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Cerebrum Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Cerebrum and Dementia Care

Unit-1, Q1. Explain what is meant by the term `dementia’ Unit-1, Q2. Describe how dementia can affect a person if the following areas of the brain are damaged by dementia Frontal lobe: Parietal lobe: Temporal lobe: Occipital lobe: Cerebellum: Unit-1, Q3.Explain why the following may be mistaken for dementia a) depression b) delirium c) age related memory impairment Unit-1, Q4. Give an outline of the following models of dementia a) The medical model of dementia b) The social model of dementia Unit-1, Q5. Explain why it is important to see dementia as a disability Unit-1, Q6. List the four most common causes of dementia Unit-1, Q7. Describe the signs and symptoms associated with the four most common causes of dementia…

Secrets of the Mind

This summary is based on a video series, found on YouTube, depicting the findings of neurologist, Dr. V.S. Ramachandran. Ramachandran is noted for his use of experimental methods that rely relatively little on complex technologies such as neuroimaging. According to Ramachandran, “too much of the Victorian sense of adventure [in science] has been lost.” In the case of Derek Steen, who is suffering from Phantom Limb Syndrome, Dr. Ramachandran evaluated the levels of feelings on both sides of the patient’s body by touching certain parts of the patient with a q-tip. When the Dr. stroked the q-tip across the left side of the patients face, the patient felt that same movement sensation on the missing right hand. Dr. Ramachandran theorizes…

Spatial Learning

After debating more of what my paper should be about I decided to look into how it might be important. Then I recalled taking these test to see what types of learners we were freshman year. After a bit of research I discovered what the different types of learning were in this article. In total there are seven learning styles. The focus for my research paper will probably be spatial (visual) learners. These are people who like to use pictures or images to learn. Spatial learners use “The occipital lobes at the back of the brain (which) manage the visual sense. Both the occipital and parietal lobes manage spatial orientation.” The second type of learning listed was aural, people who…

Mirror Neurons

The sight of a stranger’s foot getting hammered induces an instant surge of sympathy within us. Watching a friend nauseate after eating something repulsive quickly causes our own stomachs to turn. This ability to understand and relate to another individual’s internal state has provided great motivation for research. One source of explanation arose from research on mirror neurons-which fire both during execution and observation of a behaviour (Rizzollati & Arbib, 1998). This particular class of neurons plays a crucial function in human social interactions. The importance of the mirror neuron system (MNS) for communication can be understood through its influence on nonverbal communication including facial expressions and hand gestures and verbal language. Furthermore, disorders affecting human communication-such as autism and…

Map-A-Brain

1 Why is the story of Phineas Gage considered so extraordinary? What does his story teach us about the brain? The injury that occurred to Phineas Gage is extraordinary because it completely changed his emotions and mental characteristics, and did not damage him severely physically.He lived from the accident, and was physically the same person, but after it, all of his personal characteristics changed, turning him into a completely different person. This proves that the part of his brain that was injured is the part that is responsible for controlling emotion, personality and reasoning. 2 (Optional) How did Gall and Penfield differ in their approach to studying brain function? Both scientists wanted to answer questions through their experiments, but Gall…

The Brain and Behavioral Essay

The brain is the most complex organ in the body. The human brain is very unique. There are different sections of the brain and each section has a unique job. The brain can control a person’s mood, the organs, and hormones and how the body moves and operates. This paper will describe two parts of the brain, the frontal lobe and the temporal lobe and how they relate to human behavior including the effects of heredity. It will also contrast the two sections as they relate to behavior. It will then describe what could happen if there is damage to the specific lobes. There are five different sections of the brain. The brain is also divided by two hemispheres, the…

Left Brain vs Right Brain: Implications of Learning

A left-brain dominant person’s attributes are different than that of a right-brained person. This difference causes these two groups to have different learning styles. A left-brain dominant tends to be better at spelling and math. This is because this person can see all of the pieces. A right- brain dominant person tends be better at writing, biology, and other hands on subjects. A left-brain dominant person can understand lectures. A right-brain dominant person does better at hand on activities. It is important for him to discover and use the learning style that helps them to succeed academically. Antisocial is thought to be caused by brain dominance. The only way to overcome being antisocial is by the person going out and…

Left Brain vs Right Brain Learning Styles

People learn in many different ways, but do you ever wonder why that is. Why are we so different and learn so differently? The brain is the answer to that question. The brain gives us what we need to determine what and who we are as people. Because of the human brain’s complexity, professors and teachers are starting to see that one way of teaching is not always the best way from everyone. “Each child processes new information in ways are related to environmental, emotional, sociological, physiological, and psychological elements” (Green, 1999, p. 684). When it comes to the process of learning and thinking, the average person has two sides of the brain that determines how they learn. The two…

