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Compare and Contrast Early Civilization Essay

Some of the characteristics in the Indus River Civilization were Harappa Civilization which was formed along the Indus River. On other hand River Dynasties in China was developed in a River Valley. Major cities which were Kalibangan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa. The cities were organized planner, they made of brick to prevent flooding, as well as bathrooms and sewers. The cities in China were divided into class, floods was one of their environmental challenges. The Indus River was more of a peaceful place that had no military. They were never at war because of their dry climate and on each side was water. The River Dynasties in China they were constantly at war and had no obstacles. China and its dynasties are the foundation of this long history. These early dynasties were long recorded and remembered through the oral history.

The Xia dynasty was the first dynasty of Ancient China to exist. The Xia Dynasty began in 2100 B.C. and lasted up to 1800 B.C. The period was the beginning of a class society in Ancient China. The Shang Dynasty developed in response to the faults of the Xia dynasty. Monsoons – seasonal winds that dominate India’s climate. Winter monsoons are dry and summer monsoons are wet. The family was central to Chinese Society. The elder men in the family controlled the family’s property and made important decisions. Women were treated as inferiors and were expected to obey their fathers, their husbands and later their own sons.

China believed that the spirits of family ancestors had the power to bring good fortune or disaster to living members of the family. Unlike China stayed praying to a different supreme god who dealt with rain, wine and thunder named Shang Di. Even the way the two civilizations worshipped their gods was different, the Indus seemed to have been more passive about their religious values unlike the people in China who had had actual rituals. Some of the religious differences that the Indus and China were the civilizations that they believed in. The Indus worshipped a god named Harappan who was a protective image to them, that and praising abundance. In their culture they had a theocracy.


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