1. Discuss the differences between Dewey, Thorndike, Behaviorism and Cognitive theory. a. Dewey argued that children learn best by doing, the idea that education should focus on the whole child and emphasize the child’s adaptation to the environment, reasoned that children should not be just narrowly educated in academic topics but should learn how to think and adapt to a world outside school, and the belief that all children deserve to have a competent education.
Some example are to boost student motivation by highlighting the ways students can use subject matter in the real world, and encourage your students to volunteer at homeless shelters, soup kitchens, nursing homes or other local charities and outreach programs. Thorndike argued that one of schooling’s most important tasks is to hone children’s reasoning skills and promoted the idea that educational psychology must have a scientific base and should focus strongly on measurement.
Thorndike’s behavioral approach to the study of learning guided educational psychology through the first half of the twentieth century. Dewey was not observable and therefore could not be appropriate subject matter for a scientific study of psychology, which he defined as the science of observable behavior and its controlling conditions. Cognitive theory is a learning theory of psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding the thought processes. 2. Which way of “thinking about thinking”, best suits you, as a pre-service teacher?
b.3. What is the most important aspect of education psychology to you? c. The most important aspect of education psychology to me is subject-matter competence because if you don’t fully understand the subject you’re how do you expect the students to fully understand. 4. What were your most important learnings from pages 35-53; list at least five. d. Brain development in middle and late childhood, the brain and children’s education, the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, language and thought.
5. How can you use this information to make yourself an effective practitioner? e. I can use this information to make myself an effective practitioner because I would have the ability to understand how children brains react to certain functions. I could also use this information to enhance my teaching strategies by incorporating different hands on tasks and activities in the lessons.
6. What do you look like as a teacher from the perspective of Gardner (Pgs. 118-119)? What are your characteristics, how does the help the learner? What do you have to do to further assist the learners’ styles? Please give an example using each of Gardner’s eight skills. f.
7. Describe 5 of the newest aspects of brain function that were learned from Chapter 4. Why were these significant to you? g. 8. How can you use this information to address the needs of your future students? h.
9. What I think I know about the brain, learning and teaching now, is: i. Each child have their own learning abilities, each child learn at their own pace 10. What I want to learn now is?j. The different learning styles/ behaviors of children in the classroom and how I can enhance their learning abilities.