Short Answer Questions
Address the following based on the above assessment findings. Expected answers will be 1-2 paragraphs in length. Cite and reference outside sources used.
1) Compare and contrast identified similarities as well as differences in expected assessment across the childhood age groups. There are so many differences from the toddler stage to school age. The body and mind go through so many changes. Children are learning so much from being able to drink from a cup, control their bladder and bowels, brushing their teeth, learn values and beliefs, discover independence.
There are so many challenges that they may face as they discover the environment around them. The people that they will meet on the playground, in the library, the store and at school, will help shape their lives. As you have seen that the toddler age child needs structure and guidance while they learn how to do everyday tasks on their own. The preschool child still needs structure and guidance but may start to do things on their own like pour their own milk to dressing themselves. The school age child is learning independence, learning how to be independent, seeking there self-concept and sense of identity.
2) Summarize how a nurse would handle physical assessments, examinations, education, and communication differently with children versus adults. Consider spirituality and cultural differences in your answer. A nurse should always introduce themselves first then they need to be calm, speak softly and earn the child’s trust. Children need to know the step by step process of what will happen, they are usually scared and need reassurance. Get to know what they like, if a child brings in a stuff animal, ask the child what the name is. Let them know you care about them, and what they care about.
They need to be involved as much as they can in their care. Their parents also need to be involved with whatever is going on with their child. Consider the families cultural differences and spirituality regarding treatment, examinations, assessments, communication. When assessing an adult you should introduce yourself first, answer any questions they may have regarding their assessment, treatment and any education that may be given. Ask if they want anyone else involved with their treatment. Make sure all their questions are answered.
How a child develops. (2011, January 1). Retrieved from http://www.howkidsdevelop.com/developSkills.html
Jarvis, C. (2012). Physical Examination & Health Assessment 6th ed. St. Louis, MI: Mosby.
Edelman, C., & Mandle, C., (2010). Health promotion through the life span. 7thed. St. Louis, MI: Mosby.