Examples a. Moral – protect the weak, stand up for the downtrodden, love everyone as much as you can and more every day, jump on any and all opportunities to save an innocent life, do your best to live up to your potential for the betterment of the world. Doing what is right because it is right, feeding a starving child, giving your coat to a homeless person, taking foster children and caring for them well, standing for what you know is right. 2. Amoral does not concern with any moral standard. Examples a.
Amoral – chew gum, play baseball, speak French, swim in the ocean, jump in a puddle, not caring if something is right or wrong. Driving, shooting a gun, internet, reading, watching TV 3. Immoral does not act in conformity with accepted principles. Examples a. Immoral – murder for profit, treat people as tools for your advancement in business, betray your word, make decisions based on vengeance, initiate non-consensual sex, cheating on the stock market, lying maliciously, stealing, drag racing in the community at 11pm or early morning, murder, incest, doing another’s homework
Different definitions of Morality a. Morality is a response to God’s incredible, freely given love and His gift of salvation offered to us through our Lord Jesus. b. Morality is a science, concerned about what ought to be , judging right from wrong in the light of revelation, one’s act of responsibility, and responding to all personal invitation of Jesus. c. Morality is searching for the norms (standards) of free human conduct in the light of revelation. d. Morality is how humans relate to or treat one another to promote mutual welfare, growth and meaning in striving for good over bad and right over wrong.
e. Morality is a system or principles by which we can determine if our conduct is right or wrong, these moral ways of acting are found through our good sense. B. DIFFERENT CONCEPTS OF MAN Who is man? Karl Marx: Man is controlled by the economic organization of society. Charles Darwin: Life evolves from simple to complex form through an evolutionary process. Man struggled for existence. B. F. Skinner: All human actions are actually the result of stimuli from our environment and no person can act out of his own will.
Freedom may only appear to be so because the external forces which control our action are not noticeable. Signum Freud: Man is controlled by instinct. We are not creature of reason but of instinct, particularly sexual instinct and the instinct of self-preservation. Martin Heidegger: man is the past, the present and the future. Time is an important element in the life of man. Christians: Christians are those who decide their own course of life because they know that “not to decide is to decide.
” The Christians relate positively towards others because they have accepted in faith the Word of God. Passages: The dignity of the human person is rooted in his creation in the image and likeness of God; it is fulfilled in his vocation to divine beatitude. By his reason, man recognizes the voice of God which urges him to do what is good and avoid what is evil. Everyone is obliged to follow the law, which makes itself heard in conscience and is fulfilled in the love of God and neighbor.
Living a moral life bears witness to the dignity of the person. -from the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Man though made of body and soul, is a unity. Through his bodily condition, he sums up in himself the elements of the material world. Through Jesus, man is brought to the highest perfection and can raise his voice in praise freely given to the Creator. Man is obliged to regard his body as good and to hold it in honor since God has created it and will raise it up on the last day. -from the Vatican II, Church in the Modern World.
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