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Disaster Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy was considered a super storm that wreaked havoc on the east coast, in the US. Hurricane Sandy was the largest Atlantic hurricane on record, as well as the second-costliest Atlantic hurricane in history, only surpassed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Hurricane Sandy formed on Oct. 22 and started to dissipate Oct. 31, 2012. The eighteenth named storm and tenth hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, Hurricane Sandy devastated portions of the Caribbean, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States in late October 2012. The Caribbean’s were the first place to be hit, by devastating hurricane Sandy. After the storm became a tropical cyclone on October 22, the Government of Jamaica issued a tropical storm watch for the entire island….

Mass Disaster Victim Identification

The United States and other countries around the world have faced major disasters throughout history. Perhaps the most notable and most remembered among these are the September 11 attacks in the United States, Oklahoma City bombing, and the Swissair Flight 111 crash in Nova Scotia. These and the other major disasters have one thing in common: the number of people who died. With numbers ranging from 50 and reaching as high as 2,000 casualties, the problem arises in identifying the victims. This is where the mass disaster victim identification comes in. Methods were now developed for the identification. Fingerprints, DNA, dental records, and physical identification serve the purpose of identifying victims. Mass disasters are catastrophic events which result in a…

Environmental Disasters

For the purpose of this article an environmental disaster is defined as a specific event caused by human activity that results in a seriously negative effect on the environment. Sometimes a natural disaster can become an environmental disaster, but that is a topic to be discussed elsewhere. In most cases environmental disasters are caused by human error, accident, lack of foresight, corner cutting during industrial processes, greed, or by simple incompetence. In other words without some kind of human intervention they would never have happened. They are also often characterised by firm authoritative denials that anything serious has even happened. Lack of foresight is a common cause of an environmental disaster. In agriculture a classic example of is the increasing…

Hurricane Sandy

1, Background * The outline of hurricane Sandy Hurricane Sandy was formed on October 22 and dissipated on October 31. Its highest winds throughout all the date was 110mph (175km/h) and the lowest pressure was 940hPa. The number of fatalities was 253 in all, and all costs of damage, at least, have risen to $65.6 billion. Affected areas by this hurricane expanded to wide range. This is Hurricane Sandy when it was near peak intensity on October 25. Firstly what is the hurricane? It is an intense tropical depression with a very strong rainstorm. Hurricane has the other different names, typhoon and cyclone, but these don’t have any of differences in terms of their characters, and the difference is only…

Hurricane Katrina and Sandy

On August 28, 2005 Hurricane Katrina was in the Gulf of Mexico were it was a category 5 storm and winds estimated up to 175 miles per hour. At 7:10 am on August 29 hurricane Katrina made landfall in southern Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. It made landfall as a category 3 hurricane and maximum winds up to 135 miles per hour. The hurricane caused a total of 1,833 fatalities. And the damage cost of this hurricane was $ 108 billion dollars. On October 27, 2012 Hurricane Sandy made landfall. Hurricane Sandy affected 24 states, including the entire eastern seaboard from Florida to Maine. It made more damage in New Jersey and New York. Its storm surge hit New York City on…

Risk Management Business Contingency Plan

The qualitative risk analysis performed in a previous report identified eight notable risks associated with setting up a call-center presence in Québec, Canada. As those risks are successfully managed, the call center will commence operation and start handling telephonic insurance requests from mostly French-speaking customers. (Only one-quarter of employees at this center will handle English-speaking calls from Canadian customers.) Because there will be a sole call center in Canada handling 100 percent of the French-speaking calls and one-quarter of English-speaking calls, it will be imperative to establish a business contingency plan, or BCP. Because of the aforementioned propensity for natural disasters in Canada, this plan will address continuity of business in the event of a natural disaster, such as a…

Tsunami: Science and True Natural Disaster

To conclude our report from the understandable of Tsunami happens in Malaysia, there is lot of memorable and sadness when the boxing day. Seven years after Tsunami, while the human dimensions of the tragedy will take much longer to heal the country has made major steps towards recovering from the worst economic effects of the disaster. Apart from unrecoverable losses in human lives, the tsunami would cost us billions of dollars and decades to restore its damage. However, it also provided us a chance to look back at the serious mistakes that we have made when promoting development without considering the natural forces that sustain us. From the lessons given by the tsunami, we recognized that many vital links which…

Natural Disasters

A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, tsunami, volcanic, earthquakes, tornadoes and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population’s resilience, or ability to recover. The causes of natural disasters are many. Human activities play a role in the frequency and severity of disasters. A natural disaster is a disruption in the balance of the environment. The human factor raises the cost, in both property damage and loss of life. Understanding the causes of natural disaster can provide clues to their prevention. volcanic eruptions An…

Hurricane Katrina Disaster Response

Bureaucratic/hierarchical model is a kind of organizational management wherein all the members of the organization contribute for the achievement of its purpose which is to give the best possible performance. It has rules and regulation which the members followed. and the personnel took orders from the top. The advantages of bureaucratic/hierarchical model include the following: its power and technical system is implemented by means of its rules and regulations; these rules are well-defined and managed fairly which are the reasons why members and clients agree and measure up to its authority. It has rights and benefits or privileges which serve as a protection to its members as well as its clients, regardless of their status. Bureaucratic/hierarchical model has the capacity…

