Arthur Wellesley or more commonly known as the Duke of Wellington was born in Dublin on May and 1769 and died on the 14th September 1852. When he died the Duke of Wellington was given a state funeral or many reasons we will find out about. Arthur was also seen as a hero in England and the reasons why will also be answered. His early years started at Eton College, a private boarding school for Protestants; however he was not an outstanding pupil. He came from an Anglo-Irish aristocratic family and in 1798 they changed their family name to Wesley.
After college, he decided to serve in the army as a soldier and fought for his country against France in Flanders in 1787. He went on to take part in the Mysore war against Tipu Sultan in India in 1806 and had success. His actions in war gave him a knighthood and in 1806 he was knighted by Queen Victoria, who he served under for the years of his life. He became a member of parliament and later was appointed as Chief Secretary of Ireland. Unfortunately, a year later Arthur was back on the front line fighting against the French in the Peninsula War a war that lasted six years.
He led his army to success once again with France withdrawing from Spain and Portugal. When Arthur returned home, he was a hero and received his name the Duke of Wellington. Wellington was made Commander of the allied armies in 1815 and this year also brought him more success as he defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in June with the help from Prussian forces. Napoleon, a great French leaderwho ruled the biggest empire in Europe was sent into exile and later poisoned.
Wellington’s victory is now remembered by Waterloo station, built in 1848 and is also where Wellington is buried. Wellington’s victorious success led him to become Commander in Chief of the British Army. A year on and he was appointed Prime minister. From here on Wellington began to upset members of his own party when he gave Catholics freedom in Britain. Angry crowds gathered outside his home and threw things at the windows. He put up iron shutters for protection and gained the nickname the Iron Duke.