Violence is to use your power to harm the people around you whether you know them or you don’t, some people use Violence to protect themselves but mostly they used it to harm people. Violence is a social and health problem for all who experience and witness it. Violence takes many forms and the most common form and the most viciousness and abuse is domestic violence. Domestic violence is also known as domestic abuse is a pattern of abusive and threatening behaviour by one partner against another in an relationship such as marriage or family , that may include physical, emotional, economic and sexual violence as well as intimidation, isolation and coercion. Domestic violence can happen against men refer to abuse against men or boys in the relationship. Signs of abuse maybe difficult to anticipate and may begin when the relationship grow. Although men can be Exhibition to violence, Women are subjected to domestic violence more often than men.
In addition, they are often subjected to several forms of abuse and more likely to be injured. In vast majority of cases, one in three women globally has been beaten or abused in some way by someone she knows, by her husband or another male family member. And one woman in four has been abused during pregnancy. Women and children are often in great danger in the place where they should be safe (within the family); home is where they feel safe and protected. But on the contrary, it became the place where they face a regime of violence by a person who is close to them. By a person they should be able to trust. Those victimized suffer physically and psychologically. They are unable to make their own decisions or protect themselves and their children for fear of further repercussions. the abuser can use many forms while abusing the other person , like physical assault ( hitting , slapping , kicking ,throwing objects ) or sexual abuse , controlling ,domineering , economic deprivation ,Verbal abuse and emotional abuse .
Physical abuse intends to cause physical suffering and body harm. It includes hitting, punching, burning and other types of physical injury there is acid attack , and it occurs when acid is thrown at the victim body ,it burn them , damage their skin and sometimes dissolve the bone and cause a scar in their body . Some abusers also take away the right of the victim in receiving medical care. Physical abuse can some time lead to the death of one of them or to them or to both of them. And when people think of domestic violence, they often picture battered women who have been physically assaulted. But not all abusive relationships involve violence. Just because you’re not battered doesn’t mean you’re not being abused. Many men and women suffer from emotional abuse, which is not less destructive.
Unfortunately, emotional abuse is often minimized. Emotional abuse is defined as any behaviour that threatens or undermines the victim self esteem or freedom. Abusers commonly use threats to keep their partners from leaving or to scare them into dropping charges, this includes threatening the victim with harm, or the abuser may threaten to hurt or kill you, your children, or other family members. He may also threaten to commit suicide, file false charges against you, or report you to child services. Or isolation by isolating them In order to increase her dependence herself and the abusive partner will cut her off from the outside world. He may keep her from seeing family or friends, or even prevent her from going to work or school. She may have to ask permission to do anything, go anywhere, or see anyone the abuser will also do everything he to make you feel bad about yourself or defective in some way.
After all, if you believe you’re worthless and that no one else will want you, you’re less likely to leave. Insults, name-calling, shaming, and public put-downs are all weapons of abuse designed to erode your self-esteem and make you feel powerless and they are emotionally abuse. Emotional abuse is designed to confuse and create insecurity in the victim. These behaviours lead the victims to believe that abuse is their fault. And there is also sexual abuse, as in any situation in which you are forced in sexual activity is sexual abuse. Forced sex, even by a spouses an act of aggression and violence. Furthermore, people whose partners abuse them physically and sexually are at a higher risk of being seriously injured or killed. There are a lot of forms of the domestic violence, and for every problem there is a problem and solution, causes and effect. So, we are going to discuss the causes and effects of the domestic violence and how to stop and solve this problem.
The causes of domestic violence are not made clear, but there are several factors that can result in violence. One of the most important is a belief that abuse, whether physical or verbal, is acceptable. Related to that, growing up in a violent home or living within a culture that accepts domestic violence is a factor. A very small percentage of domestic violence cases may be caused by organic or psychiatric impairments Illness based domestic violence cases (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s chorea, etc) are rare, also domestic violence will start when the father or the husband feel that he need to control his family . and he will feel that he need to control the other because low self esteem , jealousy , difficulties in regulating anger , stress and other emotions , or when he is addicted to drugs or alcohols , or when he feel the different between him and the other partner in education or background . And some men think that they have the right to control women according to their traditional beliefs. All of these are causes of domestic violence and we are going to discus some of it.
