Kimberly Thomas: Good Evening, I am Kimberly Thomas. I’m interviewing Hypertension what is a disorder that affects cardiovascular system. Let’s talk about the population and treatment for hypertension. There are a lot of medications for hypertension. What is hypertension? Where do you start for treatment?
Hypertension: Hypertension is high blood pressure. Well, there are several medication treatments for hypertension. Most doctor start patients with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), which is a diuretic. Diuretics are basically known as a water pill, which helps remove excess sodium and water from the body. Second most common medicine for hypertension is beta blockers. Beta blockers help the heart to beat a slower pace with less force. Again, there are several other medication treatments for hypertension, and your primary care physicians will discuss what options are best for you.
Kimberly Thomas: Ok, thank you. Who are at risk of hypertension?
Hypertension: There are some cultures that are more at risk than others. However, certain conditions and habits can put anyone at risk for high blood pressure. According to “Hypertension” (n.d.), “It’s more common in African American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults.” African Americans tend to get high blood pressure early in life. Also, Puerto Rican adults have higher rates of hypertension than any other Hispanic group.
Kimberly Thomas: Why do you think African Americans and Puerto Ricans are more at risk than any other culture?
Hypertension: There are several factors why these two cultures are more at risk than other cultures. According to “Hypertension” (n.d.), “The main factor is the choice of food both cultures eat. Both cultures diet include too much salt.”
Kimberly Thomas: Heredity is a factor correct? Can the individual manage some of the risk factors?
Hypertension: Yes to both of your questions. There are a few things you can do to manage your high blood pressure. If you’re overweight, it’s highly recommend that you start exercising. Eat healthy food low in saturated fat, Trans fat, cholesterol and salt. Limit your alcohol intake, and stop smoking. Always, take medicine the way your doctor tells you.
Kimberly Thomas: I absolutely agree with that.
Kimberly Thomas: What about impact it has on cost?
Hypertension: According to “Hypertension” (n.d.), “In 2010, high blood pressure was projected to cost the United States $93.5 billion in health care services, medications, and missed days of work.”
Kimberly Thomas: How does hypertension impact the society?
Hypertension: The number 1 cause of death in the United States throughout most of the 20th century. Unfortunately, whether the hypertension is treated or untreated, only 34% of Americans with hypertension have their blood pressure controlled to 140/90. An estimated 30 to 35 million Americans have uncontrolled hypertension, and are therefore at unduly increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Kimberly Thomas: I completely agree with you. I think the number one problem we still have today is that there are many people out there who are not being adequately treated. People who are denial of their problem, is unfortunate because there is help for them. Kimberly Thomas: Well, that’s all for today and Thank you for your time.
Hypertension. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hypertension/faqs.htm http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/definition/con-20019580