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Counterterrorism Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Counterterrorism: The F.I.S.C.

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) was established by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978. The FISC was originally composed of seven judges from the federal district, appointed by the Chief Justice. However, with the passing of the Patriot Act in 2001, the FISC gained an additional three judges. The Patriot Act also requires that a minimum of three, out of the 11 judges, must be from districts within a distance not to exceed 20 miles of the District of Columbia (Tien, 2001). According to the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution, a search warrant cannot be granted without probable cause. However, under FISA guidelines, a surveillance order is granted if there is probable cause, but only if the…