings rules and regulations may upset the parent and the child, but if allowed could be seen to be favouritism and upset other children. You must also always intervene even when individual rights are effected if told about any abuse or malpractice even if its upsets the child by reporting it and breaking their trust. Also some parents may feel that the use of scissors in not necessary and feel that it may be dangerous, however children need to use different types of equipment and do practical activities to learn important life skills.
Describe how to manage risks associated with conflicts or dilemmas between an individual’s rights and the duty of care The ways to manage risks associated with conflict or dilemmas between an individual rights and duty of care is to always maintain professional boundaries and by following the relevant policies and procedures, as well as having good communication with parents and respecting parents rights and responsibilities. Also to reassure and explain why some activities and equipment are important to gain life skills and knowledge of the children. You could avoid conflict by having meetings with parents and discus any problems or concerns they hay have and also by showing and discussing the settings policies and procedures and offer them advice and support.
Explain where to get additional support and advice about conflicts and dilemmas. You can get additional support and advice about conflicts and dilemmas through researching the internet on websites such as communitycare.co.uk, childline.co.uk, samaratains.com and unicef. You could also get support from colleagues the centre manager or child protection officers. Also through books or the relevant policies and procedures.
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