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Depreciation Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Adjusting Entries – Examples

Let’s work with some examples. We are working with a one year accounting period that ends on 12/31/X2. Let’s use a three step process. Step 1 – Analyze the transaction. Step 2 – Record in the journal. Step 3 – Post to the ledger. Example 1: On 12/31/X2 (before the adjusting process), Supplies, an asset, has a balance of $2,500. Employees take a physical account of the supplies on hand. That physical count reveals that $1,200 of supplies remains. Step 1 ‐‐ The balance of Supplies before the adjusting entry is $2,500. Subtract the amount determined during the physical count ($1,200). The result ($1,300) represents the amount of supplies that have been used up – Supplies Expense. Assets – Supplies…

Depreciation and Cost

1. The primary cause of the current system to fail is the use of a single burden rate. Burden costs of the testing rooms as well as other costs such as admin were grouped into a single cost pool and then divided by the total labor dollars. This resulted to a single burden rate of 145% of direct labor dollars (cost driver). This method is not appropriate for Seligram because the information on the case present that direct labor hours and machine hours vary by product line and activity. In addition, the burden cost of the main and test room also significantly vary. Therefore, using a single burden rate does not provide the true cost of the product, as it…

Pressco Case Study

In reviewing the proposal presented by Pressco, Inc. to provide new mechanical drying equipment at a cost of $2.9 million I have considered the cash flow implications of the purchase in terms of present value of the investment and estimated resulting savings, as well as possible alternatives to purchase, and the current political climate as it affects the business issues of taxation and energy policy. Following this review, it is my recommendation that we enter into a contract for the purchase of the equipment in question before the end of the year for the following reasons. Currently, our tax rate is not particularly favorable. We have experienced some small reductions in the late 1970’s, however the introduction of Supply-Side economics…

Groupe Ariel S.A.

Abstract Groupe Ariel is a company that manufactures and sells printers, copiers and other document production equipment. The case focuses on an investment project in the company’s Mexican subsidiary that would expand operations into a new market, something it been slow to do in the past. Groupe Ariel believes its products have better durability for a lower after-sales service costs and markets it as a competitive advantage. The company is now considering replacing the manual equipment used for recycling in Mexico by new equipment that requires less material and labor costs. 1. Compute the incremental peso cash flows for the life of the project. The incremental cash flows of the next 10 years should be calculated. The initial cash outflow…

Ocean Carriers Case Study Solution

Executive Summary Given the current and expected market conditions, the financial department of the Ocean Carriers Group is to evaluate the potential revenues and expenses of commissioning a new capsize ship for cargo transportation in order to meet a received demand for lease. A recommended approach would consist in analyzing the expectations for the world economy, trends in world trade and potential contracts; however, an estimated time of service should be assigned in order to predict future cash flows. Summary of facts In January 2001, Mary Linn, vice president of Finance for Ocean Carriers, had to decide whether to accept an offered leasing contract for the duration of three years. In the event of acceptance of the above-mentioned contract, the…

While evaluating Apollo Shoes

While evaluating Apollo Shoes, there are some areas of concern that are potential fraudschemes. The fraud can lead to the entire collapse/demise of the company if not corrected.These will also affect the share value and investor confidence. An overview of the process of investigation along with recommendations for the company.As with any company, revenue recognition is an important part of operations of a ApolloShoes. As stated in GAAP standards, revenue generated must be realistic and recognizable.Revenue is recognized when the sale is complete. The sale is approved or paid for and theproduct is handed to the customer or mailed to the desired location. When reviewing the booksfor Apollo Shoes, the numbers are inconsistent with the accounts receivable. Confirmationreceived from customers…

Interco Case

Interco On August 8, 1988, Interco’s board of directors met to discuss, among other matters, a merger proposal from City Capital Associates Limited Partnership. City Capital had offered $64 per common share of Interco on July 28, 1988, and had raised that offer to $70 per share on the morning of August 8. At this board meeting Interco’s financial advisors, Wasserstein, Perella & Co., established a valuation range of $68-$80 per common share of Interco and presented their evaluation of the offer. Given their valuation, Wasserstein Perella advised the Interco board (see Exhibit 1) that the $70 per share offer was inadequate and not in the best interests of the company and its shareholders. The board of directors voted to…

Tax Issues

Prepare a three-page memo (at least 900-1,500 words per page) to John and Jane Smith addressing the issues presented: 1. John Smith tax issues: a. How is the $300,000 treated for purposes of federal tax income? b. How is the $25,000 treated for purposes of federal tax income? c. What is your determination regarding reducing the taxable amount of income for both (a) and (b) above? d. Is it more beneficial to continue leasing the business space or to buy the building? 2. Jane Smith tax issues: a. What are the different tax consequences between paying down the mortgage (debt) and assuming a new mortgage (debt) for federal income tax purposes? b. Can John and Jane Smith utilize a 1031…

