Application Questions: 1. WHAT IS BOB’S ATTITUDE ACCORDING TO JUNGIAN THEORY? PROVIDE EVIDENCE FOR YOUR answer. Bob’s an extravert. Bob seeks enjoyment and pleasure by helping others. In Jung’s point of view, Bob seeks pleasure and enjoyment from outside objects (objects being people), not from the subject (subject being one’s self).
This can be seen in the case study when Bob states how he enjoys helping others and speaking with them because it makes him feel like he is helping them in a way that others cannot do. 2. WHAT IS BOB’S SUPERIOR FUNCTION ACCORDING TO JUNGIAN THEORY?
PROVIDE evidence for your answer. Bob’s dominant function would likely be “Sensing. ” This is not simply because Bob “senses” the presence of the deceased around him, but because of the definition of Jung’s idea of sensing: “the initial, concrete experiencing of phenomena without the use of reason or evaluation. ” Bob’s first thought about the seizures was that it was “a gift from the other side” and “a way to contact spirits. ” He did not use any reason or logic to interpret the seizures, but instead jumped to his own conclusions. 3. WHAT ARE ARCHETYPES?
IN WHAT LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS ARE THEY CONTAINED, according to Jung’s theory? Which archetype has Bob been influenced by? Provide evidence for your answer. How does it influence his behavior? Archetypes are themes that exist in all cultures, and they are rooted within the entire psyche (primarily in the consciousness and the collective unconsciousness), according to Jung. “The Self” has likely primarily influenced Bob.
The reason for this statement is because the self-archetype is characterized by realizing a destiny through a process called individuation, which is when a person becomes the definite, unique being that he in fact is. According to Bob, he sees himself as a psychic, and firmly believes that that was a gift instilled on him and must use it to help others. It is his gift, his ability, and his self that he must use to help others in his life. Therefore, because he has realized what he believes to be his destiny, it is safe to say that the archetype that governs Bob’s life is the self.
4. AT WHAT STAGE IS BOB PRESENTLY, ACCORDING TO JUNGIAN THEORY? WHAT TYPES OF events should he be experiencing at this stage? Is there evidence for these experiences in the case study? Explain. Bob is 56 years old, meaning, according to Jung, he is in the Middle Life stage about to enter Old Age. At this moment, Bob has reached self-realization in the sense that, in his mind, he knows and understands what he is supposed to do with his life – being a medium between the living world and the spirit world. Because of this, even though the stage does not start until generally age 60, Bob would be classified as being in the stage of Old Age (classified by self-realization and no longer fearing death, which Bob no longer fears). Theory Comparison Questions:
1. AT WHAT STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT WOULD ERIKSON PLACE BOB? WHY? HOW DO Erikson’s psychosocial stages differ from Jung’s stages of development? Erikson would likely place Bob in the stage of “Generativity vs. Stagnation,” which is between ages 25-64. This is the stage where people try to “make their life count,” meaning they need to give their life meaning in order to obtain gratification. This statement is due to the fact that Bob is trying to make his life have meaning by helping other people with his special abilities, thus placing him in the “Generativity vs. Stagnation” stage.
This is similar to Jung’s “Old Age” stage of development because both deal with making one’s life worth something and giving it meaning. Erikson’s theories just go deeper into detail about the conflict that occurs at that stage. 2. HOW COULD FROMM’S CONCEPT OF THE EXISTENTIAL DILEMMAS EXPLAIN BOB’S experiences with mysticism? Compare this concept with Jung’s archetypes.
One of Fromm’s existential dilemmas in particular that relates to Bob currently is the dilemma of unity, which deals with a sense of individuality with themselves and the outside world, and is characterized by putting one’s energy into an all-consuming passion for something in particular (in this case, Bob’s passion for his unique gift). This is similar to Jung’s idea of the self because in Jung’s idea of the self, you try to obtain a sense of true identity and individuality through realizing your personal destiny. So both ideas deal with achieving individuality by achieving your personal goals or destinies.