Agricultural lands play a vital role in the economies of most developing countries as the main source of their income comes from agriculture products. This is also the reason why most of its citizens are heavily dependent on the benefits that the land could give them. However, according to the International Monetary Fund (2001), an estimated one-fifth of the world’s population is suffering from poverty and sixty-three percent of the world’s poor comes from the rural areas.
Most of the dilemmas of the rural poor could be attributed to the disorganized and distorted government policies especially when it comes to the agricultural sector. Being the case, it is very important that the utilization of these agricultural lands are carefully planned and thought about in order to maximize its benefits. Several options should be analyzed in order to gauge its rewards and drawbacks. The first option is to subdivide the existing lands and redistribute them so that everyone has enough to live on.
One of the main problems of farmers is the inequality or unequal distribution of lands. Some land owners have the luxury to own numerous hectares while some farmers have to till small lands that they don’t even own. Using the aforementioned option would be beneficial because the inequality in the distribution and ownership of the land would be resolved. More people would be able to benefit from the products of these lands. However, if these lands would go into the hands of farmers who don’t have enough resources to cultivate the land then it would simply go to waste.
Second, to combine small and inefficient farms into larger cooperative farms that people would till together. If such option would be practiced, it would benefit more because the collaborative efforts of all the people involved would contribute to the maximization of the land (Business Studies, n. d. ). Their coordinated knowledge would enable them to brainstorm about the best ways by which they could use the land. Furthermore, their combined resources could further sustain the needs of the lands in terms of fertilizers, machineries, etc. s compared to the individual means of each farm owner.
This would also provide greater production of the farm. The only disadvantageous effect of cooperative farming is there is no equal distribution of gains, as the owner of the largest land that joined the merger would always have the upper hand. Third, to open up new land for agriculture. New land for agriculture entails the expansion and development of the agricultural industry. Development of new crops as well as other methods of planting would be easily facilitated because of the added resources in the agriculture sector.
Moreover, it would also aid countries to maximize on the products where they have comparative advantage or goods that they could produce at a lower price as compared with other countries. On the other hand, the adverse consequence of such action is that it would be difficult for the country to shift into a more capital-intensive industry like manufacturing. Putting much emphasis on farming without developing other industries would not be helpful for the country as they would always be dependent in the exportation of natural resources that are very sensitive to the changes in the international market.
Fourth, to look for work in the cities. Seeking jobs in the urban areas would mean larger income for the farmers who would opt to choose a new profession. It would also aid in the personal growth of the individual, as he/she would have the opportunity to try a new a job and eventually gain new skills. However, the dilemma that most developing countries experience in this of option is it worsens the poverty in urban areas. Most of the time people coming from the rural areas contribute to the congestion that is happening in the city.
They could not acquire a reputable job because of stiff competition and they contribute to the growing number of unemployed citizens. The last option is to immigrate to developed countries where opportunities are more readily available. Immigrating to other countries would benefit its workers because of the large amount of salary that they could get especially if converted to their country’s monetary unit. The large compensation might be very beneficial for the employees but this would have very disadvantageous effect for the country. The exodus of these citizens would entail “brain drain” for these developing countries.
Developed countries would benefit from the intellect and skills of these people instead of contributing it to the progress of their own nations. Among all the options that have been analyzed, the best choice would be to create a cooperative farming that would enable small and inefficient farms to be utilized. Creating a cooperative would enable these small farms to operate like large scale farming industry. The combined resources as well as the collaborative effort involved in this kind of method would make the maximization of the land’s benefits more possible as compared to other means.
Moreover, this would also enable the government to aid the development of the agriculture industry by subsidizing these cooperatives without really losing its focus on other parts of its economic growth like progress in capital-intensive industries. The agricultural industry is a driving force in the economy of most developing countries. These lands should be utilized accurately and wisely. Putting in mind that its development would benefit the country and most especially its citizens.
Courtney from Study Moose
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