The way the class was maneuver where depended on the teacher who utilizes it. Hence, whatever the technique and style of the teachers in teaching was always the crucial point. No wonder, many teachers were now trying to innovate the old learning styles and replacing it with new and more fun techniques like the Computer Aided Instruction (CAI). Despite the revolutionary advances in the field of computer-based education, technology remains simply a tool. Potentially powerful and stimulating, the computer is only an inert object that can never be a substitute for the personal touch of the classroom teacher. Without proper integration of computers into the curriculum, the benefits of technology to foster children’s learning cannot be fully achieved, regardless of the creative potential of any software used.
Responsibilities of the teacher in the computer-enriched classroom begin before the computer is introduced to the students. In providing a rich, challenging, and appropriate learning environment, teachers must take an active role in selecting the software that will truly enhance children’s learning and development. (McPherson and Nunes, 2004). Over the past 15 years, the fundamental nature and use of technology has changed. Throughout Canada and the United States (US), computer-assisted instruction (CAI) has been used over the years to support student learning. In some of these instances the literature is contradictory. However, many research studies do suggest that CAI was used in appropriately and can have positive impacts on student learning. CAI seems to be especially effective in the area of literacy.
Studies reported significant effects of CAI on reading skills of pre-schoolers, elementary school students, at-risk students, students with Special Needs and English Language Learners (ELL) (Chambers et al., 2008; Stetter & Hughs, 2011). In the Philippines, Liceo de Cagayan University implemented an Interactive Courseware for Preschoolers to develop their social skills. It enhances the traditional way of teacher’s instructional strategies to encourage the pupils’ interests in learning with the computer environment that is creative enough to please them. This Interactive Courseware for Preschoolers is a type of computer-based instruction with its text and animations in a graphical form for the preschoolers to learn interactively with the lessons that are presented with facts and able to have a recap on what they have just learned by taking the interactive quizzes. This can provide the pupils with a more flexible, creative and entertaining environment for their learning experiences.
Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School, Bunawan District, traces its humble beginning from the pioneer, Don Daniel M. Perez and natives of the place. Don Daniel M. Perez selflessly donated a portion of his land which is about 2.2 hectares located along the Davao-Agusan Road. The school is located 24 kilometers from Davao City proper. Presently, the teacher of Kinder-II is still using Instructional Materials (IM’s) and exercising the old fashion in teaching.
Though it was a good tactic, teachers handle too many responsibilities for discussing the topics in order for them to deliver efficiently and effectively to make sure the pupils merely understood them on what they want to impart. In their activities the students are also asked to bring their own materials as their tools in understanding the lessons. The researchers focused in the Kinder II level. The students of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School are the present generation and most probably the benefactor of the future teaching techniques such as CAI.
Based on the interview conducted by the developers, these are the following problems that were identified:
1. Difficulties in pronouncing the words, familiarizing, matching and identifying numbers, colors, objects and letters. 2. Difficulties in counting numbers and objects.
3. Lack of visual representation in describing the topics relevant in the subject matter.
4. Lack of graphic diagram that could aid in identifying the parts of the body.
The motivation of the developers to create and develop software is grounded on the solution to the problems specified by the respondents. It provides information to help or encourage students’ interaction in the classroom discussion to be presented in a multimedia format which includes videos, animations and sound effects. The project aims to aid instructors and modernized its way of teaching such as computers with multimedia simulation to catch the student’s attention in class.
Objectives of the Project
The main objective of the study is to develop an Interactive Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) for Basic Proficiency Learning for Pre-School Kinder-ll Level of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School.
1. Provide the capability to authen
2. ticate authorized user.
1.1 Sensitivity of password as part of the security posture.
3. Provide an effective handling of student record.
3.1 Provide verification control on the data added.
4. Provide the ability to manage class.
4.1 Allow adding of class lesson by subject.
4.2 Able to upload still image and video.
4.3 Provides confirmation control to restrict unauthorized access and free from human error.
5. Provide the capability to administer time-bounded activities.
5.1 Allows adding of questions its answers and duration of activities.
6. Provide embedded videos in learning rhymes.
7. Generate real-time reports.
6.1 Obtain selected profile.
6.2 Furnish list of student’s profile.
6.3 Obtain performance rating by subject area.
Scope and Limitation of the Project
The study being proposed is the Interactive CAI of the Kinder-II Level of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School which focuses on the development of an Interactive Computer Aided Instruction. On the other hand, this will give some resources to be used by the teacher in giving instruction. The system will be able to provide lessons and activities for the following subject: mother tongue, science and mathematics. It also provide realistic illustration that will catch the attention of the students in the form of animated objects; provide a pre-recorded voice in giving instructions, pronouncing words and numbers; provide a video representation for nursery rhymes and lessons; record the students information, score per activity and generate report such as class list and summary of assessment result.
There are two accounts of the system, one for the student and the other one for the teacher. Each student account shall have lessons and activities in the form of multimedia contents, activities that will be given after the end of each lesson. Activity results are being given after the students complete the activity. The teacher is the administrator of the system that has the ability to view contents of the lessons as well as the activities, and can also view the performance rating of every student who’s already done with the activities; verify and retrieve the student’s information. Furthermore, the teacher account has the control to view the nursery rhyme. The system will give a summary of assessment result that can be converted into excel files; it is also capable of retrieving the performance rating by using animated object such stars that depends on their scores of the students based on their activity per lesson.
However, computing the final grades will not be incorporated in the system that the researchers develop.
Significance of the Project
The Interactive Computer-Aided Instruction for Basic Proficiency Learning for Pre-School Kinder II Level of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School will help the administration, students and also the teachers to know more about computer. For the administration, the proposed project of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School will help by improving the previous teaching strategy into an Interactive Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) for Basic Proficiency Learning. Hence, the project will give them the assurance that the students will be able to develop their knowledge and skills in learning. For the student, the project is also beneficial to the students to encourage active learning, as well as their participations and interactivity.
It can also be a help to the students to gain additional knowledge and improve their self-esteem. Through this project, it is a great means to capture the student’s attention. For the teacher, the project is also beneficial to the teachers to lessen their effort in teaching especially to those who are involved in system. For the developers, the proposed project enables the developers to share and improve their knowledge and skills in developing software such as the Interactive Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) for Basic Proficiency Learning for Pre-School Kinder- ll Level of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School.
Operational Definition of Terms
CAI. It refers to educational instruction performed almost entirely by computer and uses mother tongue language, which is Visaya, in the process. Graphical Representation. It is a representation given to the students with the corresponding object like images. Video Representation. It is a video representation given to the students with the corresponding nursery rhyme. Pre-recorded Voice. It refers to the sound of the correct pronunciation of every letter and number. Student. The students of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School who take the subjects of Mathematics and Science at same time the user of the Computer-Aided Instruction Software. Teacher. The teachers of Daniel M. Perez Central Elementary School who will manipulate and teach the students how to exploit the system. Multimedia. The integration of multiple forms of media, this includes text, graphics, audio, video and many more.