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Children Life Essay

1.1 Mention the characteristics and needs of children that should be taken into account when selecting suitable literature. Emotions:
Identification: A child must be able to identify with the story. Enjoyment: They must be able to enjoy the story. Moderate emotion: should show some emotion. Security: Child should feel safe. Intellectual Abilities:

The story must be logical (as much as possible) it should also be systematic and consistent. It is more convincing when written from child’s point of view. Normative development:
Should be based on natural feeling for values, without any serious and obvious moralizing. 1.2 What is the value of media in telling a story? Mention five (5) points. Can improve the young child’s visual literacy – e.g. – red light means stop. Can improve visual skills – Acquires the skill of Depth perception. Will help achieve a better understanding of new concepts – pictures are a representation of reality; provide a bridge between the real representation of something and its abstract image. Can stimulate children to use creative language – can let them discuss interesting aspects of an illustration. Can advance the reading readiness of the child. – they need to make fine discriminations and to interpret a series of symbols in order to read and spell. 1.3 Explain how a child’s language development can be improved by telling and reading stories. List your points. Expanding vocabulary

Improving oral Language
Using Creative Language
Creating a desire to read
Listening skills
1.4 How does poetry foster development in young children? Refer to four (4) instances. Can be used to further the child’s total development
1.5 How does children’s literature promote intellectual development? Mention five (5) ways. In aiding their discovery and refinement of new concepts.
Cultivating their proficiency in a range of thinking processes. Furthering their ability to reason logically.
Fostering their critical thinking.
Introducing them to problem solving.

Question 2
Discuss the characteristics of children in the following age groups and explain how this influences the choice of suitable literature.
2.1 Babies
2.2 Children aged one to three years
2.3 Children aged four to five years
2.4 Children in grade R
2.5 Children in the Foundation Phase
2.6 Babies:
2.7 Characteristics
2.8 Influences of suitable Literature
They are busy discovering the world around them. They need continual repetition of what they know and what is familiar. Babies can only give their attention to an activity for a short time. It is vital for them to hear language.

Simple pictures of objects so they will recognize them from their immediate environment. Not much details in pictures, only one subject.
They should sit on your lap so their need for physical contact can be met. Pages should be strong so they cannot be damaged easily.
Children aged one (1) to three (3) years:
Influences of suitable Literature
Rapid language development their vocabulary expands quickly, sentences put together become more correct and complete. Enormously interested in everything that happens around them. Enjoy repetition.

Likes bright, cheerful colors and pictures.
Becoming more skillful, can pick up something with their fingers. Beginning to take an interest in people, things and animals that is not a part of everyday life. Picture books from baby years still favorites.

Picture books can now have themes outside immediate environment. Pictures should be bright, cheerful colors and can include a certain amount of detail. From 2 years, children are able to enjoy simple story books. Enjoy simple stories include a lot of repetition.

Children of this age want to look at book themselves – ensure strong pages. Children aged four (4) to five (5) years:
Influences of suitable Literature
Interest has broadened to include more than themselves and environment. Interest in other people. Cannot distinguish between fantasy and reality.
4 year old enjoy comical language, word games and words that represent sound. Enjoy obvious, silly jokes and often behave in rather silly ways themselves. Love exaggeration even when telling it themselves.

Children of this age can now sit quietly and can concentrate for longer.

Enjoys stories about “unknown”. Themes outside environment are perfectly appropriate. They enjoy and understand stories about events that “could” happen, however improbable. Funny stories, silly and full of exaggeration.

Stories/books about people, animals and objects how to grow. They can look at a book for a longer period of time, and can listen attentively for longer. Favorite stories of 3 – 4 therefore suitable for this age group – not for long. Children in grade R

Influences of suitable Literature
This age allows for broadening children’s understanding of the word around them. 5 – 6 year olds can distinguish between fantasy and reality. Very inquisitive and eager to learn.
Enjoy new discoveries and adventures.

6 year olds are no longer egocentric, and already have a more objective view of themselves and the world around them. 6 year olds begin to take an interest in no words and letters. 6 year olds with lots of exposure to books are keen and ready to be introduced to reading activities. 5 – 6 enjoys fantasies

Like stories and books that convey info in a straight forward way. Simple adventure stories and books are suitable.
Themes deal with less familiar, such as children from other countries. Children in the Foundation Phase
Influences of suitable Literature
Children starting school are starting to read and gradually improve their mastering of this skill. When they start school they have a good grasp of the difference between fantasy and reality – of what can happen. Increasing responsible realization of right and wrong, and they begin to express their own judgment of right and wrong. Friends become extremely important and have an enormous influence on what a child wishes to do. Children develop an interest in hobbies – particularly in things they themselves can make or do. Stories with simple text that they can read.

Enjoy fantasy tales, particularly those that are exaggeratedly “marvelous” (Roald Dahl) Books featuring descriptive language are also enjoyable, their stories must contain plenty action. Enjoy stories that teach them how to make things such as cook books. Humorous books.

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