Choose from the list of problem scenarios below. Using the steps involved in problem solving that were discussed in this chapter, describe how you would go about solving this problem. 1. Mrs. Smith’s daycare provider is closing in four weeks. Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith work full-time during the day and need daycare for their child. They have only a short period of time, however, to find a new, safe, reliable daycare provider. : I would start looking or asking people where they take their children and maybe take a look at thier daycare and see how it works out for me. Also if I didn’t find a daycare within the short time of period I would quit my job for that short time that daycare is close and look after my children/ child until the daycare re-opens up again. 2. Tim is planning a summer vacation for his family of five to Disney World in Florida. He lives in Pennsylvania and is trying to figure out whether it could be more cost effective to drive to Florida or to fly there.: I think flying and driving to florida would be less cost effective but at the same time I’m thinking flying would be the less cost effective because you can buy 5 round trips: one that takes you and brings you back with one airplane ticket. Because if you drive you’d have to stop for gas and food for the road-trip and it would cost more. 3. Sarah has a 20-page paper due in six weeks and has not yet started to work on it. She is feeling overwhelmed, because she works a full-time job during the day and has three children at home in the evening. She knows she should started working soon on the paper but is not sure where to begin.: Between the children and the job and I’d start working on it little by little on my free times I have and if I finish before the six weeks I would revise it and made it better. 4. Mr. Jones’s parents are growing older and are finding that they can no longer live in their big three-bedroom house. They want to sell their home and move to either a smaller house, a retirement community, or an assisted-living facility. Mr. and Mrs. Jones said they would help his parents find an appropriate place to live but are not sure where to begin. I would look at my budget and start narrowing down the houses that are out of my range. Also I would look at rooms the house has and look at the neighbor until I find the house that has 1-2 rooms and is between my budget and also the neighbhood. 5. Sally found out through a friend that her current boyfriend has been cheating on her with another woman. She is very distraught and is not sure what to do about the situation. :I would talk to him and if he lied I would of break-up and move on with my life, but also I would need to have proof if he was cheating or hire a detective to follow him to all the places he went to. Because sometimes friends lie to see you down, and sad and maybe their the other woman that your boyfriend is seeing.
Activity Handout 7.2
How Do You Think This Invention Came About?
Think of an invention such as television, the electric razor, the toaster, or the blender and describe how you think this invention came about. Discuss the various steps involved in creative thinking that were outlined in this chapter. Originality- seeing unique or different solutions to a problem (After noting that electricity passing through a conductor produces a glowing red or white heat, Edison imagined using this light for pratical uses. ) Fluency- Generating a large numbers pf possible solutions
(Edison tried literally hundreds of different materials to find one that would heat to the point of glowing white heat without burning up.) Flexibility- Shifting with ease from one type of problem-solving strategy to another (When he couldn’t find a long-lasting material Edison tried heating it in a vaccum- thereby creating the first lightbulb.)
Activity Handout 7.3
Which Type of Intelligence Is It?
Read through the scenarios below and identify what type of intelligence—analytical, creative, practical, verbal, mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, or naturalist—you think the individual has. 1. John spent years trying to come up with a solution to how to water a Christmas tree without having to do it himself every day. Type of Intelligence: Naturalistic
2. Susan has always been interested in building things. At a young age, she built model airplanes with great enthusiasm. She went to college and graduate school and earned a degree in architecture. She is now the CEO of her own architectural firm. Type of Intelligence: Spatial
3. Jim started taking ballroom dancing classes as a child. He became the Younger U.S. Champion at age 12, has continued dancing, and is now competing for the World Champion title. BopType of Intelligence: Bodily/Kinesthetic
4. Lee Ann Rimes earned her first Academy of Country Music Award at the young age of 12. She has sold millions of albums and continues to hit the charts with top-selling records. Type of Intelligence: Musical
5. Cecil wrote his first novel at the age of 16 and, just recently, his third novel made the New York Times best-seller list. Type of Intelligence: Linguistic
6. Jane has always loved working through math problems and excelled in her math classes. She can work through sudoku puzzles in little time and finds math very challenging. She is the senior accountant at her accounting firm. Type of Intelligence: Logic/Mathematical
7. Jeremy has always had a green thumb. He grew up on a tree farm and learned at a young age about plants and flowers. He went on to earn a graduate degree in the agricultural sciences and recently found a way to cross-pollinate watermelons with cantaloupes to make a delicious new fruit. Type of Intelligence: Naturalist
Activity Handout 7.4
The Structure of Language
List five examples of structures of language. Use the various language structures discussed in this chapter.
Prelinguistic Stage – Birth to 12 months
Crying ( reflexive in newborns) becomes more purposeful
Examples: Hunger Cry, anger cry, pain cry
Cooing (vowel-like sounds) (2-3 months) “ooooh,” “aaaah”
Babbling (consonants added) (4-6 months) “bahbahbah,” “dahdahdah”
Linguistic Stage – 12 months to 5 years
Babbling resembles language of the environment, and child understands sounds relate to meaning Speech consists of one-word utterances – “Mama,” “juice,” “Daddy,” “up” Expressive ability more than doubles once child joins words into short places – “Daddy milk,” “no night-night!”
Overtension(using words to include objects that do not fit the word’s meaning) – all men = “Daddy” all furry animals = doggy
Telegraphic speech(like telegrams, omits nonessential connecting words) – “Me want cookie” “Grandma go bye-bye?” Vocabulary increases at a phenomenal rate. Child acquires wide variety of grammar rules – adding -ed for past tense adding s to form plurals
Overgeneralization(applying basic rules of grammar even to cases that are exceptions to the rule) – “I goed to the zoo” ” Two mans”