American education policy has been formulated and shaped through the three major cartels of institutions. These are social, political and economic which have led to the transitions from one system to another. Although education has profound effects in all the institution, education and politics are seen to have much great effects on each other in terms of policy formulation.
Due to the distribution of the political power in the American states, more effects on education systems, requirements and policies are formulated through the political institutions. The American federal government not only checks the economy generating institutions by they are obliged to check on other institutions which includes all the learning academic institutions in ensuring their management is smooth that enhances consolidation of the right composition of the community in term of balancing economic, social and political factors.
For the past several decades, the education system in the state has endeavored to have sound political order as a measure of the proliferation of education through innovation of modern knowledge and also in the transfer of the traditional original knowledge, a portrayal of the intimacy of both politics and education. Though education is considered very paramount to all residents, the population of the American comprises of wide number of persons from different races and ethnic groups. This poses very great challenge in creating a learning environment with equality in term of cultural satisfaction.
However, through the learning process, the gap between the various ethnic groups with the diversity of culture has been narrowed in private, public and common schools. Despite the struggle to harmonize the education systems in the states, quality of the education has been of prime priority to meet the worlds output in information access and gain that enhance social life. The adaptation of mono-culture by globalization of culture through education systems has not only made the states impoverished but it has also led to specific ethnic groups to get impoverished.
Generally, the diversity of culture was initially being abolished through the process of assimilation in United States. The success of it all lied within the choice by an individual by voluntary means; however, there was a milestone for those who were involuntarily being assimilated including the Native American and African Americans among others. The education process was thus going to ultimately be challenged and fail its goals due to the negative view from these communities.
The based for education though encountered with difficulty was to trace its way forward by instituting equality with the observations of three main cultural factors for the native Americans that included, protestant ideology, savage-to-civilaztion paradigm of social evolution and final the manifest destiny ideology. The education policy in the Hawaiians was fraud and had inherent discriminatory factors within it. This was policy which was created to exploit and tortures the then native residents in the state.
The political stance was eroded with the much pertinent problem more land of expanding the territories politically. Leaders and other prominent favored the oppressive application of the factors of manifest destiny that used segregating in the educational institutions. By imposing segregation policy within the learning organization, the native were barred from knowledge access making the viable for cheap labor in the grabbed agricultural sugar plantations. The segregation policy which was applied in the denied the native Hawaiians from easy educations access.
When education centre were available for the whites, the native Hawaiians had to struggles to gain the knowledge which was though to transform their live socially economically and politically. This raised a lot of concern making great men like Jefferson to think of the purpose of education as tool for enslaving the society rather than a freeing them. The education policy created a gap in the society causing stratification of society into several classes whereby the native Hawaiians were forced to the lowest class in all dimension of social, economic and politic concern.
This was contrary to the formation of certain schools such as those of brown decision that had the vision of abolishing the disparities in all these factors in the society. Besides the maintaining of the pervasive policy of segregation in Hawaii, this policy has sometime been sandwich to eliminate Hawaiians cultures through changes of the religious believes. Under the disguise of advancing education progressiveness in Hawaii, religious assimilation has played a major role tackily in instituting changes of cultures.
The Catholicons and the Protestants tried to battle for their followers which created a better chance for more Hawaiians to have eased way of education under the common schools in the expense and lose of their culture. Though this was far most of merit in opening up learning centre, the natives felt the pinch of having to adapt to the new language that was used as the teaching language making them strained in their understanding. Education systems in Hawaii have great challenges in solving the oppressive policy which for a long time has seen few admissions of the native marginalized communities in those sponsored schools.
This call for establishment of more school that are neutral in the cultural institutionalizing neither with hidden motives of praising their own cultures nor superior on traditional basis nor on religious base. It is anticipated that the impingement that have been inflicted on these marginalized population can also be remedied by ensuring that affirmative action of admission to education centers. Reference: Heck, R and Maenette, P. (1998), Culture and Educational Policy in Hawaii: The Silencing of Native Voices: Routledge .