Financial Data Analysis

Financial Data Analysis Since 1975, Patton Fuller Community Hospital (PFCH) has been serving the people of the Kelsey and the surrounding communities. PFCH is a for-profit organization and is owned by physician active within the facility. Owned by the physicians active at the hospital, the organization is governed by a 14 member board of directors, which consist of 12 physician-owners, with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) as non-voting members. The facility is dedicated to providing cutting-edge medical services. PFCH commitment to quality patient care has allowed the facility to grow to where it is today. As a 600-bed, full-service hospital, Patton Fuller Community Hospital is the premier healthcare facility in the Northwest Valley. According…

East Coast Yachts cash flows

When looking at a statement of cash flow it’s essential to find out what resources are being used under the operations category. As our text states, operating cash flow is really the cash flow generated by business activities, including sales of goods and services. Under this category organizations can also calculate tax payments, but not financing, capital spending, or changes in net working capital (Ross, Westerfield, Jaffe, & Jordan, 2009). When examining the East Coast Yachts cash flow statement we can see operating costs are just high enough to finance the company’s purchase of fixed assets. Understanding what information is under each category is a key concept to understanding how the cash flow statement is set up. Which cash flows…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Historical Cost Accounting

Historical cost accounting has been a controversial method that experienced many criticisms over a period of time, especially since it considers the acquisition cost of an asset and does not recognize the current market value. Merits and demerits of this method are as follows. The most obvious advantage of HC accounting is objectivity. It is a predominantly objective system, which records the original cost of an item when it was purchased. Under historical cost accounting there is no room for manipulation and “the data is supported by independent documentary evidence, such as invoice, statement, cheque counterfoil, receipt or voucher.”(Elliott and Elliott:43) Any other method for recording transactions would be less objectives since the amount being recorded would depend on individual…

Capital Budgeting Methods and Cash

In the early 1990s, the farm economy in the heartland of the United States was weak. Farmers in North Dakota produced hard, amber Durham wheat and exported 75% to Italy for the production of high quality pasta. Prices for raw wheat fluctuated radically, depending on weather and growing conditions. Many farmers were having difficulty meeting payments for the expensive farm machin- ery required for crop production. Small family farms were disappearing and non-farm jobs in the area were scarce. Although consumers were paying record prices for food, many farmers felt that processors, who converted the raw grains into finished products for sale in grocery stores, were generating large profits. Jim Strongbeard, one of North Dakota’s largest wheat growers, read an…

Balance sheet

According to the depreciation rates used by the company and described in the Production Cost Report, if a company adds 50 new workstations at a cost of $250,000 each and also spends $5 million for an addition to its assembly plant to accommodate the new workstations. According to the cost allocation methods used in the company’s accounting system and described in the Help section for the Operations Report for any of the four geographic regions, if a company spends $5 million to advertise its camera lines in North America, assembles and ships 300,000 entry-level cameras and 200,000 multi-featured cameras to its North American dealers, derives revenues of $80 million from its sales of entry-level cameras and $120 million from the…

Final Paper Cost Accounting

Principles of Accounting II Cost Accounting Accounting is the accumulation and aggregation of info for decision makers including administrators, traders, authorities, loan providers, as well as the general public. Accounting systems impact behavior and administration and have effects across divisions, companies, and even nations. This report will provide the reader a knowledge regarding cost accounting. This report will talk about: Why is cost accounting so essential to the achievement of the company; what are the different ways of cost accounting and how are they utilized; how does an operating budget work in order to control a firms administration; what are the factors of a financial budget; how are financial budgets developed; what is variance analysis and the way its utilized….

Week 6 Assignment

E10-1(Acquisition Costs of Realty) The expenditures and receipts below are related to land, land improvements, and buildings acquired for use in a business enterprise. The receipts are enclosed in parentheses. (a) Money borrowed to pay building contractor (signed a note) $(275,000) (b) Payment for construction from note proceeds 275,000 (c) Cost of land fill and clearing 10,000 (d)Delinquent real estate taxes on property assumed by purchaser 7,000 (e) Premium on 6-month insurance policy during construction 6,000 (f) Refund of 1-month insurance premium because construction completed early (1,000) (g) Architect’s fee on building 25,000 (h) Cost of real estate purchased as a plant site (land $200,000 and building $50,000) 250,000 (i) Commission fee paid to real estate agency 9,000 (j) Installation…

China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation

The net profit figure of RMB 19,011 reported under PRC GAAP was increased to RMB 21,593 under IFRS. The increase of RMB 2,582 under IFRS was due to the following reasons: Dep. and disposal of oil and gas properties RMB3,044 Acquisition of subsidiaries 443 Capitalization of general borrowing costs 389 Gain from issuance of shares by subsidiary 136 Gain from debt restructuring 82 Revaluation of land use rights 18 4,112 Unrecognized losses of subsidiaries (182) Pre-operating expenditures (169) Effect on taxation (1,179)(1,530) 2,582 The net profit figure of RMB 21,593 reported under IFRS was increased to RMB 25,577 under U.S. GAAP. The increase of RMB 3,984 under U.S. GAAP was due to the following reasons: Dep. of revalued PPE RMB…

