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The Impact of Membership of the European Union

Edward Heath signed the Treaty of Rome in 1972 to officially join the EU, this decision has affected almost every aspect of the British political system. Laws enacted by the EU are directly applicable to the UK, the British Parliament can’t pass laws in areas where Community Law already exists and British courts must accept and enforce decisions made by the ECJ. One impact of membership of the EU is the proportion of our laws, rules and regulations that now come from the councils of the EU. The estimates of how much of our laws come from the EU vary wildly from under 10 per cent to more than 80 per cent and the EU Commission claims it has diminished…

The European Women’s Lobby

The European Women’s Lobby (EWL) has been actively involved in the recent discussions concerning the European Commission’s 2008 proposed Anti-discrimination Directive which seeks to extend anti-discrimination legislation beyond employment on the grounds of religion or belief, disability, age and sexual orientation. Although sex-based discrimination is not included in the proposed Directive, the EWL welcomes it as an important step towards protecting women from discrimination on other grounds. The proposed Directive responds to and raises many issues, such as the shape of gender equality and anti-discrimination legislation in the EU, the concept of multiple discrimination and the role of equality bodies in protecting individuals’ rights. Within this context, the direction and content of this publication is informed by the EWL seminar,…