Addiction to alcohol or drugs does not cause domestic violence, as partner abuse and substance abuse are two separate problems. But they are substances that cause aggression and the abused person use them as an excuse .Alcohol is an important risk factor for partner abuse as it removes the brain’s ability to block against aggressive behaviour. A battering incident that is coupled with alcohol abuse may be more severe and result in greater injury .As they were not in their consciousness, and try to do anything to gain access to what they want. One of the causes of domestic violence is jealousy. And it happen when one partner is suspected to be unfaithful to the other or that he is trying to leave this relationship .sometimes jealousy may come when one partner is jealous from the other successfulness as the women become more successful or gain more money than the husband. it was explained that in such cases in domestic violence is that the male is trying to control the female life sometimes they jealous is used as an excuse but it will still an excuse and they use it for more control.
There is also the stress, and stress may be increased when a person is living in a family situation, with the increase of pressures and Social stresses, due to inadequate finances or other such problems in a family may further increase tensions. Violence is not always caused by stress, but may be some people respond to stress. Especially Families and couples in poverty may be more likely to experience domestic violence, due to the increase of stress and conflicts about finances and other aspects. And it is suggests that when the man is unable to economically support his wife, and maintain control, he may turn to misogyny, and start the violence with his family. Domestic violence is often linked to poor self-esteem. A child growing up in a violent home is likely to have very little self-worth.
He may be engaged in a pattern of negative self-talk. “If I were any good, my father wouldn’t beat me. I’ll never amount to anything.” As a young man, his frustration and isolation may grow and, along with it, a hidden anger due to his feelings of helplessness. Anger is a major source of fuel that will fan the flames of domestic violence. Customs and traditions are sometimes responsible for maintaining the form of Domestic violence. customs and traditions include son preference for example the desire of a family to have a boy and not a girl, which is strongly prevalent in our Arab countries which can lead to abuse and neglect of girl children and by the family member and sometimes it lead to force marriage and child marriage .
Domestic violence has many causes that do not count, and the causes that we have mentioned are the most important reasons, but not all the reasons for all of these causes, there are consequences that affect a negative impact on the psyche of the mother and children and lead to the destruction of this family. These effects are what we will mention now. And when we talk about the effects of the domestic violence, we will automatically talk about the children. They studied the numbers of children who are exposed to domestic violence globally. The data is from the United Nations Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children (forthcoming, 2006). And this study measures the violence in various countries at home. The numbers estimated by the research are staggering. As many as 275 million children worldwide are exposed to violence in the home. This range is a conservative estimate based on the limitations of the available data.
In actuality, millions more children may be affected by violence in the home. Studies also found that Infants and small children who are exposed to domestic violence and other forms of cruelty at home experience so much added emotional stress that it can harm the development of their brains and had a higher risk of having mental and physical health problems. Because of the consciousness of domestic violence that some children have to face, it also generally impacts how the child develops emotionally, socially, behaviourally as well as cognitively. Children may show emotional problems, cry excessively, or be shy. They also may have difficulty making friends or they will have fear of adults. Children may suffer from depression and too many absences from school. Children may use violence for solving problems at school and home. Children may be at greater risk of being a runaway, being suicidal, or committing criminal acts.
Children who are experiencing stress may show it indifferent ways, including difficulty in sleeping, bedwetting, over-achieving, behavior problems, stomach aches, headaches and diarrhea. While growing, children who are exposing or suffer from abuse may keep on showing signs of problems. Primary-school-age children may have problems with school work, and show poor concentration and focus. They tend not to do as well in school. In one study, forty per cent had lower reading abilities than children from non-violent homes. Personality and behavioral are also problems among children who are exposed to violence .at the home can take the forms of psychosomatic illnesses, depression, suicidal tendencies, and bed-wetting. Later in life, these children are at greater risk for abusing their family and children, substance abuse, juvenile pregnancy and criminal behavior than those raised in homes without violence.
Also When the mother is abused, the children may feel guilty that they cannot protect their mother, or that they are the cause of the trouble. They may themselves be abused, or ignored while the mother attempts to deal with the pain. The rate of children who are abuse is 6-15 times higher in families where the mother is abuse. children get feel harm when they see their parents being yelled at, hit, or slap. They may feel confusion, fear, shame, or think that they caused the problem. Children grow up learning that it’s okay to harm other people or let other people hurt them. A third of all children who see their mothers beaten grow emotional problems. Boys who see their fathers beat their mothers are ten times more likely to be abusive in their adult close relationships. and when we talk about the effect of the domestic violence we cant forget the female or the wife , as the is the one who suffer the most .The effects of violence on the wife health are severe. In addition to the direct injuries from the physical attack, battered woman may suffer from chronic pain, gastrointestinal disorders, psychosomatic symptoms, and eating problems.
