Culture, generally, has a diverse meaning; however, throughout times, people has frequently applied culture to depict an excellent taste in humanities and fine arts; or a fixed pattern of human behavior, belief, and knowledge that depends upon the competence for social learning and symbolic thought; or the set of shared practices, goals, values, and attitudes that distinguishes a group, organization or institution. With this regard, this paper aims to study the basic but apparent differences of the Arapesh and Tchambuli cultures. Arapesh
The Arapesh are people from the north-western area of New Guinea. Arapesh are unproblematic people, given that the entire journey of existence is centered on growing animals, plants and children. Arapesh are ethnologically low profile, and adults are temperate and good-natured. I. Responsibilities Both men and women in Arapesh culture are accepted to be equal (Voelker, 2007). Cooperativeness, responsiveness, submissiveness, and gentleness are the fundamental qualities that both sexes are inculcating in doing their respective tasks.
Moreover, Arapesh culture is very trouble-free given that both parents are willing to raise their children, and although mothers devote more time than fathers, both parents are often pleased in the aforesaid task. II. Marriage Practices Marriage involves bride-wealth payments and initiates an acquaintance by moving raw meat and shell valuables from the groom’s ancestry group to the bride’s group. Polygamy is widespread and men with at least two wives benefit in several social, economic, and political ways; however, polygamy is commonly the result of levirate.
Tchambuli Tchambuli culture is part of the far-reaching Iatmul culture. Contrary to Arapesh culture, which acknowledge the equal autonomy of males and females, divergent dispositions is developed among the Tchambuli men and women, with the man being responsive and the woman being dominant. Accordingly, the women are the hearty and vigorous, while the men are generally responsible of the household (Voelker, 2007). I. Responsibilities
In Tchambuli culture, the women are the more dominant sex, are emotionally independent, and are the managers of business and money in the home. The men are in every respect dependent on women, emotionally and financially, as well as on women’s decisions. Moreover, women consider men as annoyances during the early stages of child rearing. Tchambuli boys and girls are treated in a similar way until they reach the age of six or seven, when the women start to include these girls in various work activities.
As a result of being left out, the boys grow up passive, gossipy, devious, dependent on the judgments of others, and fearful. II. Marriage Practices The neglects and jealousies during childhood shaped the Tchambuli men’s disposition; accordingly, polygamy among men is rare, even though permitted. All the same, a man chooses his own bride and pays bride-price to the latter’s family. During courtships, women feel entitled to be pleased, so men do their best in order to charm and please the women. Conclusion
Taken as a whole, women are more dominant than men in the Tchambuli culture; while in Arapesh culture, both men and women are expected to be equal. The dominant feature of Arapesh culture is basically the result of its customary division of labor, which resulted to an equal treatment among the men and women; whereas the Tchambuli culture is basically the result of the early exposure of women to various work activities, which in turn resulted to women being in charge in most indispensable responsibilities of the household.
Without a doubt, these two diverse cultures developed a different set of shared practices, goals, values, and attitudes that ultimately characterized their respective members’ personalities and identities. Reference Voelker, M. L. (Ed. ). (2007). Margaret Mead. Minnesota State University. Retrieved May 20, 2009, from http://www. mnsu. edu/emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mead_margaret. html