Pretax accounting income

On January 1, 2010, Ameen Company purchased a building for $36 million. Ameen uses straight-line depreciation for financial statement reporting and MACRS for income tax reporting. At December 31, 2012, the carrying value of the building was $30 million and its tax basis was $20 million. At December 31, 2013, the carrying value of the building was $28 million and its tax basis was $13 million. There were no other temporary differences and no permanent differences. Pretax accounting income for 2013 was $45 million.On January 1, 2010, Ameen Company purchased a building for $36 million. Ameen uses straight-line depreciation for financial statement reporting and MACRS for income tax reporting. At December 31, 2012, the carrying value of the building was…

US GAAP versus IFRS

Due to the controversy economies have had towards which method to use for accounting, there has been a compromise to converge the two most commonly used methods – GAAP and IFRS. However, these two methods are still very different. The convergence project has yet to be completed; in the meantime, more and more countries are running towards the IFRS since it is more reliable and relevant. The main difference between these two methods is the US GAAP is rule-based while the IFRS is principle-based; this means that the US GAAP makes its decisions based on research and literature, while the IFRS bases its decisions on patterns that result in facts. A deeper look into the differences between these two methodologies…

Fonderia di Torino, S. p. A Case Study

In late 2000, Francesca Cerini, managing director of Fonderia di Torino, is contemplating purchasing a new automated molding machine. Fonderia di Torino is a company that specialized in the production of precision metal castings for use in products like automotive, aerospace, and construction equipment. The company, located in Italy, is known for the quality and craftsmanship of its work. Through this reputation, Fonderia di Torino has been able to secure deals with companies like BMW, Ferrari, and Peugeot. Cerini needs to decide if the new machine, “The Vulcan Mold-Maker” is worth replacing his current machines. 1) To decide whether to purchase the machine or not, Cerini must compute the net present value of both products. In order to start, he…

Case Starbucks

a. Assuming that Starbucks had no significant permanent differences between book income and taxable income, did income before taxes for financial reporting exceed or fall short of taxable income for 2012? Explain. Taxable income before income tax is $2,059 million, and taxable income should minus $674.4 million. So income before taxes exceeds taxable income. b. Will the adjustment to net income for deferred taxes to compute cash flow from operations in the statement of cash flows result in an addition or subtraction for 2012? There will be a subtraction from net income for deferred taxes to compute cash flow. c. Starbucks rents retail space for its coffee shops. It must recognize rent expense as it uses rental facilities but cannot…

South Delaware Coors, Inc. Proforma Income Statement

Revenues /Sales: Estimated revenues are computed by using a combination of study A, B, C, and I. Revenues are computed as follows: per capita consumption (41.9) * population (160.85) * market share (.083) = total estimated gallons sold (559.388 thousand). Case/bottle beer accounts for 75% of consumption and keg beer accounts for 25% of consumption. Thus, 419.54 thousand gallons are from case/bottle beer while 139.85 thousand gallons come from keg beer. Wholesale price per gallon for bottle/can beer is calculated to be $7.65. We are using $4.32 for the wholesale six-pack price because a perceptual map analysis indicated that Coors, Budweiser, and Miller Lite are positioned similarly in consumers’ minds. Study I shows both Budweiser and Miller Lite pricing at…

Final Exam

1. (TCO A) On what should the government-wide financial statements report? 2. (TCO B) According to GASB standards, when should transfers be recognized? 3. (TCO C) Comparisons of budgeted versus actual revenues and expenditures are a requirement of which of the following situations? 4. (TCO D) The revenues account of a government entity is debited when 5. (TCO E) During the year, a wealthy local businessman donated a building to city of Perris. The original cost of the building was $340,000. Accumulated depreciation at the date of the gift amounted to $220,000. The appraised fair market value of the donation at the date of the gift was $525,000 of which $35,000 was the value of the land on which the…

Amsterdam Company

Question 2 Presented below is information related to Rembrandt Inc.’s inventory. (per unit)SkisBootsParkas Historical Cost273.79152.7576.37 Selling Price312.70208.95106.27 Cost to distribute27.3811.533.60 Current replacement cost292.52151.3173.49 Normal profit margin46.1141.7930.62 Determine the following: Question 3 Matlock Company uses a perpetual inventory system. Its beginning inventory consists of 67 units that cost $40 each. During June, the company purchased 202 units at $40 each, returned 8 units for credit, and sold 168 units at $67 each. Journalize the June transactions. Question 4 Amsterdam Company uses a periodic inventory system. For April, when the company sold 700 units, the following information is available. Compute the April 30 inventory and the April cost of goods sold using the average cost method. Question 5 Amsterdam Company uses a…

