As a social worker, it is important to follow all the legislations which are in the field of children’s rights so that all children can be safely looked after and treated with respect. The Children Act was introduced in 1989 and the Scottish children act was introduced in 2004. This act was initially designed to ensure that all local authorities were making equal provision to support young children, teenagers and their families. This act includes the support of children with disabilities when they are at the age of 18 and this comes under the NHS Community Care Act of 1990. In 1995 the Children Act was updated In Scotland with the same view that the child is still the centre of importance. The act updated the law in Scotland related to looking after children and young people. ECM was introduced in 2003. It stands for Every Child Matters. This legislation considers the well-being of children and young people from births up to age of 19.
Five principles of this legislation apply to every child, whatever their background and circumstance is. All children should be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and experience an economic well-being. All organisations working with children and young people must work together to protect children from harm and help them to achieve their goals. Information will be gathered concerning vulnerable groups so that support strategies can be put in place. Children and young people will be involved in the process of decision making. The first Children’s Commissioner for the UK was appointed in the year of 2005 to help give children and young people some input into the government. The Young Persons and Children Act was introduced in 1933. It is an act that puts all the children protection acts together so it comes under as one act. The purpose of this act is to refurbish the statutory framework for the care system in the UK and Wales.
This forms a segment of the government’s programme to ensure the children the highest quality of care and support. The Act provides services which are linked to children’s well-being and young people’s well-being, private fostering, child death notification to the Local Safeguarding Boards and suitable national authorities, the powers of the Secretary of State will conduct a research and applications for the discharge of Emergency Protection Orders. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child was introduced in 1989. This ac is an international agreement that considers the rights of all children and young people. It is made up of 54 articles covering a variety of rights, including the right to be free from violence, the right to play, the right to express themselves and have their views taken into account.
This convention provides extra rights to ensure that children and young people living away from home and those who have disabilities are treated fairly and their specific needs are met. The Human Rights Act was introduced in 1998. It came into force in England and Wales in the year 2000 and includes the European Convention on Human Rights into the national legislative framework. This Act enables young people, children and adults to look for protection of their rights both nationally and internationally via the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. The Data Protection Act was introduced in 1998 and it prevents private information from being misusedю