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Classical conditioning Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Behaviorist psychology

The cornerstone of behaviorist psychology was the view that behavior should be studied as a product of objectively observable events instead of appealing to internal processes of the mind. John B. Watson famous “Little Alert Experiment” was best known as a case study showing and proving evidence of classical conditioning and also an example of stimulus generalization. It was carried out by John B. Watson and his graduate student, Rosalie Rayner, at Johns Hopkins University and its’ first findings were published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology. Little Albert at the age of eight months was given many emotional tests which included, being exposed briefly for the first time, to a white rabbit, a rat, a dog, a monkey, masks…

Classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning

Classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning Classical conditioning is about pairing a stimulus with another stimulus that cause a natural reaction. As a good example of Pavlov’s dog meat powder experiment, the dog meat powder and dog salivating is unconditional reponse which naturally occurred. However, if a dog was given a meat powder after the bell ring, eventually the dog will salivate whenever bell rings even if there are no meat powder, meaning, by pairing the two stimulus the desired behavior will be evoked without the unconditional stimulus which originally used. Operant conditioning is encouraging a particular behavior by positive reinforcers such as rewards or sometimes by punishment. The marketers use this conditioning to attract consumers and as well as keeping…