The intangible assets section of the balance sheet

E12-1 (Classification Issues—Intangibles) Presented below is a list of items that could be included in the intangible assets section of the balance sheet. Instructions (a)Indicate which items on the list above would generally be reported as intangible assets in the balance sheet. 13.Goodwill acquired in the purchase of a business. 15.Cost of purchasing a patent from an inventor 16.Legal costs incurred in securing a patent. 17.Unrecovered costs of a successful legal suit to protect the patent. 23.Cost of purchasing a trademark 19.Cost of purchasing a copyright. 10.Purchase cost of a franchise. (b)Indicate how, if at all, the items not reportable as intangible assets would be reported in the financial statements. 1.Investment in a subsidiary company. – long term investments 2.Timberland….

Final Exam: Corporations

Question 1: Buttercup Corporation issued 250 shares of $11 par value common stock for $4,125. Prepare Buttercup’ journal entry. Question 2: Wilco Corporation has the following account balances at December 31, 2012. Common stock, $5 par value $511,670 Treasury stock 95,260 Retained earnings 2,400,840 Paid-in capital in excess of par 1,320,150 Prepare Wilco’s December 31, 2012, stockholders’ equity section Question 3: Woolford Inc. declared a cash dividend of $1.38 per share on its 2.22 million outstanding shares. The dividend was declared on August 1, payable on September 9 to all stockholders of record on August 15. Prepare the journal entries necessary on those three dates. Question 4: The outstanding capital stock of Pennington Corporation consists of 3,100 shares of $109…

Quiz 2 answers

CHAPTER 11 In the current year, Rich has a $40,000 loss from a business he owns. His at-risk amount at the end of the year, prior to considering the current year loss, is $24,000. He will be allowed to deduct the $40,000 loss this year if he is a material participant in the businessCorrect Answer: False Judy owns a 20% interest in a partnership in which her at-risk amount was $35,000 at the beginning of the year. The partnership borrowed $50,000 on a recourse note and made a $40,000 profit during the year. Her at-risk amount at the end of the year is $53,000 Correct Answer: True Kelly, who earns a yearly salary of $120,000, sold an activity with a…

Acc 422 final exams

1) Which of the following is NOT considered cash for financial reporting purposes? 2) What is the preferable presentation of accounts receivable from officers, employees, or affiliated companies on a balance sheet? 3) Which of the following is considered cash? 4) If a company employs the gross method of recording accounts receivable from customers, then sales discounts taken should be reported as 5) Assuming that the ideal measure of short-term receivables in the balance sheet is the discounted value of the cash to be received in the future, failure to follow this practice usually does NOT make the balance sheet misleading because 6) Which of the following methods of determining annual bad debt expense best achieves the matching concept? 7)…

Budget Management Anylasis

The first step in cost-variance analysis is developing a budget; this is an assumption of all cost in the hospital (Miller & Ryan, 1995). The second step is to collect information on accurate cost accounting (Miller & Ryan, 1995). It can be challenging for healthcare organizations to develop a budget or cost-variance analysis because of the complexity of the healthcare economy. Using the hospital of phoenix budgeted costs were compared to actual utilization. Several variances exist in all categories. Developing an accurate budget is one strategy to manage a budget within the forecast. Collected data and accounting resources can help management to formulate an accurate budget. Other strategies can come from surveying all parts of the hospital to get the…

Accrual Basis over Cash Basis Accounting

There are two accounting methods that companies use to report revenues and expenses. The two methods are the accrual basis and cash basis. The difference in the accounting processes will fundamentally change the way the organization reports its cash, so a decision must be made prior to recording any transactions. Accrual Basis Accounting Accrual basis accounting is the method accepted by commercial accounting and the general accepted accounting principles. “Accrual-basis accounting means that transactions that change a company’s financial statements are recorded in the periods in which the event occur, even if the cash was not exchanged.” (Kimmel, Weygandt, & Kieso, 2009) This accounting method follows both the revenue recognition principle, by reporting the revenue when it is earned and…

Tesca Works Inc. Analysis

Question 1 How much importance should be given to the energy cost situation? With the rapid development of competitive global economy, energy prices are soaring, and environmental regulations are increasing. Therefore, it is more critical for companies to acquire the ability to timely analyze and control operating costs. In order to achieve the goal of reducing cost and increasing profit, everyone is looking for effective ways to lower energy Costs, reduce Consumption and minimize their Carbon and environmental impact. In this case, Tesca Works Inc. is not the exception which disagree the importance of reducing energy cost and environmental pollution. Therefore, according to the situation presented in this case, there are two aspects that Tesca Works Inc. should consider about….