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Computer Aided Instruction Essay

1.0 Introduction
1.1Background of the Study
Bagbag National High School is one of those schools that include computer subject in their curriculum. The School wants to equip their students to become knowledgeable in computer. Bagbag National High School was established in the year1967 when President Ferdinand E Marcos approved the Presidential degree that arms on the urgent needs of the high school in every baranggay and that reaches out poor children in rural areas who cannot afford to study in private school due to financial difficulty. It began operatively from a single room made of sawali with fire teachers composed of four female and a male built through the joint efforts of the PTA Officers pioneered by Luis Pasco Sr. and Ligtong Elementary School Principal, Ms. Lilia Santos in 1968 within the locate of Ligtong Elementary School, Ligtong Rosario Cavite, initially known as Ligtong Community High School. (LCHS) In the same year elementary and high school were separated as ordered. The teachers of ligtong baranggay High School sought assistance from the former Mayor Atty. Ernesto Andico and Governor Johnny Remulla to find a new site for the high school. Fortunately the Philippines National on Company (PNOC) donated a parcel of land measuring 14,933.5 Square meters in 1991 considering that the site was a farm land and it was indeed four years of former Congressman Jun Nazareno fencing of the vicinity of the school was made possible. The construction of the first school building was through the assistance of Japan International Cooperating Agency amounting 1.5m pesos. This school was spearheaded by Mrs. Emilina L. Barlao the school principal. Currently Bagbag National High School has 64 faculties and staff. The school also has 2,143 students. This school offers Elementary and highschool education. They have 30 computers in their Computer Laboratory. The school currently offers computer subjects to 3rd year and 4rth year high school students. The teachers of the 4rth yr student’s who we interviewed revealed that other students in 4rth yr cannot easily understand the Mathematics subject because there are so many student on every room and that causes some of them to not understand well what the teacher is talking about.. So this is the reason why we planned to make the system CAI. To help the students who can’t understand math easily also to help the instructor in Math to teach the Math subject.

1.2 Statement of the Problem.
1.2.1 General Problem
How to design, develop and implement a Computer Aided Instruction in
Mathematics for 4rth year student in Bagbag National High School.
1.2.2 Specific Problem
1. How to create a module that can increase student’s interest in mathematics subject? The other student who can’t get understand math easily, think that math is so hard subject for them. Because it all about number and difficult problems. So we need to create a module that can give them interest to study the math subject. 2. How to design a module that will monitor the student’s progress in Mathematics. The teacher of the students needs to manually check the written exercises and examination of each student to monitor if the students understand the lessons taken in math subject. 3. How to create a module that can test the learning comprehension of each student in mathematics subject? The teachers need to provide written examination. The teacher needs to give a sample to be solved by the students. 1.3Objective of the Study

1.3.1 General Objective
The main objective of the study is to design, develop and implement a Computer Aided Instruction in Mathematics for Bag Bag National High School.
1.2.3 Specific Objective
1. To create a module that can increase student’s interest in Mathematics subject
2. Design a module that will monitor the student’s progress in mathematics subject. The system generates individual history report and summary report this help to the teacher in monitoring students progress on math subject. 3. To create a module that can test the learning comprehension of each student in Mathematics subject. Quizzes and seatwork were provided to enhance their knowledge and test their comprehension from lessons they have taken. 1.4 Significance of the Study

1.4.1 4th Year Students
The 4rth year student as the users will be benefited by the system. Aside
from being additional tool in learning Mathematics subjects, the system also introduce the user into world of computer based-learning. The system will capture the student’s attention because the system is interactive and will engage the student’s competitiveness to improve their skills by improving their score in quizzes and chapter examination.

1.4.2. Teacher
Through the progress report of the system, the teacher can monitor the students who are fast and slow learners. The teacher can make sure that the pupils have enough understanding of the lesson before proceeding to the next lessons.

1.4.3Bag Bag National High School
Computer Aided Instruction in Mathematics can help BagBag National High School to provide additional tool for students in learning math subject.
Through the system, the proponents can enhanced their skills and knowledge through brainstorming and group work.
1.4.5Future Researchers
The system can serve as a basis or guides for future researchers who will be having similar studies.

1.5Scope and Limitation
* The contents of the system are the basic lessons regarding Mathematics subject of the student. * Quizzes and examination were provided to know the outcome of the lessons by the 4th yr students. * It generates individual progress report that provides the history of the quizzes and chapter examination taken by the specific user and summary report to monitor the progress of the entire user. * English was used as the medium of instruction.

* The system will not use 3D animation in discussing the lesson. * The study does not cater to changes of the curriculum as well as literacy of the
student in computer fundamentals. * It will not be utilized to completely replace the teachers, but it will provide additional tool for a student to cope up with his/her studies.

A prototype is the sample implementation of the system that shows limited and main functional capabilities of the proposed system. After a prototype is built, it is delivered to the customer for the evaluation. The prototype helps the customer determine how the feature will function in the final software. The customer provides suggestion and improvements on the prototype. The development team implements the suggestion in the new prototype, which is again evaluated by the customer. The process continues until the customer and the development team understands the exact requirement of the proposed system. Requirements Gathering



Requirements gathering are an essential part of any project and project management. Understanding fully what a project will deliver is critical to its success. This may sound like common sense, but surprisingly it’s an area that is often given far too little attention. Many projects start with the barest headline list of requirements, only to find later the customers’ needs have not been properly understood.

Systems analysis is a process of collecting factual data, understand the processes involved, identifying problems and recommending feasible suggestions for improving the system functioning. This involves studying the business processes, gathering operational data, understand the information
flow, finding out bottlenecks and evolving solutions for overcoming the weaknesses of the system so as to achieve the organizational goals. System Analysis also includes subdividing of complex process involving the entire system, identification of data store and manual processes.

Based on the user requirements and the detailed analysis of a new system, the new system must be designed. This is the phase of system designing. It is the most crucial phase in the development of a system. The logical system design arrived at as a result of system analysis and is converted into physical system design. In the design phase the SDLC process continues to move from the questions of the analysis phase to the how. The logical design produced during the analysis is turned into a physical design – a detailed description of what is needed to solve original problem. Input, output, databases, forms, codification schemes and processing specifications are drawn up in detail. In the design stage, the programming language and the hardware and software platform in which the new system will run are also decided. Data structure, control process, equipment source, workload and limitation of the system, Interface, documentation, training, procedures of using the system, taking backups and staffing requirement are decided at this stage.

After having the user acceptance of the new system developed, the implementation phase begins. Implementation is the stage of a project during which theory is turned into practice. The major steps involved in this phase are: * Acquisition and Installation of Hardware and Software

* Conversion
* User Training
* Documentation
The hardware and the relevant software required for running the system must be made fully operational before implementation. The conversion is also one of the most critical and expensive activities in the system development life cycle. The data from the old system needs to be converted to operate in the
new format of the new system. The database needs to be setup with security and recovery procedures fully defined. TEST

Before actually implementing the new system into operations, a test run of the system is done removing all the bugs, if any. It is an important phase of a successful system. After codifying the whole programs of the system, a test plan should be developed and run on a given set of test data. The output of the test run should match the expected results. Sometimes, system testing is considered as a part of implementation process.


Computer Aided Instruction in Mathematics for 4th year Students of BagBag National High School

Proposal Presented to
System Technology Institute
STI College Rosario
In Partial Fulfillment

Of the Requirements for the Degree of
Bachelor of Science in Information Technology

Alberto, KrisJoie G.
Cañete, Lenie Ann J.
Guevarra, Rema Shiela O.

Poblete, Cristina C.
Ms. Mary Rose Musa

September 5, 2013

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