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Cartography Essay Topics & Paper Examples

An essay on the features of a topographic map

A topographic map is a map that shows the actual shape of the landscape and the various heights of the landscape. The map allows geographers to see the height and shape of the land by using contour lines. Contour lines are lines that join together all points that have the same height above sea level. The height between contour lines is called the contour interval. The map on the opposite page has various contour lines with an interval of 50 metres. The numbers on the contours show how high the land is above sea level. Mount Florence, for example, is more than 400 metres above sea level. The map also shows that some contour lines are close together while other…

The 5 Themes of Geography

The “Five Themes of Geography” are location, human / environmental interactions, regions, place, and movement. The 5 themes of geography helps student answer the question “What is geography.” No study into the field of human geography can truly begin without an understanding of these overlapping themes. Several definitions and ideas will be introduced in the following paragraphs. Location refers to the position of something on the Earth’s surface. Maps are the best way to show location. Just as no study of mathematics could occur without numbers – no study of geography could occur without maps. All maps cannot perfectly represent a three-dimensional object (globe) on a two-dimensional surface (map). The scale of a map shows how much the real world…

Planimeter. Petroleum engineer

Objective / aim To analyze particle size distribution of a given sediment using a sieve shaker. Theory Petroleum reservoirs have the ability to contain precious hydrocarbons in the microscopic pores under geological formations and to transmit the fluids under certain driving forces. One of the core roles and responsibilities of a reservoir engineer is to make a good estimation of the hydrocarbons in place in a reservoir. That is, he must be able to determine the Oil Initially In Place (OIIP) and the Gas Initially In Place (GIIP). Many factors have to be carefully considered and the one discussed in this lab is the Bulk Rock Volume and how it is acquired. Bulk rock volume is really the gross rock…

Grade 9 Geography Exam Review

Geography Exam Review Grade 9 1) Unit 1- Introduction to Geography a) What is Geography? * Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical and human systems/features and the relationships among them. * Physical Features: rivers, mountains, etc. * Human Features: buildings, cities, etc. b) The Five Themes of Geography * Location (Absolute and Relative) * Absolute and relative locations are 2 ways of describing the positions of the Earth’s physical and cultural features. * Ex: Mogadishu, Somalia, is at 2 degrees north latitude, 45 degrees east longitude. * Place (Physical and Human Characteristics) * All places on Earth have special features that distinguish them from other places. * Ex: Lake Baikal is 25 million years old, more than one…