Although psychological violence is often considered less harsh than physical abuse, health care providers and advocates around the world are progressively more recognizing that all forms of domestic violence can have overwhelming physical and emotional health effects. Domestic violence is associated with mental health problems such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression. Women who are abused suffer an increased risk of unplanned or early pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. As suffering victims, they are also at an increased risk of substance abuse .according to the studies, women who experience close partner abuse are three times more likely to have gynecological problems than non-abused women.
Once victims leave their doer, they can be astonished with the reality of the amount to which the abuse has taken away their independence. Due to economic abuse and isolation, the victim usually has very little money of their own and few people on whom they can rely when seeking help. This has been shown to be one of the greatest obstacles facing victims of domestic violence , and the strongest factor that can discourage them from leaving their perpetrators. in addition to lacking financial resources, victims of domestic violence often lack particular skills, education, and preparation that are necessary to find profitable employment, and she also may have several children to support. the effects of the domestic violence are countless , and there is also some effects that the people dont know yet . but in order to stop the domestic violence and its effect which not only affect the family , but it also affect the society , we need to find a solution to this problem although any solution wont stop this aggressive act but at least we have to try and do our best .
Domestic violence is a complex problem and there is no one strategy that will work in all situations. To begin with, violence may take place within very different social contexts, and the degree to which it is authorized by a community will naturally influence the kind of strategy needed. Considering the interconnections between the factors responsible for domestic violence – gender dynamics of power, culture and economics – strategies and interventions should be designed within a comprehensive and integrated framework.
first we will start with the family the first place in which we need to find a solution on it. Women Because their life and self-esteem are at risk, women have emerged as the most important agents of change in the struggle against gender-based violence.and thecollective strength and courage of individualwomen has been notable in fighting many forms of violence. Women need to be empowered through education, employment opportunities, legal literacy, and right to inheritance. Human rights education and information regarding domestic violence should be provided to them because this is a matter of their absolute rights. Integrated supportive services, legal intervention and redress should be made available in situations of domestic violence.
Assistance to help women rebuild and recover their lives after violence should be part of the intervention strategy, including counselling, transfer, credit support, and employment.Consistent support for women must be provided by all relevant sectors – the criminal justice system, health, welfare, and the private sector. Support must also beavailable to women via informal networks such as family, friends, neighbours, and local community groups.Community groups and government institutions should be trained to identify women, men, adolescent boys and girls, and children at risk of domestic violence, and to refer them to confidential and accessible services. Where such services are not available, communities must be helped to establish local culturally appropriatemechanisms to support women.
Adolescent girls need all the fortification and support that should be available to adult women. They need clear messages about their rights from society and the educational system. Educational programmes that provide girls with self-esteem and negotiation skills, and improve participation of girls in leadership roles should become part of the school program. Adolescent boys need positive role models and clear messages from the men in their families and society in general that violence against women is not acceptable and that they will be held responsible. In societies, families have relied upon community-based support mechanisms to resolve issues of conflict .The local community therefore needs to be mobilized to oppose domestic violence in its center.
Actions taken by local people may include greater observation of domestic violence situations, offering support for victim-survivors, and challenging men to stop the violence. It is the responsibility of the governments who have ratified international conventions and human rights to harmonize their national laws in line with these instruments. One step towards upholding the right of women to equal defense under the law is to endorse domestic violence legislation that specifically prohibits violence against women. Under this legislation, a woman should have protection from threats and acts of violence, safety and security for herself, her dependents and property, and assistance in continuing her life without further disruption.
at the end domestic violence is a huge problem that we can’t stop over a night , and we can’t just say that is is a big problem and we need to solve it and find a solution , no ,we need to star with our selfs in orderd to be able to pass this problem and be able to live a peaceful life with no violence , Insult ,offense ,illnesses, depression, suicidal tendencies,strees and murder . at the end we just need to say stop domestic violence .
Article: Melinda Smith, M.A., and Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., Domestic Violence and Abuse, http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm , 2014, 18.4.2014. Causes of Domestic Violence, http://www.mchenrycountyturningpoint.org/causes.html , 2012, 8.4.2014. Health effects of domestic violence, http://www.stopvaw.org/health_effects_of_domestic_violence , 2013, 1.5.2014. Domestic violence, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_violence , 2014, 21.3.2014.
UNICEF: domestic violence against women and girls (2000)
UNICEF: Behind Closed Doors the Impact of Domestic Violence on Children Abused Men: The Hidden Side of Domestic Violence by Philip W. Cook – 2009
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