Bhopal Gas Tragedy

On the night of December 2, 1984 forty one metric tons of methyl isocyanate also known as MIC was released from the Union Carbide factory in Bhopal. After one year of this incident almost 1800 people dies in this disaster and 320,000 people had been affected by it. By 1991,around 4000 people dies because of the gas in their body. Union carbide was a U.S company that started manufacturing pesticides in Bhopal, India. The valve malfunctioned on the 2nd December 1984 because of which a lot of water got inside the storage tanks where MIC was stored. MIC is very harmful when it comes in contact with water. It starts heating and it turns into a gas which can be…

The Disaster at New Orleans

The city of New Orleans is one of the most culturally diverse urban centers in North America. It was founded in southeastern Louisiana on the banks of the Mississippi River some 180 km away from the Gulf of Mexico. It was built in 1718 on the east bank of the river and south of Lake Pontchartrain. The city was named for Philippe II, Duc d’Orleans, the regent of France during the era of Louis XV. It soon became one of the most active commercial port centers of the country. Its diverse culture later turned it into an international tourist destination (Hass, 2006). Unfortunately, New Orleans was built on a strip of land on the Mississippi Delta that experiences constant sinking…

No Fail-Safe Option by Eugene Robinson

In Eugene Robinson’s article, “No Fail-Safe Option,” he addresses that nuclear power is beginning to look like a “bargain with the devil” (Robinson 226). Robinson, a journalist for The Washington Post, aims his article at the Chernobyl disaster and the unlikeliness of the Fukushima crisis ending with the same result. Even though Japanese engineers struggle to keep the catastrophe from escalating even higher, Robinson says we cannot ignore the fact that nuclear fission is “inherently and uniquely toxic technology” (226). He points out that the “most powerful earthquake in Japan’s recorded history” began a declining chain of events, starting with system failures, fractional meltdowns, and hydrogen detonations at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (226). The Fukushima reactors are an…

Natural hazards and Natural disasters

There is a difference between natural hazardsand natural disasters. A hazard is an event orobject that is a potential source of harm to a community. A disaster occurs as the result of ahazardous event that dramatically affects a community. There are six broad types of hazards:1. Atmospheric Ð for example, cyclones, hailstorms,blizzards or bushfires2. Hydrological Ð for example, flooding, waveaction or glaciers3. Geological Ð for example, earthquakes orvolcanoes4. Biological Ð for example, disease epidemicsand plagues5.Technological Ð for example, accidents, explosionsor hazardous materials6.Human Ð for example, war, crowd stampedeand terrorism. The first four groupings are generally referredto as natural hazards and the last two as humanhazards. It should be noted that some naturalhazards are influenced by the actions andlocations of people….

The Titanic Disaster

John Eaton, one of the co-authors of Titanic: Triumph and Tragedy said that in the summer of 1907, J. Bruce Ismay and Lord James Pirrie, a partner in Harland and Wolff, met to discuss plans to build two ocean liners that will surpass anything built to date. This simple meeting set off a chain of events that led to the death of over 1500 people less than five years later. The two ocean liners were to be called the Olympic and the Titanic. A third ship was added to the plans later. The Titanic’s hull plate was laid in 1909 and a little over two years later, Titanic’s 26,000 ton hull is launched at Harland and Wolff’s shipyard. The ship…

Disaster Preparedness

Name: Rivera, Rosalynd L. Prof. Tiongson Student No.: 2012- 78908 August 8, 2013 National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan: Disaster Preparedness According to the Word Disaster Report of 2012, The Philippines ranks third of the most disaster-prone countries. Because it is situated on a geologically unstable region and is surrounded by many subduction zones that may cause earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, typhoon and tsunamis, it is impossible to stop natural disasters from hitting our country; all we can do is to manage risks. The National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan is established to become the basis of programs and proposals to help make the communities be disaster resilient and has four areas of responsibility that are interlinked, supporting each other….

Closed-book vs closed-notes quiz

1. This is a closed-book, closed-notes quiz. No reference material (including assignments and labs) will be permitted for use during the quiz session. 2. The quiz contains the following types of questions: * Short essay type 3. Place your answers in the space immediately following each question. Quiz Questions 1. What does MAO define? Defines how long a business can be without system or applications before having adverse effects on the mission of the business. 2. Define CSFs for a BIA. The success of recovering critical systems or application necessary in an event that interrupts the services of the business. 3. List four of the seven steps for a contingency plan based on the NIST 800-34 standard. Develop a BIA,…

Week 4 Lab: Assessment Worksheet

1. What is the goal and purpose of a BIA? To identify which business units, operations and process are crucial to the survival of the business. A timeframe in which business functionality must be restored. Also identifies resources that will be necessary for business functionality. 2. Why is a business impact analysis (BIA) an important first step in defining a business continuity plan (BCP)? The BIA identifies the critical and non-critical functions of the business. The BIA provides timeframes for critical functions to resume, for the business to become functional. The BIA estimates the cost related to the failure such as loss of cash flow, salaries for critical employees to recovery from a failure, and the cost of new equipment….

Communication Crisis

Communication and Crisis Many of us know about the devastating hurricane Katrina that took place in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2005, but how many of us actually thought about the communication issues. From the writing of James L Garnett and Alexander Kouzmin,” Hurricane Katrina was as much a communication disaster as it was a natural and bureaucratic disaster. Communication gaps, missed signals, information technology failures, administrative buffering, turf battles, and deliberate and unintentional misinterpretations delayed and handicapped both the recognition of the crisis that Katrina posed and the response to its devastation.” If Americans actually stop and think about it, not only was the media trying to communicate with America on what was happening but also trying to get word…