A case of cerebrovascular accident

1. Define the terms ischemia and infarction. Ischemia- local decrease in blood supply Infarction- death & deterioration of tissue resulting from lack of blood supply. 2. What is a stroke? Name the two main types of strokes and describe the mechanism(s) by which each type occurs. Cerebrovascular Accident- condition in which brain tissue is deprived of blood supply. The most common stroke symptoms are: Numbness or weakness (paresis) of the face, arm, or leg, sometimes only on one side; Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech (aphasia) Trouble seeing Trouble walking or dizziness; loss of balance or coordination (ataxia) Severe headache with no known cause 1. Ischemic stroke (~83%) – blood vessel supplying brain tissue is blocked by a blood clot….

Anatomy Week Three Worksheet

1. Describe why humans have a blind spot: a. Humans have a blind spot because the spot that the axons meet to form the optic nerve does not have any sensor cells. 2. Describe the functional and anatomical differences between rods and cones: a. Rods: Respond to faint light and are more abundant in the periphery of the eye. Cylindrical shape, similar to a welding rod. b. Cones: Responsible for color vision, provide roughly 90% of input to the brain, and has to do with heightened visual responses. Looks like a cone. 3. Describe the trichromatic and opponent-process theories of color vision: a. Trichromatic Theory: Perception of color occurs through three kinds of cones; short wavelength (blue), medium-wavelength (green), and…

The story of Phineas Gage

1 Why is the story of Phineas Gage considered so extraordinary? What does his story teach us about the brain? Phineas Gages’s story is so extra ordinary because a metal rod was impaled through his head and destroyed most of his frontal lobe. His story has taught us that different parts of the brain control different things and the part of his brain that got injured effects a person’s memory, personality, and emotion. 2 New research is using functional MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), a scan of the brain that shows specific areas that are activated during certain tasks, as a lie detector test. Explain which area(s) of the brain you think might light up to show that you are telling…

Perspectives of psychology

Analyzes the relationship between natural selection and behavior and mental processes B. Focuses on personal growth, reaching our highest potential, and self-actualization C. Examines how physiology and biology interact with the environment to impact and determine our behavior and mental processes D. Holds that our unconscious processes determine our behaviors and how they are expressed in our personality E. Emphasizes the way that our behavior and mental processes are impacted by social and cultural components in our environment F. Believes that the field of psychology should focus on objective behaviors that are observable and measurable G. Stresses the importance of internal processes of thought that impact the way that we think, know, remember, reason, make decisions, and communicate 1.cognitive functioning….

The Left Brain vs. The Right Brain

A question that has commonly been asked amongst this generation, are you a right brained thinker or left brained thinker? It has been more and more about in the past half a century for psychologists. Our daily actions and thoughts revolve around our brains and the obvious vital function it does for our bodies. You may be very shocked at the idea that this is only a theory amongst scientists and that our brains far surpass many so called suggestions on how it works. Is there such a thing as a right brained thinker as compared to a left brained thinker? Our brain is split into two large sections, the right cerebral hemisphere and the left cerebral hemisphere. The right…

Dementia Care

Dementia is the term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected (damaged) by certain diseases and conditions (e.g. a stroke), including Alzheimer’s disease. As this is a progressive disease, symptoms can be slowed down, but not cured and will always, gradually get worse. Regardless of the cause of the dementia, as it is the brain cells that are dying, some of the person’s abilities and functions of day to day life will progressively become more difficult. There are five areas of the brain that can be affected by dementia: 1. The Frontal Lobe, affecting behaviour (personal & social), interpretation (not able to problem solve or focus on single tasks), movement and feeling and the inability…

Understanding Dementia

Understanding Dementia Dementia is not a disease but a group of conditions resulting from a disease such as Alzheimer’s and Vascular dementia or a group of symptoms which may result from age, brain injury, confusion, difficulty in performing day to day or familiar tasks, changes in personality, mood and behaviour. Dementia is a condition in which there’s a gradual loss of brain function, it is a decline in cognitive/intellectual functioning. Dementia causes permanent and progressive damage to the brain. Each part of the brain functions differently and therefore when a region is affected individuals can lose significant functions. The brain controls every aspect of our behaviour, from the smallest movement to the most sophisticated thought. The largest part of the…